dataf.population: World Historical Population-by-Country Dataset

Description Usage Format Details Source See Also Examples

View source: R/dataf.population.r

Description

Historical world population data by countries.

Usage

1

Format

The functional data as a data structure.

dataf

The functional data as a list of objects. Each object is characterized by two coordinates

args

year - a numeric vector of years 1950-2015 (66 years)

vals

population - a numeric vector of the estimated total population in thousands in 233 countries and regions

labels

The geographic region of the country: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, Oceania

identifier

The name of country or region

Details

World population data by a country, area or region as of 1 July of the year indicated. Figures are presented in thousands.

Source

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/, file Total population - Both sexes

See Also

dataf.population2010

dataf.* for other functional data sets

plot.functional for building plots of functional data

Examples

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## load the Population dataset
dataf = dataf.population()

## view the classes
unique(dataf$labels)

## access the 5th point of the 2nd object
dataf$dataf[[2]]$args[5]
dataf$dataf[[2]]$vals[5]

## plot the data
## Not run:
labels = unlist(dataf$labels)
plot(dataf,
  main = "World population data",
  xlab="Year", ylab="Population (in thousands)"
  )
## End(Not run)

## compute the integrated and infimal depths of the data curves
## with respect to the same set of curves
depthf.fd1(dataf$dataf, dataf$dataf)

Example output

Loading required package: MASS
Loading required package: class
Loading required package: robustbase
Loading required package: sfsmisc
Loading required package: geometry
[[1]]
[1] "Africa"

[[2]]
[1] "Asia"

[[3]]
[1] "Europe"

[[4]]
[1] "LatinAmerica"

[[5]]
[1] "NorthAmerica"

[[6]]
[1] "Oceania"

[1] 1954
[1] 170
$Simpl_FD
  [1] 0.49283654 0.41230693 0.40386720 0.50130191 0.16988579 0.29633809
  [7] 0.40335508 0.45153504 0.46759063 0.25643227 0.36053664 0.44024055
 [13] 0.48347735 0.25429514 0.48767615 0.48760362 0.34138524 0.26310229
 [19] 0.46438567 0.43938922 0.40628347 0.39749867 0.50158545 0.48080722
 [25] 0.49370070 0.21724519 0.41496570 0.46120305 0.30542913 0.25755836
 [31] 0.14967207 0.50185726 0.25940572 0.31747275 0.45585180 0.32144626
 [37] 0.46970286 0.47948735 0.47543801 0.21343726 0.44912317 0.49563050
 [43] 0.43334598 0.40496654 0.41955171 0.45467406 0.36940752 0.47551054
 [49] 0.46904384 0.49341424 0.43178837 0.48801756 0.45395351 0.08735312
 [55] 0.05204724 0.46873283 0.50588976 0.50370647 0.00862069 0.49144672
 [61] 0.40356609 0.28780824 0.06011991 0.48810987 0.18975591 0.29866094
 [67] 0.33856932 0.50492413 0.49923732 0.50471752 0.30740618 0.33503906
 [73] 0.07564909 0.42464946 0.01716738 0.16897768 0.36115572 0.30718821
 [79] 0.07811298 0.32610003 0.36315621 0.42288781 0.03921456 0.50445560
 [85] 0.32971784 0.19829748 0.13776875 0.50305735 0.15128938 0.45262924
 [91] 0.12123657 0.50224667 0.47014098 0.42046972 0.45748303 0.48349127
 [97] 0.33847774 0.50156567 0.49611001 0.46734226 0.50344051 0.47833820
[103] 0.37613029 0.38360219 0.49200280 0.40368587 0.15609225 0.44475183
[109] 0.39934421 0.40522223 0.42561766 0.38229075 0.37690836 0.19750951
[115] 0.50097955 0.27224133 0.04626885 0.48575405 0.15831877 0.33855942
[121] 0.47857667 0.48022220 0.20490595 0.48332093 0.38127128 0.50245473
[127] 0.25651946 0.49684706 0.50102242 0.49590781 0.42830427 0.12156334
[133] 0.50064694 0.19743552 0.49762586 0.48731935 0.17002573 0.39869142
[139] 0.01049846 0.12867221 0.41069620 0.44101423 0.39817087 0.15013034
[145] 0.42250208 0.49016568 0.18274375 0.49020378 0.43927932 0.38910400
[151] 0.13122182 0.08653256 0.16744022 0.42155806 0.17819071 0.32872620
[157] 0.45811238 0.07905700 0.26251581 0.26153406 0.37627133 0.38780612
[163] 0.11997716 0.11088098 0.14244634 0.40485737 0.34431619 0.26704979
[169] 0.47570214 0.30668452 0.41348612 0.46982924 0.49669467 0.40899207
[175] 0.10466081 0.50435816 0.21737011 0.33437858 0.31133610 0.11038681
[181] 0.47218140 0.09638629 0.27764423 0.35564658 0.50138544 0.49805519
[187] 0.43909103 0.50087882 0.10429851 0.50508568 0.49507296 0.22360200
[193] 0.47489109 0.05194796 0.37464485 0.22675495 0.42607739 0.03033158
[199] 0.27685261 0.45317434 0.50480178 0.28645980 0.42348639 0.50215545
[205] 0.31763503 0.23678965 0.24145331 0.21494175 0.05888833 0.02564008
[211] 0.31963662 0.50537836 0.44897773 0.33892318 0.50385080 0.38950915
[217] 0.32444827 0.31544661 0.25234484 0.17949592 0.27315897 0.06973296
[223] 0.16949786 0.12337481 0.19910229 0.14352076 0.34646834 0.04273969
[229] 0.35283432 0.02593350 0.28873321 0.07985778 0.10555940

