BCI: Barro Colorado Island Tree Counts

Description Usage Format Details Source References Examples


Tree counts in 1-hectare plots in the Barro Colorado Island and associated site information.




A data frame with 50 plots (rows) of 1 hectare with counts of trees on each plot with total of 225 species (columns). Full Latin names are used for tree species. The names were updated against http://www.theplantlist.org in Jan 2014 (see ChangeLog 2.1-41 for details) which allows matching 206 of species against http://datadryad.org/resource/doi:10.5061/dryad.63q27 (Zanne et al., 2014).

For BCI.env, a data frame with 50 plots (rows) and six site variables:


UTM coordinates (zone 17N) East-West


UTM coordinates (zone 17N) North-South


Precipitation in mm per year


Elevation in m above sea level


Forest age category


The Underlying geological formation


Data give the numbers of trees at least 10 cm in diameter at breast height (1.3 m above the ground) in each one hectare square of forest. Within each one hectare square, all individuals of all species were tallied and are recorded in this table.

The data frame contains only the Barro Colorado Island subset of the original data.

The quadrats are located in a regular grid. See BCI.env for the coordinates.

A full description of the site information in BCI.env is given in Pyke et al (2001)




Condit, R, Pitman, N, Leigh, E.G., Chave, J., Terborgh, J., Foster, R.B., Nuñez, P., Aguilar, S., Valencia, R., Villa, G., Muller-Landau, H.C., Losos, E. & Hubbell, S.P. (2002). Beta-diversity in tropical forest trees. Science 295, 666–669.

Zanne A.E., Tank D.C., Cornwell, W.K., Eastman J.M., Smith, S.A., FitzJohn, R.G., McGlinn, D.J., O’Meara, B.C., Moles, A.T., Reich, P.B., Royer, D.L., Soltis, D.E., Stevens, P.F., Westoby, M., Wright, I.J., Aarssen, L., Bertin, R.I., Calaminus, A., Govaerts, R., Hemmings, F., Leishman, M.R., Oleksyn, J., Soltis, P.S., Swenson, N.G., Warman, L. & Beaulieu, J.M. (2014) Three keys to the radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments. Nature doi:10.1038/nature12872 (published online Dec 22, 2013).

Pyke, C. R., Condit, R., Aguilar, S., & Lao, S. (2001). Floristic composition across a climatic gradient in a neotropical lowland forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 12, 553–566. doi:10.2307/3237007



Search within the vegan package
Search all R packages, documentation and source code

Questions? Problems? Suggestions? or email at ian@mutexlabs.com.

Please suggest features or report bugs with the GitHub issue tracker.

All documentation is copyright its authors; we didn't write any of that.