diffSpliceDGE: Test for Differential Exon Usage

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) Examples

View source: R/diffSpliceDGE.R

Description

Given a negative binomial generalized log-linear model fit at the exon level, test for differential exon usage between experimental conditions.

Usage

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diffSpliceDGE(glmfit, coef=ncol(glmfit$design), contrast=NULL, geneid, exonid=NULL,
              prior.count=0.125, verbose=TRUE)

Arguments

glmfit

an DGEGLM fitted model object produced by glmFit or glmQLFit. Rows should correspond to exons.

coef

integer indicating which coefficient of the generalized linear model is to be tested for differential exon usage. Defaults to the last coefficient.

contrast

numeric vector specifying the contrast of the linear model coefficients to be tested for differential exon usage. Length must equal to the number of columns of design. If specified, then takes precedence over coef.

geneid

gene identifiers. Either a vector of length nrow(glmfit) or the name of the column of glmfit$genes containing the gene identifiers. Rows with the same ID are assumed to belong to the same gene.

exonid

exon identifiers. Either a vector of length nrow(glmfit) or the name of the column of glmfit$genes containing the exon identifiers.

prior.count

average prior count to be added to observation to shrink the estimated log-fold-changes towards zero.

verbose

logical, if TRUE some diagnostic information about the number of genes and exons is output.

Details

This function tests for differential exon usage for each gene for a given coefficient of the generalized linear model.

Testing for differential exon usage is equivalent to testing whether the exons in each gene have the same log-fold-changes as the other exons in the same gene. At exon-level, the log-fold-change of each exon is compared to the log-fold-change of the entire gene which contains that exon. At gene-level, two different tests are provided. One is converting exon-level p-values to gene-level p-values by the Simes method. The other is using exon-level test statistics to conduct gene-level tests.

Value

diffSpliceDGE produces an object of class DGELRT containing the component design from glmfit plus the following new components:

comparison

character string describing the coefficient being tested.

coefficients

numeric vector of coefficients on the natural log scale. Each coefficient is the difference between the log-fold-change for that exon versus the log-fold-change for the entire gene which contains that exon.

genes

data.frame of exon annotation.

genecolname

character string giving the name of the column of genes containing gene IDs.

exoncolname

character string giving the name of the column of genes containing exon IDs.

exon.df.test

numeric vector of testing degrees of freedom for exons.

exon.p.value

numeric vector of p-values for exons.

gene.df.test

numeric vector of testing degrees of freedom for genes.

gene.p.value

numeric vector of gene-level testing p-values.

gene.Simes.p.value

numeric vector of Simes' p-values for genes.

gene.genes

data.frame of gene annotation.

Some components of the output depend on whether glmfit is produced by glmFit or glmQLFit. If glmfit is produced by glmFit, then the following components are returned in the output object:

exon.LR

numeric vector of LR-statistics for exons.

gene.LR

numeric vector of LR-statistics for gene-level test.

If glmfit is produced by glmQLFit, then the following components are returned in the output object:

exon.F

numeric vector of F-statistics for exons.

gene.df.prior

numeric vector of prior degrees of freedom for genes.

gene.df.residual

numeric vector of residual degrees of freedom for genes.

gene.F

numeric vector of F-statistics for gene-level test.

The information and testing results for both exons and genes are sorted by geneid and by exonid within gene.

Author(s)

Yunshun Chen and Gordon Smyth

Examples

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# Gene exon annotation
Gene <- paste("Gene", 1:100, sep="")
Gene <- rep(Gene, each=10)
Exon <- paste("Ex", 1:10, sep="")
Gene.Exon <- paste(Gene, Exon, sep=".")
genes <- data.frame(GeneID=Gene, Gene.Exon=Gene.Exon)

group <- factor(rep(1:2, each=3))
design <- model.matrix(~group)
mu <- matrix(100, nrow=1000, ncol=6)
# knock-out the first exon of Gene1 by 90%
mu[1,4:6] <- 10
# generate exon counts
counts <- matrix(rnbinom(6000,mu=mu,size=20),1000,6)

y <- DGEList(counts=counts, lib.size=rep(1e6,6), genes=genes)
gfit <- glmFit(y, design, dispersion=0.05)

ds <- diffSpliceDGE(gfit, geneid="GeneID")
topSpliceDGE(ds)
plotSpliceDGE(ds)

edgeR documentation built on Nov. 1, 2018, 4:13 a.m.