$Half_FD
  [1] 0.424297799 0.285853902 0.279862320 0.455530535 0.093273277 0.181107381
  [7] 0.277482685 0.340925507 0.363829517 0.151319423 0.233076955 0.320613602
 [13] 0.400713893 0.147749972 0.411337271 0.409467555 0.218544170 0.154846386
 [19] 0.365231803 0.323843116 0.280542219 0.270301281 0.455190588 0.396761994
 [25] 0.424595253 0.123231207 0.289338378 0.352143795 0.185739176 0.150172101
 [31] 0.080865168 0.457315260 0.151489400 0.198274765 0.343475120 0.203543958
 [37] 0.367228998 0.386393578 0.378107340 0.120299154 0.333319170 0.437683256
 [43] 0.312752303 0.277525178 0.303573705 0.342157818 0.242425532 0.382101730
 [49] 0.365911699 0.422810517 0.310287681 0.407427863 0.347979436 0.045425574
 [55] 0.026388476 0.370543493 0.488505505 0.468151108 0.004291845 0.417923766
 [61] 0.275910421 0.172821146 0.030807802 0.406662986 0.105086475 0.181319848
 [67] 0.215357158 0.475757448 0.451621128 0.478392049 0.187821358 0.210555390
 [73] 0.039051545 0.300514175 0.008583691 0.092635875 0.233034461 0.187268944
 [79] 0.040496324 0.203246507 0.235711555 0.299026896 0.019844474 0.476819782
 [85] 0.206136066 0.110483151 0.074066204 0.465643987 0.081672546 0.338758335
 [91] 0.064292697 0.468406066 0.368673778 0.297029704 0.346577151 0.408447711
 [97] 0.215017210 0.459184974 0.439425486 0.369778608 0.466408873 0.385968641
[103] 0.258190628 0.264224708 0.420813326 0.279224919 0.084519612 0.346534656
[109] 0.274720607 0.284409128 0.313814645 0.260570263 0.257468236 0.110525644
[115] 0.455445545 0.163090130 0.023541410 0.411209792 0.086389325 0.214039859
[121] 0.398929163 0.391237836 0.114902477 0.410954827 0.252878939 0.468066120
[127] 0.149619684 0.445502063 0.456890324 0.447074322 0.311265029 0.064887606
[133] 0.452131052 0.110440658 0.441720140 0.421960652 0.092975822 0.273530786
[139] 0.005226703 0.068966983 0.285386479 0.322568311 0.275697956 0.080822675
[145] 0.303998641 0.418008753 0.101092085 0.415331661 0.327582544 0.266051929
[151] 0.070156801 0.045085624 0.091148602 0.297454640 0.097735096 0.207708325
[157] 0.353971018 0.040708793 0.153911528 0.153019167 0.247567247 0.260400289
[163] 0.063315344 0.058173628 0.076870778 0.278375050 0.219649007 0.157353504
[169] 0.380019548 0.187778862 0.287511157 0.367271492 0.436875875 0.283006845
[175] 0.055411551 0.475799940 0.123528661 0.209790506 0.190668425 0.058853525
[181] 0.372328217 0.050269835 0.164874857 0.228020227 0.457315258 0.439255512
[187] 0.320783578 0.460204819 0.054774148 0.477754643 0.427229849 0.126928142
[193] 0.376960015 0.026473463 0.246207453 0.129010325 0.303403733 0.015212680
[199] 0.165682234 0.340670547 0.478774486 0.171333870 0.299366845 0.459949855
[205] 0.196957465 0.135894276 0.139038796 0.121191519 0.029957932 0.012875536
[211] 0.197807336 0.479666852 0.333064215 0.213317472 0.476097396 0.261037690
[217] 0.201249310 0.193727955 0.146517659 0.098627460 0.161262907 0.035737051
[223] 0.092933329 0.065270047 0.110908088 0.077295713 0.219903966 0.021586708
[229] 0.226065526 0.012960523 0.172948625 0.041133728 0.055241576

