setConstructorS3: Defines a class in S3/UseMethod style

Description Usage Arguments A constructor must be callable without arguments Code validation Author(s) See Also Examples

Description

Defines a class in R.oo/S3 style. What this function currently does is simply creating a constructor function for the class.

Usage

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## Default S3 method:
setConstructorS3(name, definition, private=FALSE, protected=FALSE, export=TRUE,
  static=FALSE, abstract=FALSE, trial=FALSE, deprecated=FALSE, envir=parent.frame(),
  enforceRCC=TRUE, ...)

Arguments

name

The name of the class.

definition

The constructor defintion. Note: The constructor must be able to be called with no arguments, i.e. use default values for all arguments or make sure you use missing() or similar!

static

If TRUE this class is defined to be static, otherwise not. Currently this has no effect expect as an indicator.

abstract

If TRUE this class is defined to be abstract, otherwise not. Currently this has no effect expect as an indicator.

private

If TRUE this class is defined to be private.

protected

If TRUE this class is defined to be protected.

export

A logical setting attribute "export".

trial

If TRUE this class is defined to be a trial class, otherwise not. A trial class is a class that is introduced to be tried out and it might be modified, replaced or even removed in a future release. Some people prefer to call trial versions, beta version. Currently this has no effect expect as an indicator.

deprecated

If TRUE this class is defined to be deprecated, otherwise not. Currently this has no effect expect as an indicator.

envir

The environment for where the class (constructor function) should be stored.

enforceRCC

If TRUE, only class names following the R Coding Convention is accepted. If the RCC is violated an RccViolationException is thrown.

...

Not used.

Note: If a constructor is not declared to be private nor protected, it will be declared to be public.

A constructor must be callable without arguments

The requirement that a constructor function should be callable without arguments (e.g. MyConstructor()) is because that call is used to create the static instance of a class. The reason for this is that a static instance of the class is created automatically when the constructor is called the first time (only), that is, when the first of object of that class is created. All classes have to have a static instance.

To make a constructor callable without arguments, one can either make sure all arguments have default values or one can test for missing arguments using missing(). For instance the following defintion is not correct: setConstructorS3("Foo", function(x) extend(Object(), "Foo", x=x)) whereas this one is setConstructorS3("Foo", function(x=NA) extend(Object(), "Foo", x=x))

Code validation

If argument enforceRCC is TRUE, the class name is validated so it starts with a letter and it also gives a warning if its first letter is not captial. The reason for this is to enforce a naming convention that names classes with upper-case initial letters and methods with lower-case initial letters (this is also the case in for instance Java).

Author(s)

Henrik Bengtsson

See Also

To define a method see setMethodS3. For information about the R Coding Conventions, see RccViolationException. For a thorough example of how to use this method see Object.

Examples

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## Not run: For a complete example see help(Object).

R.oo documentation built on April 22, 2018, 9:03 a.m.