R/Func_Canopy_Radiation_Transfer.R

Defines functions Func_Canopy_Radiation_Transfer

Documented in Func_Canopy_Radiation_Transfer

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##'
##' Goal: Use revised DF1997 model to partition canopy LAI into sunlit/shade leaves LAI and 
##' partition canopy Vcmax into sunlit/shade leaves Vcmax clumping index was added to original 
##' DF1997 model, following the reference from Ryu et al. 2011
##' 
##' @title Func_Canopy_Radiation_Transfer
##' 
##' @description Function for revised DF1997 model to partition canopy LAI into sunlit/shade leaves LAI and
##' partition canopy Vcmax into sunlit/shade leaves Vcmax clumping index was added to original
##' DF1997 model, following the reference from Ryu et al. 2011
##' 
##' @param FLAG Model version controller;  0--Lloyd et al. 2010 Model for Vcmax-LAI relationship; 
##' 1--Mercado et al. 2006 Model for Vcmax-LAI relationship in the tropics
##' @param SZA solar zenith angle, in degrees
##' @param LAI Canopy leaf area index
##' @param Ib0 direct beam at canopy top
##' @param Id0 diffuse irradiance at canopy top
##' @param Vcmax0_25 Vcmax at reference 25 degrees C for top-of-canopy leaves
##' @param CI Clumping inedx; 0.63 for tropical evergreen forests (Chen et al, 2005)
##' 
##' @return List containing: PAR0 - ; Ib0 - ; Id0 - ; Lsun - Sunlit LAI; Lshade - Shade LAI; Ic - Canopy total absorbed irradiance;
##' Isun - Sunlit leaf absorbed irradiance; Ishade - Shade leaf absorbed irradiance; Vc - Canopy total Vcmax;
##' Vcsun - Sunlit leaf Vcmax; Vcshade - Shade leaf Vcmax
##'
##' @examples 
##' FLAG <- 1
##' SZA <- 30
##' LAI <- 6
##' Press <- 10^5
##' PAR0 <- 1320 # top canop irradiance, in umol/m2/s
##' Vcmax0_25 <- 40 # Bonan et al., 2012 for the tropcis
##' Clumping <- 0.63 # Clumping index, from Chen etal., 2005 for tropical evergreen forests
##' 
##' LQ <- Func_Light_Partitioning(SZA=SZA,P=Press,PAR=PAR0)
##' Ib0 <- LQ$Model_DV
##' Id0 <- LQ$Model_dV
##' 
##' output <- Func_Canopy_Radiation_Transfer(FLAG=FLAG, SZA=SZA, LAI=LAI, Ib0=Ib0, Id0=Id0, Vcmax0_25=Vcmax0_25, CI=Clumping)
##'
##' @references dePury and Farquhar, 1997; Ryu et al., 2011
##' 
##' @export
##' @author Jin Wu
##' @author Shawn Serbin
##'
Func_Canopy_Radiation_Transfer <- function(FLAG, SZA, LAI, Ib0, Id0, Vcmax0_25, CI) {
  # print(paste(FLAG, SZA, LAI, Ib0, Id0, Vcmax0_25, CI)) # for debugging
  
  ## 1 Sun/shade LAI paritioning
  G <- 0.5  # the parameter used in Depury and Farquhar's model
  kb <- G/cos(SZA/180 * pi)  # extinction coefficient; G refers to G function, could be 0.5 to simplify it
  Lsun <- (1 - exp(-kb * LAI * CI))/kb  # Sun LAI
  Lshade <- LAI - Lsun  # Shade LAI
  
  ## 2 Total irradiance absorbed by the canopy (Eq. 13; dePury and Farquhar, 1997)
  ## -TODO: enable the updadte of the reflectance coefficients
  rocb <- 0.029  # canopy reflection coefficient for beam PAR; assuming it is the same as for diffuse PAR; 0.036 is apparently too low
  rocd <- 0.036  # canopy reflection coefficient for diffuse PAR; assuming it is the same as for beam PAR; 0.036 is apparently too low
  kb1 <- 0.46/cos(SZA/180 * pi)  # beam and scattered beam PAR extinction coefficient
  kd1 <- 0.719  # diffuse and scattered diffuse PAR exintinction coefficient
  Ic <- (1 - rocb) * Ib0 * (1 - exp(-kb1 * LAI * CI)) + (1 - rocd) * Id0 * (1 - 
    exp(-kd1 * LAI * CI))  # canopy-scale irradiance absorbed
  Ic <- (1 - rocb) * Ib0 * (1 - exp(-kb1 * LAI * CI)) + (1 - rocd) * Id0 * (1 - 
    exp(-kd1 * LAI * CI))
  
  ## 3 Calculating sunlit leave irradiance
  sigma <- 0.15  # leaf scattering coefficient of pAR, ro1+tao1; where ro1=0.1 for leaf reflection; tao1=0.05 for leaf transmissivity
  Isun1 <- Ib0 * (1 - sigma) * (1 - exp(-kb * LAI * CI))  # direct beam, sunlit leaves
  Isun2 <- Id0 * (1 - rocd) * (1 - exp(-(kd1 + kb) * LAI * CI)) * kd1/(kd1 + kb)  # diffuse beam, sunlit leaves
  Isun3 <- Ib0 * ((1 - rocb) * (1 - exp(-(kb1 + kb) * LAI * CI)) * kb1/(kb1 + kb) - 
    (1 - sigma) * (1 - exp(-2 * kb * LAI * CI))/2)  # scattering beam absored by sunlit leaves
  Isun <- Isun1 + Isun2 + Isun3  # 
  
  Ishade <- Ic - Isun
  
  ## 4 Photosynthetic capacity of sunlit and shaded leaf fraction Vertical
  ## distribution of leaf-level Vcmax
  if (FLAG == 0) {
    # updated relationship based on the Lloyd et al. 2010, cieted by Bonan et al.
    # 2014
    kn <- exp(0.00963 * Vcmax0_25 - 2.43)
    Vcsun <- CI * Vcmax0_25/(kn + kb. * CI) * (1 - exp(-(kb * CI + kn) * LAI))  # sunlit leaves Vcmax
    Vc <- Vcmax0_25/kn * (1 - exp(-kn * LAI))  # canopy scale vcmax
    Vcshade <- Vc - Vcsun
  } else {
    # updated relationship based on the Mercado et al. 2006
    kn <- 0.1823
    Vcsun <- CI * Vcmax0_25/(kn + kb * CI) * (1 - exp(-(kb * CI + kn) * LAI))  # sunlit leaves Vcmax
    Vc <- Vcmax0_25/kn * (1 - exp(-kn * LAI))  # canopy scale vcmax
    Vcshade <- Vc - Vcsun
  }
  
  
  ## Build output list
  output <- list(PAR0 = Ib0 + Id0, Ib0 = Ib0, Id0 = Id0, Lsun = Lsun, Lshade = Lshade, 
    Ic = Ic, Isun = Isun, Ishade = Ishade, Vc = Vc, Vcsun = Vcsun, Vcshade = Vcshade)
  return(output)
  
}  ## End of Function
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### EOF
TEST-BNL/R-Canopy_Photosynthesis documentation built on May 10, 2017, 3:39 p.m.