Description Usage Arguments Value Examples

For simulating a water supply reservoir operated with rolling horizon, adaptive control (Model Predictive Control).

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`Q` |
time series object. Observed reservoir inflow totals. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters). |

`forecast` |
matrix: N * H, where N is the number of forecast-issue periods and H is the forecast horizon (i.e., number of periods) . |

`start_yr` |
the start year of the forecast. If the 'Q' and 'forecast' parameters have the same start year then leave blank. |

`capacity` |
numerical. The reservoir storage capacity. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters). |

`target` |
numerical. The target release constant. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters). |

`surface_area` |
numerical. The reservoir water surface area at maximum capacity. Recommended units: km^2 (square kilometers). |

`max_depth` |
numerical. The maximum water depth of the reservoir at maximum capacity. If omitted, the depth-storage-area relationship will be estimated from surface area and capacity only. Recommended units: meters. |

`evap` |
time series object of equal length to Q, vector of length frequency(Q), or numerical constant. Evaporation from losses from reservoir surface. Varies with level if depth and surface_area parameters are specified. Recommended units: meters, or kg/m2 * 10 ^ -3. |

`R_max` |
numerical. The maximum controlled release. |

`spill_targ` |
numerical. The quantile of the inflow time series used to standardise the "minimise spill" objective. |

`vol_targ` |
numerical. The target storage volume constant (as proportion of capacity). |

`weights` |
vector of length 3 indicating weighting to be applied to release, spill and water level objectives respectively. |

`S_disc` |
integer. Storage discretization–the number of equally-sized storage states. Default = 1000. |

`R_disc` |
integer. Release discretization. Default = 10 divisions. |

`Q_disc` |
vector. Inflow discretization bounding quantiles. Defaults to five inflow classes bounded by quantile vector c(0.0, 0.2375, 0.4750, 0.7125, 0.95, 1.0). |

`loss_exp` |
vector of length 3 indicating the exponents on release, spill and water level deviations from target. Default exponents are c(2,2,2). |

`S_initial` |
numeric. The initial storage as a ratio of capacity (0 <= S_initial <= 1). The default value is 1. |

`plot` |
logical. If TRUE (the default) the storage behavior diagram and release time series are plotted. |

Returns a list of reservoir variables as time series for the forecast period. Also returns penalty cost during operating period and cost savings relative to operations without forecasts.

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