$Simpl_ID
  [1] 0.45582360 0.39858666 0.33539292 0.49578217 0.10629717 0.22643185
  [7] 0.35015538 0.40643036 0.45019978 0.18647328 0.32518131 0.43484536
 [13] 0.44428000 0.23915939 0.46370432 0.44120911 0.25769573 0.20008880
 [19] 0.41764095 0.39858666 0.34530857 0.36425188 0.49815008 0.43484536
 [25] 0.48856741 0.15113956 0.37768242 0.45582360 0.28710967 0.24541217
 [31] 0.12154062 0.49700311 0.25159094 0.24541217 0.45019978 0.18125647
 [37] 0.45852450 0.47317597 0.46858814 0.18647328 0.44120911 0.46115139
 [43] 0.39044693 0.39044693 0.36425188 0.44120911 0.33032411 0.43806422
 [49] 0.46370432 0.48516354 0.40254551 0.48146367 0.37768242 0.05879088
 [55] 0.04236348 0.43155247 0.50277489 0.49815008 0.00862069 0.48335060
 [61] 0.39044693 0.25159094 0.04236348 0.48516354 0.17955454 0.25769573
 [67] 0.28137487 0.50277489 0.49015835 0.50022197 0.28137487 0.28710967
 [73] 0.05879088 0.41024122 0.01716738 0.12905136 0.34530857 0.28137487
 [79] 0.05061418 0.30387005 0.30387005 0.40254551 0.03403877 0.50022197
 [85] 0.29835725 0.18647328 0.09856445 0.49578217 0.13648808 0.44120911
 [91] 0.09856445 0.49015835 0.45304868 0.39455381 0.44428000 0.45304868
 [97] 0.26968330 0.49448720 0.46618322 0.40254551 0.49922302 0.46618322
[103] 0.23283261 0.29277048 0.48335060 0.35962707 0.14385082 0.35015538
[109] 0.33539292 0.31996447 0.34530857 0.27556607 0.26372650 0.14385082
[115] 0.49448720 0.21995708 0.03403877 0.45852450 0.12154062 0.30387005
[121] 0.43806422 0.45582360 0.17256179 0.44428000 0.35962707 0.47950274
[127] 0.23283261 0.46858814 0.48690248 0.46370432 0.35015538 0.07492230
[133] 0.48690248 0.10629717 0.48516354 0.44727689 0.13648808 0.33539292
[139] 0.00862069 0.08287702 0.38201123 0.41764095 0.29835725 0.12905136
[145] 0.35962707 0.47317597 0.12905136 0.47535887 0.35962707 0.28710967
[151] 0.09075774 0.05061418 0.15113956 0.39858666 0.15835430 0.25159094
[157] 0.41764095 0.05879088 0.23283261 0.23283261 0.36880273 0.35492823
[163] 0.09856445 0.09075774 0.09856445 0.38201123 0.29835725 0.22643185
[169] 0.46618322 0.27556607 0.39044693 0.46115139 0.48516354 0.37768242
[175] 0.04236348 0.49448720 0.17955454 0.31467366 0.28710967 0.01716738
[181] 0.45852450 0.05879088 0.22643185 0.34038773 0.49448720 0.49311826
[187] 0.41024122 0.49167529 0.08287702 0.50277489 0.49015835 0.20678556
[193] 0.46618322 0.04236348 0.35962707 0.21340832 0.39858666 0.02575107
[199] 0.21995708 0.42122984 0.49922302 0.26968330 0.39858666 0.49311826
[205] 0.28137487 0.21340832 0.21995708 0.20008880 0.05061418 0.02564008
[211] 0.27556607 0.50410688 0.44120911 0.32518131 0.49578217 0.37768242
[217] 0.29277048 0.30387005 0.23283261 0.15835430 0.25159094 0.04236348
[223] 0.11447388 0.10629717 0.18647328 0.09856445 0.33032411 0.02564008
[229] 0.32518131 0.01716738 0.26968330 0.05879088 0.08287702

