catchCurve: Catch curve

Description Usage Arguments Details Value References Examples

View source: R/catchCurve.R

Description

This function applies the (length-converted) linearised catch curve to age composition and length-frequency data, respectively. It allows to estimate the instantaneous total mortality rate (Z). Optionally, the gear selectivity can be estimated and the cumulative catch curve cna be applied.

Usage

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catchCurve(param, catch_columns = NA, cumulative = FALSE,
  calc_ogive = FALSE, reg_int = NULL, reg_num = 1, auto = FALSE,
  plot = TRUE)

Arguments

param

a list consisting of following parameters:

  • midLengths or age: midpoints of the length classes (length-frequency data) or ages (age composition data),

  • Linf: infinite length for investigated species in cm [cm],

  • K: growth coefficent for investigated species per year [1/year],

  • t0: theoretical time zero, at which individuals of this species hatch,

  • catch: catches, vector or matrix with catches of subsequent years if the catch curve with constat time intervals should be applied;

catch_columns

numerical; indicating the column of the catch matrix which should be used for the analysis.

cumulative

logical; if TRUE the cumulative catch curve is applied (Jones and van Zalinge method)

calc_ogive

logical; if TRUE the selection ogive is additionally calculated from the catch curve (only if cumulative = FALSE)

reg_int

instead of using the identity method a range can be determined, which is to be used for the regression analysis. If equal to NULL identity method is applied (default). For multiple regression lines provide list with the two points for the regression line in each element of the list.

reg_num

integer indicating how many separate regression lines should be applied to the data. Default 1.

auto

logical; no interactive functions used instead regression line is chosen automatically. Default = FALSE

plot

logical; should a plot be displayed? Default = TRUE

Details

This function includes the identify function, which asks you to choose two points from a graph manually. The two points which you choose by clicking on the plot in the graphical device represent the start and end of the data points, which should be used for the analysis. Based on these points the regression line is calculated. When the selection ogive is calculated by means of the catch curve the assumption is made, that Z is constant for all year classes or length groups, respectively. Accoring to Sparre and Venema (1998) this assumption might be true, because F is smaller for young fish (Selectivity) while M is higher for young fish (high natural mortality). The selectivity for not fully exploited old fish (e.g. due to gillnet fishery) can not be calculated yet by use of the catch curve. Based on the format of the list argument catch and whether the argument catch_columns is defined, the function automatically distinguishes between the catch curve with variable parameter system (if catch is a vector) and the one with constant parameter system (if catch is a matrix or a data.frame and catch_columns = NA). In the case of the variable parameter system the catches of one year are assumed to represent the catches during the entire life span of a so called pseudo-cohort. The cumulative catch curve does not allow for the estimation of the selectivity ogive.

Value

A list with the input parameters and following list objects:

in case calc_ogive == TRUE, additionally:

References

Baranov, F.I., 1926. On the question of the dynamics of the fishing industry. Nauchn. Byull. Rybn. Khoz, 8 (1925), 7-11

Beverton, R.J.H. and S.J. Holt, 1956. A review of methods for estimating mortality rates in exploited fish populations, with special reference to sources of bias in catch sampling. Rapports et Proces verbaux des Reunions, Conseil Table3

Chapman, D., and D.S Robson, 1960. The analysis of a catch curve. Biometrics, 354-368

Edser, T., 1908. Note on the number of plaice at each length, in certain samples from the southern part of the North Sea, 1906. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 686-690

Heincke, F., 1913. Investigations on the plaice. General report. 1. The plaice fishery and protective regulations. Part I. Rapp.P.-v.Reun.CIEM, 17A:1-153 + Annexes

ICES, 1981. Report of the Ad hoc working group on the use of effort data in assessment, Copenhagen, 2-6 March 1981. ICES C.M. 1981/G:5 (mimeo)

Jones, R., and N.P. Van Zalinge, 1981. Estimates of mortality rate and population size for shrimp in Kuwait waters. Kuwait Bull. Mar. Sci, 2, 273-288

Pauly, D., 1983. Length-converted catch curves: a powerful tool for fisheries research in the tropics (part I). ICLARM Fishbyte, 1(2), 9-13

Pauly, D., 1984. Length-converted catch curves: a powerful tool for fisheries research in the tropics (part II). ICLARM Fishbyte, 2(1), 17-19

Pauly, D., 1984. Length-converted catch curves: a powerful tool for fisheries research in the tropics (III: Conclusion). ICLARM Fishbyte, 2(3), 9-10

Ricker, W.E., 1987. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bull.Fish.Res.Board Can., (191):382 p.

Robson, D.S., and D.G. Chapman, 1961. Catch curves and mortality rates. Trans.Am.Fish.Soc., 90(2):181-189

Sparre, P., Venema, S.C., 1998. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. Part 1. Manual. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, (306.1, Rev. 2). 407 p.

Van Sickle, J. 1977. Mortality rates from size distributions: the application of a conservation law. Oecologia, Berl., 27(4):311-318

Examples

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#_______________________________________________
# Variable paramter system (with catch vector)
# based on length frequency data
data(goatfish)
output <- catchCurve(goatfish)
summary(output$linear_mod)

# based on age composition data
data(whiting)
catchCurve(whiting, catch_columns = 1)

#_______________________________________________
# Constant parameter system based on age composition data (with catch matrix)
catchCurve(whiting)

#_______________________________________________
# Cumulative Catch Curve
# based on length frequency data
data(goatfish)
catchCurve(goatfish, cumulative = TRUE)

# based on age composition data
data(synCAA2)
catchCurve(synCAA2, cumulative = TRUE)

#_______________________________________________
# Catch Curve with estimation of selection ogive
data(synLFQ3)
output <- catchCurve(synLFQ3, calc_ogive = TRUE)
summary(output$linear_mod_sel)
 

# the same with predefined selection for regression line:
output <- catchCurve(synLFQ3, calc_ogive = TRUE, reg_int = c(9,21))
plot(output, plot_selec = TRUE)

tokami/TropFishR documentation built on Aug. 24, 2018, 11:31 p.m.