RNAseqdata: Import, check and normalization and transformation of RNAseq...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/RNAseqdata.R

Description

RNAseq data in raw counts (integer values) are imported from a .txt file (internally imported using the function read.table), checked or from a R object of class data.frame (see the description of argument file for the required format of data), normalized with respect to library size and tranformed in a log2 scale using variance stabilizing transformation or regularized logarithm.

Usage

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RNAseqdata(file, backgrounddose, check = TRUE, transfo.method = c("rlog", "vst"), 
          transfo.blind = TRUE, round.counts = FALSE)

## S3 method for class 'RNAseqdata'
print(x, ...)
## S3 method for class 'RNAseqdata'
plot(x, ...)

Arguments

file

The name of the .txt file (e.g. "mydata.txt") containing one row per item, with the first column corresponding to the identifier of each item, and the other columns giving the responses of the item for each replicate at each dose or concentration. In the first line, after a name for the identifier column, we must have the tested doses or concentrations in a numeric format for the corresponding replicate (for example, if there are triplicates for each treatment, the first line could be "item", 0, 0, 0, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, etc.). This file is imported within the function using the function read.table with its default field separator (sep argument). Alternatively an R object of class data.frame can be directly given in input, corresponding to the output of read.table(file, header = FALSE) on a file described as above. The two alternatives are illustrated below in examples.

backgrounddose

This argument must be used when there is no dose at zero in the data, to prevent the calculation of the BMD by extrapolation. All doses below or equal to the value given in backgrounddose will be fixed at 0, so as to be considered at the background level of exposition.

check

If TRUE the format of the input file is checked.

transfo.method

The method chosen to transform raw counts in a log2 scale using the DESeq2: "rlog" for regularized logarithm or "vst" for variance stabilizing transformation.

transfo.blind

Argument given to function rlog or vst, see rlog and vst for an explaination, by default at TRUE as in the DESeq2 package .

round.counts

Put it to TRUE if your counts come from Kallisto or Salmon in order to round them before treatment with DESeq2.

x

An object of class "RNAseqdata".

...

further arguments passed to print or plot functions.

Details

This function imports the data, checks their format (see the description of argument file for the required format of data) and gives in the print information that should help the user to check that the coding of data is correct : the tested doses (or concentrations) the number of replicates for each dose, the number of items, the identifiers of the first 20 items. Data are normalized with respect to library size and tranformed using functions rlog or vst of the DESeq2 package depending on the specified method : "rlog" (recommended default choice) or "vst".

Value

RNAseqdata returns an object of class "RNAseqdata", a list with 7 components:

data

the numeric matrix of normalized and transformed responses of each item in each replicate (one line per item, one column per replicate)

dose

the numeric vector of the tested doses or concentrations corresponding to each column of data

item

the character vector of the identifiers of the items, corresponding to each line of data

design

a table with the experimental design (tested doses and number of replicates for each dose) for control by the user

data.mean

the numeric matrix of mean responses of each item per dose (mean of the corresponding replicates) (one line per item, one column per unique value of the dose

transfo.method

The transformation method specified in input

raw.counts

the numeric matrix of non transformed responses (raw counts) of each item in each replicate (one line per item, one column per replicate) before normalization

containsNA

always at FALSE as RNAseq data are not allowed to contain NA values

The print of a RNAseqdata object gives the tested doses (or concentrations) and number of replicates for each dose, the number of items, the identifiers of the first 20 items (for check of good coding of data) and the tranformation method. The plot of a RNAseqdata object shows the data distribution for each dose or concentration and replicate before and after normalization and tranformation.

Author(s)

Marie-Laure Delignette-Muller

References

Love MI, Huber W, and Anders S (2014), Moderated estimation of fold change and dispersion for RNA-seq data with DESeq2. Genome biology, 15(12), 550.

See Also

See read.table the function used to import data, rlog and vst for details about the transformation methods and microarraydata, continuousomicdata and continuousanchoringdata for other types of data.

Examples

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# (1) import, check, normalization and transformation of RNAseq data 
# An example on a subsample of a data set published by Zhou et al. 2017
# Effect on mouse kidney transcriptomes of tetrachloroethylene
# (see ? Zhou for details)
#
datafilename <- system.file("extdata", "RNAseq_sample.txt", package="DRomics")
(o <- RNAseqdata(datafilename, check = TRUE, transfo.method = "vst"))
plot(o, range = 1e6)

# If you want to use your own data set just replace datafilename, 
# the first argument of RNAseqdata(), 
# by the name of your data file (e.g. "mydata.txt")
# 
# You should take care that the field separator of this data file is one
# of the default field separators recognised by the read.table() function
# when it is used with its default field separator (sep argument)
# Tabs are recommended.

# Use of an R object of class data.frame
# below the same example taking a subsample of the data set
# Zhou_kidney_pce (see ?Zhou for details)
data(Zhou_kidney_pce)
subsample <- Zhou_kidney_pce[1:1000, ]
(o <- RNAseqdata(subsample, check = TRUE, transfo.method = "vst"))
plot(o, range = 1e6)


# (2) transformation with two methods on the whole data set

data(Zhou_kidney_pce)

# variance stabilizing tranformation
(o1 <- RNAseqdata(Zhou_kidney_pce, check = TRUE, transfo.method = "vst"))
plot(o1)

# regularized logarithm
(o2 <- RNAseqdata(Zhou_kidney_pce, check = TRUE, transfo.method = "rlog"))
plot(o2)

# variance stabilizing tranformation (blind to the experimental design)
(o3 <- RNAseqdata(Zhou_kidney_pce, check = TRUE, transfo.method = "vst",
      transfo.blind = TRUE))
plot(o3)

# regularized logarithm
(o4 <- RNAseqdata(Zhou_kidney_pce, check = TRUE, transfo.method = "rlog",
      transfo.blind = TRUE))
plot(o4)

aursiber/DRomics documentation built on Nov. 30, 2021, 7:06 a.m.