$Half_ID
  [1] 0.343347639 0.270386279 0.210300431 0.429184556 0.055793993 0.128755361
  [7] 0.223175973 0.278969944 0.334763944 0.103004292 0.201716736 0.313304722
 [13] 0.326180249 0.137339056 0.356223166 0.321888417 0.150214598 0.111587986
 [19] 0.291845500 0.270386279 0.218884125 0.236051500 0.437768251 0.313304722
 [25] 0.407725334 0.081545062 0.248927042 0.343347639 0.171673819 0.141630903
 [31] 0.064377680 0.433476388 0.145922750 0.141630903 0.334763944 0.098712444
 [37] 0.347639471 0.373390555 0.364806861 0.103004292 0.321888417 0.351931334
 [43] 0.261802584 0.261802584 0.236051500 0.321888417 0.206008583 0.317596555
 [49] 0.356223166 0.399141639 0.274678111 0.390557945 0.248927042 0.030042918
 [55] 0.021459227 0.309012890 0.459227473 0.437768251 0.004291845 0.394849777
 [61] 0.261802584 0.145922750 0.021459227 0.399141639 0.098712444 0.150214598
 [67] 0.167381972 0.459227473 0.412017167 0.446351945 0.167381972 0.171673819
 [73] 0.030042918 0.283261806 0.008583691 0.068669528 0.218884125 0.167381972
 [79] 0.025751073 0.184549361 0.184549361 0.274678111 0.017167382 0.446351945
 [85] 0.180257514 0.103004292 0.051502146 0.429184556 0.072961375 0.321888417
 [91] 0.051502146 0.412017167 0.339055806 0.266094416 0.326180249 0.339055806
 [97] 0.158798277 0.424892694 0.360515028 0.274678111 0.442060083 0.360515028
[103] 0.133047208 0.175965667 0.394849777 0.231759652 0.077253222 0.223175973
[109] 0.210300431 0.197424889 0.218884125 0.163090125 0.154506445 0.077253222
[115] 0.424892694 0.124463521 0.017167382 0.347639471 0.064377680 0.184549361
[121] 0.317596555 0.343347639 0.094420604 0.326180249 0.231759652 0.386266083
[127] 0.133047208 0.364806861 0.403433472 0.356223166 0.223175973 0.038626611
[133] 0.403433472 0.055793993 0.399141639 0.330472112 0.072961375 0.210300431
[139] 0.004291845 0.042918455 0.253218889 0.291845500 0.180257514 0.068669528
[145] 0.231759652 0.373390555 0.068669528 0.377682418 0.231759652 0.171673819
[151] 0.047210302 0.025751073 0.081545062 0.270386279 0.085836910 0.145922750
[157] 0.291845500 0.030042918 0.133047208 0.133047208 0.240343347 0.227467805
[163] 0.051502146 0.047210302 0.051502146 0.253218889 0.180257514 0.128755361
[169] 0.360515028 0.163090125 0.261802584 0.351931334 0.399141639 0.248927042
[175] 0.021459227 0.424892694 0.098712444 0.193133041 0.171673819 0.008583691
[181] 0.347639471 0.030042918 0.128755361 0.214592278 0.424892694 0.420600861
[187] 0.283261806 0.416308999 0.042918455 0.459227473 0.412017167 0.115879826
[193] 0.360515028 0.021459227 0.231759652 0.120171674 0.270386279 0.012875536
[199] 0.124463521 0.296137333 0.442060083 0.158798277 0.270386279 0.420600861
[205] 0.167381972 0.120171674 0.124463521 0.111587986 0.025751073 0.012875536
[211] 0.163090125 0.467811167 0.321888417 0.201716736 0.429184556 0.248927042
[217] 0.175965667 0.184549361 0.133047208 0.085836910 0.145922750 0.021459227
[223] 0.060085837 0.055793993 0.103004292 0.051502146 0.206008583 0.012875536
[229] 0.201716736 0.008583691 0.158798277 0.030042918 0.042918455

