R/mcintegrate.R

Defines functions mcint2 mcint

Documented in mcint mcint2

## Copyright (c) 2016, James P. Howard, II <[email protected]>
##
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#' @name mcint
#' @rdname mcint
#'
#' @title Monte Carlo Integration
#'
#' @description
#' Simple Monte Carlo Integraton
#'
#' @param f function to integrate
#' @param a the lower-bound of integration
#' @param b the upper-bound of integration
#' @param xdom the domain on \code{x} of integration in two dimensions
#' @param ydom the domain on \code{y} of integration in two dimensions
#' @param m the number of subintervals to calculate
#'
#' @details
#' The \code{mcint} function uses a simple Monte Carlo algorithm to
#' estimate the value of an integral.  The parameter \code{n} sets the
#' total number of evaluation points.  The parameter \code{max.y} is the
#' maximum expected value of the range of function \code{f}.  The
#' \code{mcint2} provides Monte Carlo integration in two dimensions.
#'
#' @return the value of the integral
#'
#' @family integration
#'
#' @examples
#' f <- function(x) { sin(x)^2 + log(x)}
#' mcint(f, 0, 1)
#' mcint(f, 0, 1, m = 10e6)
#'
#' @importFrom stats runif
#'
#' @export
mcint <- function(f, a, b, m = 1000) {
  x <- runif(m, min = a, max = b)
  
  y.hat <- f(x)
  area <- (b - a) * sum(y.hat) / m
  return(area)
}

#' @rdname mcint
#' @export
mcint2 <- function(f, xdom, ydom, m = 1000) {
    xmin <- min(xdom)
    xmax <- max(xdom)
    ymin <- min(ydom)
    ymax <- max(ydom)

    x <- runif(m, min = xmin, max = xmax)
    y <- runif(m, min = ymin, max = ymax)

    z.hat <- f(x, y)
    V = (xmax - xmin) * (ymax - ymin)
    volume = V * sum(z.hat) / m
    return(volume)
}

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cmna documentation built on June 20, 2017, 9:08 a.m.