Description Usage Arguments Value Examples

For simulating a water supply reservoir operated with rolling horizon, adaptive control (Model Predictive Control).

1 2 3 4 | ```
simcast_hydro(Q, forecast, start_yr, capacity, capacity_live = capacity,
surface_area, max_depth, evap, installed_cap, head, qmax, efficiency = 0.9,
S_disc = 1000, R_disc = 10, Q_disc = c(0, 0.2375, 0.475, 0.7125, 0.95,
1), S_initial = 1, plot = TRUE)
``` |

`Q` |
time series object. Observed reservoir inflow totals. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters). |

`forecast` |
matrix: N * H, where N is the number of forecast-issue periods and H is the forecast horizon (i.e., number of periods) . |

`start_yr` |
the start year of the forecast. If the 'Q' and 'forecast' parameters have the same start year then leave blank. |

`capacity` |
numerical. The reservoir storage capacity. Recommended units: Mm^3 (Million cubic meters). |

`capacity_live` |
numerical. The volume of usable water in the reservoir ("live capacity" or "active storage"). capacity_live <= capacity. Default capacity_live = capacity. Must be in Mm^3. |

`surface_area` |
numerical. The reservoir water surface area at maximum capacity. Recommended units: km^2 (square kilometers). |

`max_depth` |
numerical. The maximum water depth of the reservoir at maximum capacity. If omitted, the depth-storage-area relationship will be estimated from surface area and capacity only. Recommended units: meters. |

`evap` |
time series object of equal length to Q, vector of length frequency(Q), or numerical constant. Evaporation from losses from reservoir surface. Varies with level if depth and surface_area parameters are specified. Recommended units: meters, or kg/m2 * 10 ^ -3. |

`installed_cap` |
numerical. The hydropower plant electric capacity (MW). |

`head` |
numerical. The maximum hydraulic head of the hydropower plant (m). Can be omitted if qmax is supplied. |

`qmax` |
numerical. The maximum flow into the hydropower plant. Can be omitted and estimated if head is supplied. Must be in volumetric units of Mm^3. |

`efficiency` |
numerical. The hydropower plant efficiency. Default is 0.9, but, unless user specifies an efficiency, it will be automatically re-estimated if head and qmax are supplied. |

`S_disc` |
integer. Storage discretization–the number of equally-sized storage states. Default = 1000. |

`R_disc` |
integer. Release discretization. Default = 10 divisions. |

`Q_disc` |
vector. Inflow discretization bounding quantiles. Defaults to five inflow classes bounded by quantile vector c(0.0, 0.2375, 0.4750, 0.7125, 0.95, 1.0). |

`S_initial` |
numeric. The initial storage as a ratio of capacity (0 <= S_initial <= 1). The default value is 1. |

`plot` |
logical. If TRUE (the default) the storage behavior diagram and release time series are plotted. |

Returns a list of reservoir variables as time series for the forecast period. Also returns penalty cost during operating period and cost savings relative to operations without forecasts.

1 2 3 4 5 6 |

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