pkg_attach: Attach or load packages, and automatically install missing...

View source: R/packages.R

pkg_attachR Documentation

Attach or load packages, and automatically install missing packages if requested


pkg_attach() is a vectorized version of library() over the package argument to attach multiple packages in a single function call. pkg_load() is a vectorized version of requireNamespace() to load packages (without attaching them). The functions pkg_attach2() and pkg_load2() are wrappers of pkg_attach(install = TRUE) and pkg_load(install = TRUE), respectively. loadable() is an abbreviation of requireNamespace(quietly = TRUE). pkg_available() tests if a package with a minimal version is available.


  install = FALSE,
  message = getOption("xfun.pkg_attach.message", TRUE)

pkg_load(..., error = TRUE, install = FALSE)

loadable(pkg, strict = TRUE, new_session = FALSE)

pkg_available(pkg, version = NULL)





Package names (character vectors, and must always be quoted).


Whether to automatically install packages that are not available using install.packages(). Besides TRUE and FALSE, the value of this argument can also be a function to install packages (install = TRUE is equivalent to install = install.packages), or a character string "pak" (equivalent to install = pak::pkg_install, which requires the pak package). You are recommended to set a CRAN mirror in the global option repos via options() if you want to automatically install packages.


Whether to show the package startup messages (if any startup messages are provided in a package).


Whether to signal an error when certain packages cannot be loaded.


A single package name.


If TRUE, use requireNamespace() to test if a package is loadable; otherwise only check if the package is in .packages(TRUE) (this does not really load the package, so it is less rigorous but on the other hand, it can keep the current R session clean).


Whether to test if a package is loadable in a new R session. Note that new_session = TRUE implies strict = TRUE.


A minimal version number. If NULL, only test if a package is available and do not check its version.


These are convenience functions that aim to solve these common problems: (1) We often need to attach or load multiple packages, and it is tedious to type several library() calls; (2) We are likely to want to install the packages when attaching/loading them but they have not been installed.


pkg_attach() returns NULL invisibly. pkg_load() returns a logical vector, indicating whether the packages can be loaded.

See Also

pkg_attach2() is similar to pacman::p_load(), but does not allow non-standard evaluation (NSE) of the ... argument, i.e., you must pass a real character vector of package names to it, and all names must be quoted. Allowing NSE adds too much complexity with too little gain (the only gain is that it saves your effort in typing two quotes).


pkg_attach("stats", "graphics")
# pkg_attach2('servr') # automatically install servr if it is not installed

(pkg_load("stats", "graphics"))

xfun documentation built on Sept. 13, 2022, 1:06 a.m.