ape-package: Analyses of Phylogenetics and Evolution

ape-packageR Documentation

Analyses of Phylogenetics and Evolution


ape provides functions for reading, writing, manipulating, analysing, and simulating phylogenetic trees and DNA sequences, computing DNA distances, translating into AA sequences, estimating trees with distance-based methods, and a range of methods for comparative analyses and analysis of diversification. Functionalities are also provided for programming new phylogenetic methods.

The complete list of functions can be displayed with library(help = ape).

More information on ape can be found at http://ape-package.ird.fr/.


Emmanuel Paradis, Ben Bolker, Julien Claude, Hoa Sien Cuong, Richard Desper, Benoit Durand, Julien Dutheil, Olivier Gascuel, Christoph Heibl, Daniel Lawson, Vincent Lefort, Pierre Legendre, Jim Lemon, Yvonnick Noel, Johan Nylander, Rainer Opgen-Rhein, Andrei-Alin Popescu, Klaus Schliep, Korbinian Strimmer, Damien de Vienne

Maintainer: Emmanuel Paradis <Emmanuel.Paradis@ird.fr>


Paradis, E. (2012) Analysis of Phylogenetics and Evolution with R (Second Edition). New York: Springer.

Paradis, E., Claude, J. and Strimmer, K. (2004) APE: analyses of phylogenetics and evolution in R language. Bioinformatics, 20, 289–290.

Popescu, A.-A., Huber, K. T. and Paradis, E. (2012) ape 3.0: new tools for distance based phylogenetics and evolutionary analysis in R. Bioinformatics, 28, 1536–1537.

Paradis, E. and Schliep, K. (2019) ape 5.0: an environment for modern phylogenetics and evolutionary analyses in R. Bioinformatics, 35, 526–528.

ape documentation built on March 31, 2023, 6:56 p.m.