# Levels of Measurement of Survey Items

### Description

The measurement level of a `"item"`

object, which is one of "nominal", "ordinal", "interval", "ratio",
determines what happens to it, if it or the `data.set`

containing it is coerced into a `data.frame`

.
If the level of measurement level is "nominal", the it will be
converted into an (unordered) factor, if the level of measurement is "ordinal",
the item will be converted into an ordered vector. If the measurement
is "interval" or "ratio", the item will be converted into a numerical vector.

### Usage

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | ```
## S4 method for signature 'item'
measurement(x)
## S4 replacement method for signature 'item'
measurement(x) <- value
is.nominal(x)
is.ordinal(x)
is.interval(x)
is.ratio(x)
``` |

### Arguments

`x` |
an object, usually of class |

`value` |
a character string; either "nominal", "ordinal", "interval", or "ratio". |

### Value

`measurement(x)`

returns a character string.
`is.nominal`

, `is.ordinal`

, `is.interval`

, `is.ratio`

return a logical value.

### References

Stevens, Stanley S. 1946. "On the theory of scales of measurement." *Science* 103: 677-680.

### See Also

`data.set`

, `item`

### Examples

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | ```
answer <- sample(c(1,2,3,8,9),size=30,replace=TRUE)
labels(answer) <- c(Conservatives = 1,
Labour = 2,
"Liberal Democrats" = 3,
"Don't know" = 8,
"Answer refused" = 9
)
missing.values(answer) <- c(8,9)
as.data.frame(answer)[[1]]
measurement(answer) <- "interval"
as.data.frame(answer)[[1]]
``` |