$Simpl_IA
  [1] 0.00990099 0.05940594 0.02970297 0.00990099 0.06930693 0.01980198
  [7] 0.01980198 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.07920792 0.07920792 0.07920792
 [13] 0.01980198 0.02970297 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.00990099 0.03960396
 [19] 0.00990099 0.11881188 0.03960396 0.07920792 0.11881188 0.10891089
 [25] 0.32673267 0.07920792 0.01980198 0.18811881 0.02970297 0.13861386
 [31] 0.28712871 0.07920792 0.48514851 0.02970297 0.11881188 0.00990099
 [37] 0.00990099 0.04950495 0.06930693 0.06930693 0.15841584 0.01980198
 [43] 0.00990099 0.07920792 0.09900990 0.07920792 0.11881188 0.06930693
 [49] 0.18811881 0.04950495 0.02970297 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.12871287
 [55] 0.51485149 0.15841584 0.02970297 0.00990099 1.00000000 0.05940594
 [61] 0.06930693 0.02970297 0.20792079 0.07920792 0.14851485 0.02970297
 [67] 0.09900990 0.02970297 0.03960396 0.10891089 0.11881188 0.03960396
 [73] 0.01980198 0.04950495 1.00000000 0.11881188 0.01980198 0.00990099
 [79] 0.19801980 0.31683168 0.01980198 0.02970297 0.59405941 0.04950495
 [85] 0.06930693 0.22772277 0.18811881 0.03960396 0.07920792 0.03960396
 [91] 0.01980198 0.03960396 0.02970297 0.32673267 0.01980198 0.02970297
 [97] 0.00990099 0.09900990 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.16831683 0.12871287
[103] 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.14851485 0.02970297 0.29702970 0.10891089
[109] 0.04950495 0.00990099 0.04950495 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.00990099
[115] 0.11881188 0.20792079 0.40594059 0.02970297 0.24752475 0.10891089
[121] 0.05940594 0.05940594 0.16831683 0.13861386 0.09900990 0.00990099
[127] 0.07920792 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.01980198 0.21782178
[133] 0.01980198 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.09900990 0.08910891 0.04950495
[139] 0.78217822 0.17821782 0.03960396 0.15841584 0.01980198 0.02970297
[145] 0.01980198 0.03960396 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.02970297 0.01980198
[151] 0.10891089 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.11881188 0.12871287 0.06930693
[157] 0.06930693 0.16831683 0.09900990 0.07920792 0.06930693 0.17821782
[163] 0.01980198 0.05940594 0.16831683 0.13861386 0.24752475 0.18811881
[169] 0.11881188 0.30693069 0.13861386 0.00990099 0.06930693 0.07920792
[175] 0.03960396 0.02970297 0.22772277 0.03960396 0.07920792 0.00990099
[181] 0.07920792 0.01980198 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.09900990 0.09900990
[187] 0.07920792 0.04950495 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.08910891 0.01980198
[193] 0.04950495 0.40594059 0.16831683 0.06930693 0.10891089 0.45544554
[199] 0.04950495 0.01980198 0.00990099 0.02970297 0.05940594 0.04950495
[205] 0.02970297 0.08910891 0.00990099 0.15841584 0.31683168 1.00000000
[211] 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.15841584 0.03960396 0.03960396 0.05940594
[217] 0.04950495 0.07920792 0.05940594 0.17821782 0.01980198 0.16831683
[223] 0.02970297 0.02970297 0.11881188 0.02970297 0.04950495 0.21782178
[229] 0.14851485 0.00990099 0.35643564 0.03960396 0.07920792

