matsindf_apply: Apply a function to a 'matsindf' data frame (and more)

View source: R/matsindf_apply.R

matsindf_applyR Documentation

Apply a function to a matsindf data frame (and more)

Description

Applies FUN to .dat or performs the calculation specified by FUN on numbers or matrices. FUN must return a named list. The values of the list returned FUN become entries in columns in a returned data frame or entries in the sub-lists of a returned list. The names of the items in the list returned by FUN become names of the columns in a returned data frame or names of the list items in the returned list.

Usage

matsindf_apply(.dat = NULL, FUN, ..., .warn_missing_FUN_args = TRUE)

Arguments

.dat

A list of named items or a data frame.

FUN

The function to be applied to .dat.

...

Named arguments to be passed by name to FUN.

.warn_missing_FUN_args

A boolean that tells whether to warn of missing arguments to FUN. Default is TRUE.

Details

If is.null(.dat) and ... are all named numbers or matrices of the form argname = m, ms are passed to FUN by argnames. The return value is a named list provided by FUN. The arguments in ... are not included in the output.

If is.null(.dat) and ... are all lists of numbers or matrices of the form argname = l, FUN is Mapped across the various ls to obtain a list of named lists returned from FUN. The return value is a list whose top-level names are the names of the returned items from FUN .dat is not included in the return value.

If !is.null(.dat) and ... are all named, length == 1 character strings of the form argname = string, argnames are expected to be names of arguments to FUN, and strings are expected to be column names in .dat. The return value is .dat with additional columns (at right) whose names are the names of list items returned from FUN. When .dat contains columns whose names are same as columns added at the right, a warning is emitted.

.dat can be a list of named items in which case a list will be returned instead of a data frame.

If items in .dat have same names as arguments to FUN, it is not necessary to specify any arguments in .... matsindf_apply assumes that the appropriately-named items in .dat are intended to be arguments to FUN. When an item name appears in both ... and .dat, ... takes precedence.

if .dat is a data frame, the items in its columns (possibly matrices) are unname()d before calling FUN.

NULL arguments in ... are ignored for the purposes of deciding whether all arguments are numbers, matrices, lists of numbers of matrices, or named character strings. However, all NULL arguments are passed to FUN, so FUN should be able to deal with NULL arguments appropriately.

If .dat is present, ... contains length == 1 strings, and one of the ... strings is not the name of a column in .dat, FUN is called WITHOUT the argument whose column is missing. I.e., that argument is treated as missing. If FUN works despite the missing argument, execution proceeds. If FUN cannot handle the missing argument, an error will occur in FUN.

It is suggested that FUN is able to handle empty data gracefully, returning an empty result with the same names as when non-empty data are fed to FUN. Attempts are made to handle zero-row data (in .dat or ...) gracefully. First, FUN is called with the empty (but named) data. If FUN can handle empty data without error, the result is returned. If FUN errors when fed empty data, FUN is called with an empty argument list in the hopes that FUN has reasonable default values. If that fails, .dat is returned unmodified (if not NULL) or the data in ... is returned.

Value

A named list or a data frame. (See details.)

Examples

library(matsbyname)
example_fun <- function(a, b){
  return(list(c = sum_byname(a, b),
              d = difference_byname(a, b)))
}
# Single values for arguments
matsindf_apply(FUN = example_fun, a = 2, b = 2)
# Matrices for arguments
a <- 2 * matrix(c(1,2,3,4), nrow = 2, ncol = 2, byrow = TRUE,
              dimnames = list(c("r1", "r2"), c("c1", "c2")))
b <- 0.5 * a
matsindf_apply(FUN = example_fun, a = a, b = b)
# Single values in lists are treated like columns of a data frame
matsindf_apply(FUN = example_fun, a = list(2, 2), b = list(1, 2))
# Matrices in lists are treated like columns of a data frame
matsindf_apply(FUN = example_fun, a = list(a, a), b = list(b, b))
# Single numbers in a data frame
DF <- data.frame(a = c(4, 4, 5), b = c(4, 4, 4))
matsindf_apply(DF, FUN = example_fun, a = "a", b = "b")
# By default, arguments to FUN come from DF
matsindf_apply(DF, FUN = example_fun)
# Now put some matrices in a data frame.
DF2 <- data.frame(a = I(list(a, a)), b = I(list(b,b)))
matsindf_apply(DF2, FUN = example_fun, a = "a", b = "b")
# All arguments to FUN are supplied by named items in .dat
matsindf_apply(list(a = 1, b = 2), FUN = example_fun)
# All arguments are supplied by named arguments in ..., but mix them up.
# Note that the named arguments override the items in .dat
matsindf_apply(list(a = 1, b = 2, z = 10), FUN = example_fun, a = "z", b = "b")
# A warning is issued when an output item has same name as an input item.
matsindf_apply(list(a = 1, b = 2, c = 10), FUN = example_fun, a = "c", b = "b")
# When a zero-row data frame supplied to .dat,
# .dat is returned unmodified, unless FUN can handle empty data.
DF3 <- DF2[0, ]
DF3
matsindf_apply(DF3, FUN = example_fun, a = "a", b = "b")

matsindf documentation built on Aug. 18, 2023, 5:06 p.m.