Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/ciNparConfLevel.R

Compute the confidence level associated with a nonparametric confidence interval for a quantile, given the sample size and order statistics associated with the lower and upper bounds.

1 2 3 | ```
ciNparConfLevel(n, p = 0.5, lcl.rank = ifelse(ci.type == "upper", 0, 1),
n.plus.one.minus.ucl.rank = ifelse(ci.type == "lower", 0, 1),
ci.type = "two.sided")
``` |

`n` |
numeric vector of sample sizes.
Missing ( |

`p` |
numeric vector of probabilities specifying which quantiles to consider for
the sample size calculation. All values of |

`lcl.rank, n.plus.one.minus.ucl.rank` |
numeric vectors of non-negative integers indicating the ranks of the
order statistics that are used for the lower and upper bounds of the
confidence interval for the specified quantile(s). When |

`ci.type` |
character string indicating what kind of confidence interval to compute. The
possible values are |

If the arguments `n`

, `p`

, `lcl.rank`

, and
`n.plus.one.minus.ucl.rank`

are not all the same length, they are
replicated to be the
same length as the length of the longest argument.

The help file for `eqnpar`

explains how nonparametric confidence
intervals for quantiles are constructed and how the confidence level
associated with the confidence interval is computed based on specified values
for the sample size and the ranks of the order statistics used for
the bounds of the confidence interval.

A numeric vector of confidence levels.

See the help file for `eqnpar`

.

Steven P. Millard ([email protected])

See the help file for `eqnpar`

.

`eqnpar`

, `ciNparN`

,
`plotCiNparDesign`

.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 | ```
# Look at how the confidence level of a nonparametric confidence interval
# increases with increasing sample size for a fixed quantile:
seq(5, 25, by = 5)
#[1] 5 10 15 20 25
round(ciNparConfLevel(n = seq(5, 25, by = 5), p = 0.9), 2)
#[1] 0.41 0.65 0.79 0.88 0.93
#---------
# Look at how the confidence level of a nonparametric confidence interval
# decreases as the quantile moves away from 0.5:
seq(0.5, 0.9, by = 0.1)
#[1] 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
round(ciNparConfLevel(n = 10, p = seq(0.5, 0.9, by = 0.1)), 2)
#[1] 1.00 0.99 0.97 0.89 0.65
#==========
# Reproduce Example 21-6 on pages 21-21 to 21-22 of USEPA (2009).
# Use 12 measurements of nitrate (mg/L) at a well used for drinking water
# to determine with 95% confidence whether or not the infant-based, acute
# risk standard of 10 mg/L has been violated. Assume that the risk
# standard represents an upper 95'th percentile limit on nitrate
# concentrations. So what we need to do is construct a one-sided
# lower nonparametric confidence interval for the 95'th percentile
# that has associated confidence level of no more than 95%, and we will
# compare the lower confidence limit with the MCL of 10 mg/L.
#
# The data for this example are stored in EPA.09.Ex.21.6.nitrate.df.
# Look at the data:
#------------------
EPA.09.Ex.21.6.nitrate.df
# Sampling.Date Date Nitrate.mg.per.l.orig Nitrate.mg.per.l Censored
#1 7/28/1999 1999-07-28 <5.0 5.0 TRUE
#2 9/3/1999 1999-09-03 12.3 12.3 FALSE
#3 11/24/1999 1999-11-24 <5.0 5.0 TRUE
#4 5/3/2000 2000-05-03 <5.0 5.0 TRUE
#5 7/14/2000 2000-07-14 8.1 8.1 FALSE
#6 10/31/2000 2000-10-31 <5.0 5.0 TRUE
#7 12/14/2000 2000-12-14 11 11.0 FALSE
#8 3/27/2001 2001-03-27 35.1 35.1 FALSE
#9 6/13/2001 2001-06-13 <5.0 5.0 TRUE
#10 9/16/2001 2001-09-16 <5.0 5.0 TRUE
#11 11/26/2001 2001-11-26 9.3 9.3 FALSE
#12 3/2/2002 2002-03-02 10.3 10.3 FALSE
# Determine what order statistic to use for the lower confidence limit
# in order to achieve no more than 95% confidence.
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
conf.levels <- ciNparConfLevel(n = 12, p = 0.95, lcl.rank = 1:12,
ci.type = "lower")
names(conf.levels) <- 1:12
round(conf.levels, 2)
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
#1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.98 0.88 0.54
# Using the 11'th largest observation for the lower confidence limit
# yields a confidence level of 88%. Using the 10'th largest
# observation yields a confidence level of 98%. The example in
# USEPA (2009) uses the 10'th largest observation.
#
# The 10'th largest observation is 11 mg/L which exceeds the
# MCL of 10 mg/L, so there is evidence of contamination.
#--------------------------------------------------------------------
with(EPA.09.Ex.21.6.nitrate.df,
eqnpar(Nitrate.mg.per.l, p = 0.95, ci = TRUE,
ci.type = "lower", lcl.rank = 10))
#Results of Distribution Parameter Estimation
#--------------------------------------------
#
#Assumed Distribution: None
#
#Estimated Quantile(s): 95'th %ile = 22.56
#
#Quantile Estimation Method: Nonparametric
#
#Data: Nitrate.mg.per.l
#
#Sample Size: 12
#
#Confidence Interval for: 95'th %ile
#
#Confidence Interval Method: exact
#
#Confidence Interval Type: lower
#
#Confidence Level: 98.04317%
#
#Confidence Limit Rank(s): 10
#
#Confidence Interval: LCL = 11
# UCL = Inf
#==========
# Clean up
#---------
rm(conf.levels)
``` |

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