sparktex: Generate sparktex output

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/sparktex.r

Description

Generate sparktex output for LaTeX from input value

Usage

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sparktex(y, x=NULL, height=1.75, width=NULL,
		type=c("sparkline","sparkspike"),
		color=NULL, linewidth=NULL,
		rectangle=NULL, sparkdot=NULL, 
		normalize=FALSE, catfile="", ...)

Arguments

y

A vector of data values.

x

An optional vector containing horizontal positions of y values. If NULL, evenly spaced positions will be calculated automatically.

height

The height of the sparkplot as a percentage of line height. Default is 1.75, per sparklines documentation.

width

The width of the sparkline. See examples.

type

Either "sparkline" for a lineplot or "sparkspike" for a barplot.

color

Optionally, a two-element character specifying a LaTeX color model and color specification for the sparkline or sparkspikes.

linewidth

An optional value specifying the width of the sparkspikes or the width of the sparkline. No unit is implied, so the user must specify an appropriate unit of measurement.

rectangle

Optionally, a two- or four-element vector specifying the vertical lower and upper bounds of a background rectangle to draw behind the full width of the sparkline (if both values are equal, nothing is drawn) and, optionally, the LaTeX color model and color specification for the rectangles. If only the bounds are specified, the default color model and specification is used ("gray","0.9"). See examples.

sparkdot

An optional argument which, if specified, should consist of a list of three-element vectors, where the elements are - respectively - an x value, a y value, and a color. If specifying sparkdot(s), it is probably best to specify x values to prevent misplacement due to automatic rescaling of x.

normalize

A logical specifying whether y should be rescaled to the dimensions (0,1). If height=1 and normalize=TRUE, the entire sparkline fits within a single LaTeX line. If normalize=FALSE and/or height > 1 (default is 1.75), the sparkline will spillover vertically.

catfile

An optional file where the output should be written. If "" (the default), the output is sent to stdout.

...

Optional arguments passed to cat.

Details

This package can be used to generate the LaTeX markup necessary to display sparklines (lineplots) and sparkspikes (barplots) for the sparklines environment from the “sparklines” LaTeX package. Markup can either be written to stdout, e.g. to incorporate directly in a Sweave or knitr output, or saved to file. The sparklines can be included in LaTeX body text or other environments, e.g., tabular, making it a relatively flexible means of incorporating simple in-text graphics.

Value

A call to sparktex invisibly returns a three-element list containing:

x

A numeric vector of (possibly adjusted) x positions.

y

A numeric vector of (possibly adjusted) y positions.

tex

A character string containing the LaTeX output.

If file is not an emptry string, then the content of tex are written to the file, otherwise the content is sent to stdout.

Note

The sparklines environment is only available with pdflatex. \usepackage{sparklines} must be declared in the LaTeX preamble.

Author(s)

Thomas J. Leeper, with contributions from Andy Barbour

References

For information on the LaTeX sparklines package, see http://www.ctan.org/pkg/sparklines.

Examples

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# Output from all examples included in `sparktex-examples.pdf`

# data for sparklines
vals <- sin(seq(1:10))

# basic sparkline
sparktex(vals)

# a wider sparkline
sparktex(vals, width=40)

# a thicker sparkline
sparktex(vals, linewidth=3)

# a sparkspike/barplot
sparktex(vals, type="sparkspike")

# constrain y to (0,1)
sparktex(vals, normalize=TRUE)

# constrain the sparkline to LaTeX line height
sparktex(vals, height=1)

# a gray background
sparktex(vals, rectangle=c(1,2))

# a colored background
sparktex(vals, rectangle=c(1,2,"rgb","0.5,0.7,0.3"))

# two colored background rectangles
sparktex(vals, rectangle=list(c(1,2,"rgb","0.5,0.7,0.3"), c(-1,0,"rgb","0.2,0.7,0.3")))

# a sparkline with start and end points
sparktex(vals, sparkdot=list(c(0.0864,sin(1),"blue"), c(0.9136,sin(10),"red")))

# a thick purple sparkline
sparktex(vals, linewidth='2px', normalize=TRUE, color=c("named","purple"))

leeper/sparktex documentation built on Oct. 14, 2017, 8:01 a.m.