RecordBatchWriter: RecordBatchWriter classes

RecordBatchWriterR Documentation

RecordBatchWriter classes

Description

Apache Arrow defines two formats for serializing data for interprocess communication (IPC): a "stream" format and a "file" format, known as Feather. RecordBatchStreamWriter and RecordBatchFileWriter are interfaces for writing record batches to those formats, respectively.

For guidance on how to use these classes, see the examples section.

Factory

The RecordBatchFileWriter$create() and RecordBatchStreamWriter$create() factory methods instantiate the object and take the following arguments:

  • sink An OutputStream

  • schema A Schema for the data to be written

  • use_legacy_format logical: write data formatted so that Arrow libraries versions 0.14 and lower can read it. Default is FALSE. You can also enable this by setting the environment variable ARROW_PRE_0_15_IPC_FORMAT=1.

  • metadata_version: A string like "V5" or the equivalent integer indicating the Arrow IPC MetadataVersion. Default (NULL) will use the latest version, unless the environment variable ARROW_PRE_1_0_METADATA_VERSION=1, in which case it will be V4.

Methods

  • $write(x): Write a RecordBatch, Table, or data.frame, dispatching to the methods below appropriately

  • $write_batch(batch): Write a RecordBatch to stream

  • $write_table(table): Write a Table to stream

  • $close(): close stream. Note that this indicates end-of-file or end-of-stream–it does not close the connection to the sink. That needs to be closed separately.

See Also

write_ipc_stream() and write_feather() provide a much simpler interface for writing data to these formats and are sufficient for many use cases. write_to_raw() is a version that serializes data to a buffer.

Examples

tf <- tempfile()
on.exit(unlink(tf))

batch <- record_batch(chickwts)

# This opens a connection to the file in Arrow
file_obj <- FileOutputStream$create(tf)
# Pass that to a RecordBatchWriter to write data conforming to a schema
writer <- RecordBatchFileWriter$create(file_obj, batch$schema)
writer$write(batch)
# You may write additional batches to the stream, provided that they have
# the same schema.
# Call "close" on the writer to indicate end-of-file/stream
writer$close()
# Then, close the connection--closing the IPC message does not close the file
file_obj$close()

# Now, we have a file we can read from. Same pattern: open file connection,
# then pass it to a RecordBatchReader
read_file_obj <- ReadableFile$create(tf)
reader <- RecordBatchFileReader$create(read_file_obj)
# RecordBatchFileReader knows how many batches it has (StreamReader does not)
reader$num_record_batches
# We could consume the Reader by calling $read_next_batch() until all are,
# consumed, or we can call $read_table() to pull them all into a Table
tab <- reader$read_table()
# Call as.data.frame to turn that Table into an R data.frame
df <- as.data.frame(tab)
# This should be the same data we sent
all.equal(df, chickwts, check.attributes = FALSE)
# Unlike the Writers, we don't have to close RecordBatchReaders,
# but we do still need to close the file connection
read_file_obj$close()

arrow documentation built on Dec. 6, 2022, 5:10 p.m.