completion: Get a completion list for a R code fragment

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/completion.R

Description

Returns names of objects/arguments/namespaces matching a code fragment.

Usage

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completion(code, pos = nchar(code), min.length = 2, print = FALSE,
  types = c("default", "scintilla"), addition = FALSE, sort = TRUE,
  what = c("arguments", "functions", "packages"), description = FALSE,
  max.fun = 100, skip.used.args = TRUE, sep = "\n", field.sep = "\t")

Arguments

code

A partial R code to be completed.

pos

The position of the cursor in this code.

min.length

The minimal length in characters of code required before the completion list is calculated.

print

Logical, print result and return invisibly. See details.

types

A named list giving names of types. Set to NA to give only names. See details.

addition

Should only addition string be returned?

sort

Do we sort the list of completions alphabetically?

what

What are we looking for? Allow to restrict search for faster calculation.

description

Do we describe items in the completion list (could be slow)?

max.fun

In the case where we describe items, the maximum number of functions to process (if longer, no description is returned for function) because it can be very slow otherwise.

skip.used.args

Logical, if completion is within function arguments, should the already used named arguments be omitted?

sep

The separator to use between returned items.

field.sep

Character string to separate fields for each entry.

Details

The completion list is context-dependent, and it is calculated as if the code was entered at the command line.

If the code ends with $ or [[, then the function look for items in a list or data.frame whose name is the last identifier.

If the code ends with @, then the function look for slots of the corresponding S4 object.

If the code ends with ::, then it looks for objects in a namespace.

If the code ends with a partial identifier name, the function returns all matching keywords visible from .GlobalEnv.

If the code is empty or parses into an empty last token, the list of objects currently in the global environment is returned.

Value

If types == NA and description = FALSE, a character vector giving the completions, otherwise a data frame with two columns: 'completion', and 'type' when description = FALSE, or with four columns: 'completion', 'type', 'desc' and 'context' when description = TRUE.
Attributes:
attr(, "token") - a completed token.
attr(, "triggerPos") - number of already typed characters.
attr(, "fguess") - name of guessed function.
'attr(, "isFirstArg")“ - is this a first argument?

Note

Take care: depending on the context, the completion list could be incorrect (but it should work for code entered at the command line). For instance, inside a function call, the context is very different, and arguments and local variables should be returned instead. This may be implemented in the future, but for now, we focus on completion that should be most useful for novice useRs that are using R expressions entered one after the other at the R console or in a script (and considering the script is run or sourced line after line in R).

There are other situations where the completion can be calculated, see the help of rc.settings().

If print == TRUE, results are returned invisibly, and printed in a form: triggerPos<newline>completions separated by sep.

If types are supplied, a completion will consist of name and type, separated by type.sep. types may me a vector of length 5, giving the type codes for "function", "variable", "environment", "argument" and "keyword". If types == "default", above type names are given; types == "scintilla" will give numeric codes that can be used with "scintilla.autoCShow" function (e.g., with the SciViews-K Komodo Edit plugin).

Author(s)

Philippe Grosjean [email protected] & Kamil Barton [email protected]

See Also

rc.settings()

Examples

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# A data frame
data(iris)
completion("item <- iris$")
completion("item <- iris[[")

# An S4 object
setClass("track", representation(x = "numeric", y = "numeric"))
t1 <- new("track", x = 1:20, y = (1:20)^2)
completion("item2 <- [email protected]")

# A namespace
completion("utils::", description = TRUE)

# A partial identifier
completion("item3 <- va", description = TRUE)

# Otherwise, a list with the content of .GlobalEnv
completion("item4 <- ")

# TODO: directory and filename completion!
rm(iris, t1)

svMisc documentation built on July 1, 2018, 9:01 a.m.