sdp_supply: Stochastic Dynamic Programming for water supply reservoirs

Description Usage Arguments Value See Also Examples

View source: R/sdp_supply.R

Description

Derives the optimal release policy based on either season and storage level, or season, storage level, and current-period inflow.

Usage

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sdp_supply(Q, capacity, target, surface_area, max_depth, evap, S_disc = 1000,
  R_disc = 10, Q_disc = c(0, 0.2375, 0.475, 0.7125, 0.95, 1),
  loss_exp = 2, S_initial = 1, plot = TRUE, tol = 0.99,
  Markov = FALSE, rep_rrv = FALSE)

Arguments

Q

vector or time series object. Net inflow totals to the reservoir. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters).

capacity

numerical. The reservoir storage capacity. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters).

target

numerical. The target release constant. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters).

surface_area

numerical. The reservoir water surface area at maximum capacity. Recommended units: km^2 (square kilometers).

max_depth

numerical. The maximum water depth of the reservoir at maximum capacity. If omitted, the depth-storage-area relationship will be estimated from surface area and capacity only. Recommended units: meters.

evap

vector or time series object of length Q, or a numerical constant. Evaporation from losses from reservoir surface. Varies with level if depth and surface_area parameters are specified. Recommended units: meters, or kg/m2 * 10 ^ -3.

S_disc

integer. Storage discretization–the number of equally-sized storage states. Default = 1000.

R_disc

integer. Release discretization. Default = 10 divisions.

Q_disc

vector. Inflow discretization bounding quantiles. Defaults to five inflow classes bounded by quantile vector c(0.0, 0.2375, 0.4750, 0.7125, 0.95, 1.0).

loss_exp

numeric. The exponent of the penalty cost function–i.e., Cost[t] <- ((target - release[t]) / target) ^ **loss_exp**). Default value is 2.

S_initial

numeric. The initial storage as a ratio of capacity (0 <= S_initial <= 1). The default value is 1.

plot

logical. If TRUE (the default) the storage behavior diagram and release time series are plotted.

tol

numerical. The tolerance for policy convergence. The default value is 0.990.

Markov

logical. If TRUE the current period inflow is used as a hydrological state variable and inflow persistence is incorporated using a first-order, periodic Markov chain. The default is FALSE.

rep_rrv

logical. If TRUE then reliability, resilience and vulnerability metrics are computed and returned.

Value

Returns a list that includes: the optimal policy as an array of release decisions dependent on storage state, month/season, and current-period inflow class; the Bellman cost function based on storage state, month/season, and inflow class; the optimized release and storage time series through the training inflow data; the flow discretization (which is required if the output is to be implemented in the rrv function); and, if requested, the reliability, resilience, and vulnerability of the system under the optimized policy.

See Also

dp_supply for deterministic Dynamic Programming for water supply reservoirs

Examples

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layout(1:3)
sdp_supply(resX$Q_Mm3, capacity = resX$cap_Mm3, target = 0.3 *mean(resX$Q_Mm3))
sdp_supply(resX$Q_Mm3, capacity = resX$cap_Mm3, target = 0.3 *mean(resX$Q_Mm3), Markov = TRUE)

swd-turner/reservoir documentation built on Sept. 7, 2017, 8:11 p.m.