$Half_IA
  [1] 0.00990099 0.05940594 0.02970297 0.00990099 0.06930693 0.01980198
  [7] 0.01980198 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.07920792 0.07920792 0.07920792
 [13] 0.01980198 0.02970297 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.00990099 0.03960396
 [19] 0.00990099 0.11881188 0.03960396 0.07920792 0.11881188 0.10891089
 [25] 0.32673267 0.07920792 0.01980198 0.18811881 0.02970297 0.13861386
 [31] 0.28712871 0.07920792 0.48514851 0.02970297 0.11881188 0.00990099
 [37] 0.00990099 0.04950495 0.06930693 0.06930693 0.15841584 0.01980198
 [43] 0.00990099 0.07920792 0.09900990 0.07920792 0.11881188 0.06930693
 [49] 0.18811881 0.04950495 0.02970297 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.12871287
 [55] 0.54455446 0.15841584 0.02970297 0.00990099 1.00000000 0.05940594
 [61] 0.06930693 0.02970297 0.20792079 0.07920792 0.14851485 0.02970297
 [67] 0.09900990 0.02970297 0.03960396 0.10891089 0.11881188 0.03960396
 [73] 0.01980198 0.04950495 1.00000000 0.11881188 0.01980198 0.00990099
 [79] 0.19801980 0.31683168 0.02970297 0.02970297 0.59405941 0.04950495
 [85] 0.06930693 0.22772277 0.18811881 0.03960396 0.07920792 0.03960396
 [91] 0.01980198 0.03960396 0.02970297 0.32673267 0.01980198 0.02970297
 [97] 0.00990099 0.09900990 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.16831683 0.12871287
[103] 0.01980198 0.01980198 0.14851485 0.02970297 0.29702970 0.10891089
[109] 0.04950495 0.00990099 0.04950495 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.00990099
[115] 0.11881188 0.20792079 0.40594059 0.02970297 0.24752475 0.10891089
[121] 0.05940594 0.05940594 0.16831683 0.13861386 0.09900990 0.00990099
[127] 0.07920792 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.01980198 0.21782178
[133] 0.01980198 0.01980198 0.03960396 0.09900990 0.13861386 0.04950495
[139] 0.78217822 0.17821782 0.03960396 0.15841584 0.01980198 0.02970297
[145] 0.01980198 0.03960396 0.00990099 0.03960396 0.02970297 0.01980198
[151] 0.10891089 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.11881188 0.18811881 0.06930693
[157] 0.06930693 0.16831683 0.09900990 0.08910891 0.06930693 0.17821782
[163] 0.02970297 0.05940594 0.18811881 0.13861386 0.24752475 0.18811881
[169] 0.11881188 0.30693069 0.13861386 0.00990099 0.06930693 0.07920792
[175] 0.03960396 0.02970297 0.22772277 0.03960396 0.10891089 0.01980198
[181] 0.07920792 0.05940594 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.09900990 0.09900990
[187] 0.07920792 0.04950495 0.00990099 0.00990099 0.08910891 0.01980198
[193] 0.04950495 0.40594059 0.16831683 0.06930693 0.10891089 0.45544554
[199] 0.04950495 0.01980198 0.00990099 0.02970297 0.05940594 0.04950495
[205] 0.02970297 0.08910891 0.00990099 0.15841584 0.44554455 1.00000000
[211] 0.00990099 0.01980198 0.15841584 0.03960396 0.03960396 0.05940594
[217] 0.04950495 0.07920792 0.05940594 0.30693069 0.02970297 0.16831683
[223] 0.02970297 0.09900990 0.11881188 0.02970297 0.08910891 0.30693069
[229] 0.14851485 0.21782178 0.35643564 0.03960396 0.07920792

ddalpha documentation built on Jan. 9, 2020, 5:09 p.m.