# eventstar: Scale Parameter at the Minimum of the Tsallis Evenness... In vegan: Community Ecology Package

 eventstar R Documentation

## Scale Parameter at the Minimum of the Tsallis Evenness Profile

### Description

The function `eventstar` finds the minimum (`q^*`) of the evenness profile based on the Tsallis entropy. This scale factor of the entropy represents a specific weighting of species relative frequencies that leads to minimum evenness of the community (Mendes et al. 2008).

### Usage

``````eventstar(x, qmax = 5)
``````

### Arguments

 `x` A community matrix or a numeric vector. `qmax` Maximum scale parameter of the Tsallis entropy to be used in finding the minimum of Tsallis based evenness in the range `c(0, qmax)`.

### Details

The function `eventstar` finds a characteristic value of the scale parameter `q` of the Tsallis entropy corresponding to minimum of the evenness (equitability) profile based on Tsallis entropy. This value was proposed by Mendes et al. (2008) as `q^*`.

The `q^\ast` index represents the scale parameter of the one parameter Tsallis diversity family that leads to the greatest deviation from the maximum equitability given the relative abundance vector of a community.

The value of `q^\ast` is found by identifying the minimum of the evenness profile over scaling factor `q` by one-dimensional minimization. Because evenness profile is known to be a convex function, it is guaranteed that underlying `optimize` function will find a unique solution if it is in the range `c(0, qmax)`.

The scale parameter value `q^\ast` is used to find corresponding values of diversity (`H_{q^\ast}`), evenness (`H_{q^\ast}(\max)`), and numbers equivalent (`D_{q^\ast}`). For calculation details, see `tsallis` and Examples below.

Mendes et al. (2008) advocated the use of `q^\ast` and corresponding diversity, evenness, and Hill numbers, because it is a unique value representing the diversity profile, and is is positively associated with rare species in the community, thus it is a potentially useful indicator of certain relative abundance distributions of the communities.

### Value

A data frame with columns:

 `qstar` scale parameter value `q\ast` corresponding to minimum value of Tsallis based evenness profile. `Estar` Value of evenness based on normalized Tsallis entropy at `q^\ast`. `Hstar` Value of Tsallis entropy at `q^\ast`. `Dstar` Value of Tsallis entropy at `q^\ast` converted to numbers equivalents (also called as Hill numbers, effective number of species, ‘true’ diversity; cf. Jost 2007).

See `tsallis` for calculation details.

### Note

Values for `q^\ast` found by Mendes et al. (2008) ranged from 0.56 and 1.12 presenting low variability, so an interval between 0 and 5 should safely encompass the possibly expected `q^\ast` values in practice, but profiling the evenness and changing the value of the `qmax` argument is advised if output values near the range limits are found.

### Author(s)

Eduardo Ribeiro Cunha edurcunha@gmail.com and Heloisa Beatriz Antoniazi Evangelista helobeatriz@gmail.com, with technical input of Péter Sólymos.

### References

Mendes, R.S., Evangelista, L.R., Thomaz, S.M., Agostinho, A.A. and Gomes, L.C. (2008) A unified index to measure ecological diversity and species rarity. Ecography 31, 450–456.

Jost, L. (2007) Partitioning diversity into independent alpha and beta components. Ecology 88, 2427–2439.

Tsallis, C. (1988) Possible generalization of Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics. J. Stat. Phis. 52, 479–487.

Tsallis entropy: `tsallis`

### Examples

``````data(BCI)
(x <- eventstar(BCI[1:5,]))
## profiling
y <- as.numeric(BCI[10,])
(z <- eventstar(y))
q <- seq(0, 2, 0.05)
Eprof <- tsallis(y, scales=q, norm=TRUE)
Hprof <- tsallis(y, scales=q)
Dprof <- tsallis(y, scales=q, hill=TRUE)
opar <- par(mfrow=c(3,1))
plot(q, Eprof, type="l", main="Evenness")
abline(v=z\$qstar, h=tsallis(y, scales=z\$qstar, norm=TRUE), col=2)
plot(q, Hprof, type="l", main="Diversity")
abline(v=z\$qstar, h=tsallis(y, scales=z\$qstar), col=2)
plot(q, Dprof, type="l", main="Effective number of species")
abline(v=z\$qstar, h=tsallis(y, scales=z\$qstar, hill=TRUE), col=2)
par(opar)
``````

vegan documentation built on Sept. 11, 2024, 7:57 p.m.