R/optimal.onesided.cutoff.R

Defines functions optimal.onesided.cutoff

Documented in optimal.onesided.cutoff

#' Optimal one-sided winsorization for survey outliers
#'
#' This function calculates optimal tuning parameter, cutoffs, and
#' winsorized values for one-sided winsorization.
#'
#' @param formula The regression formula (e.g. income ~ employment + old.turnover if income is survey variable and employment and old.turnover are auxiliary variables).
#' @param surveydata A data frame of the survey data including the variables in formula, piwt (inverse probability of selection),
#'        gregwt (generalized regression estimator weight) and regwt (weight to be used in regression - will be set to 1 if missing).
#' @param historical.reweight A set of reweighting factors for use when a historical dataset is being used.
#' It reweights from the historical sample to the sample of interest.
#' The default value of 1 should be used if the sample being used for optimising Q is the
#' same sample (or at least the same design) as the sample to which the winsorizing cutoffs are to be applied.
#' @param estimated.means.name The variable of this name in surveydata should contain an estimator of the expected values for each sample value of the variable of interest.
#'  If set to "", the regression model is estimated using IRLS.
#' @param stop Set to T to open a browser window (for debugging purposes)
#' @details
#' This function calculates optimal one-sided cutoffs for winsorization
#' where regression residuals are truncated at Q / (generalized_regression_estimator_weight-1)
#' and Q satisfies the optimality result in Kokic and Bell (1994) and Clark (1995).
#' @return A list consisting of Q.opt (the optimal Q), rlm.coef (the robust regression coefficients),
#'  windata which is a dataset containing the same observations and variables as surveydata in the same order, with additional variables
#'   cutoffs (the winsorizing cutoffs for each unit in sample), y (the values of the variable of interest),
#'   win1.values (the type 1 winsorized values of interest, i.e. the minimums of the cutoff and y) and
#'   win2.values (the type 2 winsorized values of interest, so that sum(surveydata$gregwt*win2.values) is the winsorized estimator.
#' @references
#' Clark, R. G. (1995), "Winsorisation methods in sample surveys," Masters thesis, Australian National University, http://hdl.handle.net/10440/1031.
#'
#' Kokic, P. and Bell, P. (1994), "Optimal winsorizing cutoffs for a stratified finite population estimator," J. Off. Stat., 10, 419-435.
#' @examples
#' test <- optimal.onesided.cutoff(formula=y~x1+x2,surveydata=survdat.example)
#' plot(test$windata$y,test$windata$win1.values)

optimal.onesided.cutoff <- function(formula,surveydata,historical.reweight=1,estimated.means.name="",stop=F){
  # firstly define the function to be zeroed numerically
  if(stop) browser()
  estimated.means <- NULL
  piwt <- NA
  formula.items <- as.character(formula)
  y <- surveydata[,formula.items[2]]
  surveydata$y <- y
  diff.fn <- function(Q,formula,surveydata,estimated.means.name,return.all=F,stop=F){
    if(stop) browser()
    rlm.results <- NULL
    if(estimated.means.name==""){
      rlm.results <- robust.lm.onesided( formula=formula , Q=Q , data=surveydata ,maxit=500 )
      estimated.means <- rlm.results$fitted.values
    } else{
      ywin <- pmin(surveydata$y,surveydata[,estimated.means.name]+Q/(surveydata$gregwt-1))
      estimated.means <- ywin
    }
    lm.results <-  lm( formula=formula , weights=piwt , data=surveydata )
    bias.est <- sum(historical.reweight*(surveydata$gregwt-1)*(estimated.means-lm.results$fitted.values))
    out <- Q + bias.est
    if(return.all) out <- list( diff=Q+bias.est , rlm.results=rlm.results , lm.results=lm.results , Q=Q )
    out
  }
  Q.opt <- uniroot( f=diff.fn, formula=formula , surveydata=surveydata,
                    estimated.means.name=estimated.means.name ,
                    interval=pmax(0.0001,range((y-median(y))*(surveydata$gregwt-1))),
                    return.all=FALSE)$root
  full.results <- diff.fn( Q=Q.opt , formula=formula , surveydata=surveydata, estimated.means.name="", return.all=T )
  windata <- surveydata
  windata$cutoffs <- full.results$rlm.results$fitted.values + Q.opt / (surveydata$gregwt-1)
  windata$win1.values <- pmin(y,windata$cutoffs)
  windata$win2.values <- ( windata$y + windata$win1.values * (windata$gregwt-1) ) / windata$gregwt
  list( Q.opt=Q.opt , rlm.coef=full.results$rlm.results$coef , windata=windata )
}

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surveyoutliers documentation built on May 30, 2017, 5:45 a.m.