R/sounding_barbs.R

Defines functions sounding_barbs

Documented in sounding_barbs

#' Plot wind profile using wind barbs
#' 
#' Function for plotting wind direction and wind speed profile with the use of wind barbs.
#' Can be launched as standalone function or coupled with pre-drawn Skew-T diagram.
#'
#' @import stats
#' @import utils
#' @importFrom dplyr left_join
#' @importFrom grDevices colorRampPalette
#'
#' @param pressure pressure [hPa] 
#' @param ws wind speed [knots]
#' @param wd wind direction [azimuth in degrees]
#' @param altitude altitude [m] (can be above sea level or above ground level as function always consider first level as surface, i.e h = 0 m) - altitude [m]
#' @param ptop Pressure top level to be used for plotting wind speed. Valid options should be < 200 hPa (100 by default)
#' @param interpolate logical, draw wind barbs only at interpolated altitudes with 500 m interval (default = TRUE)  instead of all wind barbs for a given input dataset
#' @param showaxis logical, drawing bounding box with left axis for pressure heighs (default FALSE)
#' @param barb_cex size of wind barbs (default = 0.3)
#' @param ... extra graphic arguments
#' @export
#' 
#' @return wind barbs plot for a given vertical profile of atmosphere
#' 
#' @examples 
#' # load examplary dataset:
#' data("sounding_vienna")
#' attach(sounding_vienna)
#' sounding_barbs(pressure = pressure, ws = ws, wd = wd, altitude = altitude,
#'               interpolate = TRUE, showaxis = TRUE)
#'

sounding_barbs <- function(pressure, ws, wd, altitude,
                           ptop = 100, interpolate = TRUE, 
                           showaxis = FALSE, barb_cex = 0.3, ...){
  
  altitude = altitude - altitude[1]
  
  if(ptop > 200) {
    stop("\nptop argument needs to be set < 200 (hPa)!")
  }
  
  # whether to convert wind speed from knots to m/s
  # temporarily this argument is disabled
  # if(convert) {
  #   ws <- ws * 0.51444
  # }
  
  # margins can be manually modified if needed, e.g.:
  #c(bottom, left, top, right) 
  #par(mar = c(2, 1.5, 1 ,6))
  
  ymax = skewty(1050)
  #ymin = skewty(50)
  ymin = skewty(ptop)
  xmin = 0
  # moving drawing limits:
  xmax = 1
  
  xc = c(xmin, xmin, xmax, xmax, xmin)
  yc = c(ymin, ymax, ymax, ymin, ymin)
  if(isTRUE(showaxis)){
    plot(xc, yc, type = "l", axes = FALSE, xlab = "", ylab = "", lwd = 1)
  } else {
    plot(xc, yc, type = "l", axes = FALSE, xlab = "", ylab = "", lwd = 0.0)
  }
  
  #prs = pressure[which((altitude-altitude[1]) %in% seq(0,16000,500))]
  prs = c(1050, 1000, 850, 700, 500, 400, 300, seq(from = 200, to = ptop, by = -50))
  NPRES = length(prs)
  
  ypos = skewty(prs[2:NPRES])
  
  if(showaxis){
    axis(2, at = ypos, labels = NA, pos = xmin, padj = 1)
    # commented label for X-axis
    mtext(side = 2, line = 1.5, "Pressure (hPa)", padj = 2, cex=0.6)
  }
  
  # end of drawing diagram in square
  
  # draw pressure heights:
  y = skewty(pressure)
  ind = y < ymin # clipping to max visible height
  x = rep(xmin, length(y))
  
  #segments(x0 = 0.5, y0 = y, x1 = ws, y1 = y, col = data$cols, lwd = 5)
  if(!interpolate){
    windbarbs(cx = x[ind]+0.5, cy = y[ind], direction = wd[ind], speed = ws[ind], cex = barb_cex)
  }
  
  if(interpolate){
    u = round(-ws * sin(wd * pi/180), 2)
    v = round(-ws * cos(wd * pi/180), 2)
    
    # the heights values needs to be modified here:
    hghts = seq(0, max(altitude, na.rm = TRUE), by = 500)
    pres = approx(y = pressure, x = altitude, xout = hghts)$y
    u = approx(y = u, x = altitude, xout = hghts)$y
    v = approx(y = v, x = altitude, xout = hghts)$y
    
    data = na.omit(data.frame(pres = pres, hghts = hghts, u = u, v = v))
    
    data$x = rep(xmin, nrow(data))
    data$y = skewty(data$pres)
    
    data$ws = sqrt((data$u^2) + (data$v^2))
    data$wd = round((180/pi * atan2(data$u, data$v) + 180))
    
    # clip to max visible range:
    data = data[data$y < ymin,]
    windbarbs(cx = rep(x = (xmin+xmax)/2, times = length(data$y)),
              cy = data$y, direction = data$wd, speed = data$ws, cex = barb_cex)
  }
  
}

Try the thunder package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

thunder documentation built on March 18, 2021, 5:06 p.m.