dbWithTransaction: Self-contained SQL transactions

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Specification Examples

Description

Given that transactions are implemented, this function allows you to pass in code that is run in a transaction. The default method of dbWithTransaction() calls dbBegin() before executing the code, and dbCommit() after successful completion, or dbRollback() in case of an error. The advantage is that you don't have to remember to do dbBegin() and dbCommit() or dbRollback() – that is all taken care of. The special function dbBreak() allows an early exit with rollback, it can be called only inside dbWithTransaction().

\Sexpr[results=rd,stage=render]{DBI:::methods_as_rd("dbWithTransaction")}

Usage

1
2
3
dbWithTransaction(conn, code, ...)

dbBreak()

Arguments

conn

A DBIConnection object, as returned by dbConnect().

code

An arbitrary block of R code.

...

Other parameters passed on to methods.

Details

DBI implements dbWithTransaction(), backends should need to override this generic only if they implement specialized handling.

Value

dbWithTransaction() returns the value of the executed code. Failure to initiate the transaction (e.g., if the connection is closed or invalid of if dbBegin() has been called already) gives an error.

Specification

dbWithTransaction() initiates a transaction with dbBegin(), executes the code given in the code argument, and commits the transaction with dbCommit(). If the code raises an error, the transaction is instead aborted with dbRollback(), and the error is propagated. If the code calls dbBreak(), execution of the code stops and the transaction is silently aborted. All side effects caused by the code (such as the creation of new variables) propagate to the calling environment.

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
con <- dbConnect(RSQLite::SQLite(), ":memory:")

dbWriteTable(con, "cash", data.frame(amount = 100))
dbWriteTable(con, "account", data.frame(amount = 2000))

# All operations are carried out as logical unit:
dbWithTransaction(
  con,
  {
    withdrawal <- 300
    dbExecute(con, "UPDATE cash SET amount = amount + ?", list(withdrawal))
    dbExecute(con, "UPDATE account SET amount = amount - ?", list(withdrawal))
  }
)

# The code is executed as if in the curent environment:
withdrawal

# The changes are committed to the database after successful execution:
dbReadTable(con, "cash")
dbReadTable(con, "account")

# Rolling back with dbBreak():
dbWithTransaction(
  con,
  {
    withdrawal <- 5000
    dbExecute(con, "UPDATE cash SET amount = amount + ?", list(withdrawal))
    dbExecute(con, "UPDATE account SET amount = amount - ?", list(withdrawal))
    if (dbReadTable(con, "account")$amount < 0) {
      dbBreak()
    }
  }
)

# These changes were not committed to the database:
dbReadTable(con, "cash")
dbReadTable(con, "account")

dbDisconnect(con)

Example output

[1] 1
[1] 300
  amount
1    400
  amount
1   1700
  amount
1    400
  amount
1   1700

DBI documentation built on May 2, 2018, 5:04 p.m.