xgb.model.dt.tree: Parse a boosted tree model text dump

View source: R/xgb.model.dt.tree.R

xgb.model.dt.treeR Documentation

Parse a boosted tree model text dump


Parse a boosted tree model text dump into a data.table structure.


  feature_names = NULL,
  model = NULL,
  text = NULL,
  trees = NULL,
  use_int_id = FALSE,



character vector of feature names. If the model already contains feature names, those would be used when feature_names=NULL (default value). Non-null feature_names could be provided to override those in the model.


object of class xgb.Booster


character vector previously generated by the xgb.dump function (where parameter with_stats = TRUE should have been set). text takes precedence over model.


an integer vector of tree indices that should be parsed. If set to NULL, all trees of the model are parsed. It could be useful, e.g., in multiclass classification to get only the trees of one certain class. IMPORTANT: the tree index in xgboost models is zero-based (e.g., use trees = 0:4 for first 5 trees).


a logical flag indicating whether nodes in columns "Yes", "No", "Missing" should be represented as integers (when FALSE) or as "Tree-Node" character strings (when FALSE).


currently not used.


A data.table with detailed information about model trees' nodes.

The columns of the data.table are:

  • Tree: integer ID of a tree in a model (zero-based index)

  • Node: integer ID of a node in a tree (zero-based index)

  • ID: character identifier of a node in a model (only when use_int_id=FALSE)

  • Feature: for a branch node, it's a feature id or name (when available); for a leaf note, it simply labels it as 'Leaf'

  • Split: location of the split for a branch node (split condition is always "less than")

  • Yes: ID of the next node when the split condition is met

  • No: ID of the next node when the split condition is not met

  • Missing: ID of the next node when branch value is missing

  • Quality: either the split gain (change in loss) or the leaf value

  • Cover: metric related to the number of observation either seen by a split or collected by a leaf during training.

When use_int_id=FALSE, columns "Yes", "No", and "Missing" point to model-wide node identifiers in the "ID" column. When use_int_id=TRUE, those columns point to node identifiers from the corresponding trees in the "Node" column.


# Basic use:

data(agaricus.train, package='xgboost')

bst <- xgboost(data = agaricus.train$data, label = agaricus.train$label, max_depth = 2,
               eta = 1, nthread = 2, nrounds = 2,objective = "binary:logistic")

(dt <- xgb.model.dt.tree(colnames(agaricus.train$data), bst))

# This bst model already has feature_names stored with it, so those would be used when
# feature_names is not set:
(dt <- xgb.model.dt.tree(model = bst))

# How to match feature names of splits that are following a current 'Yes' branch:

merge(dt, dt[, .(ID, Y.Feature=Feature)], by.x='Yes', by.y='ID', all.x=TRUE)[order(Tree,Node)]

xgboost documentation built on March 31, 2023, 10:05 p.m.