# seqtest.cor: Sequential triangular test for the product-moment correlation... In miscor: Miscellaneous Functions for the Correlation Coefficient

## Description

This function performs the sequential triangular test for the product-moment correlation coefficient

## Usage

 ```1 2 3 4``` ```seqtest.cor(x, k, rho, alternative = c("two.sided", "less", "greater"), delta, alpha = 0.05, beta = 0.1, output = TRUE, plot = FALSE) ```

## Arguments

 `x` initial data, i.e., product-moment correlation coefficient in a sub-sample of k observations. `k` number of observations in each sub-sample. `rho` a number indicating the correlation under the null hypothesis, ρ0. `alternative` a character string specifying the alternative hypothesis, `delta` minimum difference to be detected, δ. `alpha` type-I-risk, α. `beta` type-II-risk, β. `output` logical: if `TRUE`, output is shown. `plot` logical: if `TRUE`, an initial plot is generated.

## Details

Null and alternative hypothesis is specified using arguments `rho` and `delta`. Note that the argument k (i.e., number of observations in each sub-sample) has to be specified. At least k = 4 is needed. The optimal value of k should be determined based on statistical simulation using `sim.seqtest.cor` function.

In order to specify a one-sided test, argument `alternative` has to be used (i.e., two-sided tests are conducted by default). That is, `alternative = "less"` specifies the null hypothesis, H0: ρ >= ρ0 and the alternative hypothesis, H1: ρ < ρ0; `alternative = "greater"` specifies the null hypothesis, H0: ρ <= ρ0 and the alternative hypothesis, H1: ρ > ρ0.

The main characteristic of the sequential triangular test is that there is no fixed sample size given in advance. That is, for the most recent sampling point, one has to decide whether sampling has to be continued or either the null- or the alternative hypothesis can be accepted given specified precision requirements (i.e. type-I-risk, type-II-risk and an effect size). The sequence of data pairs must we split into sub-samples of length k >= 4 each. The (cumulative) test statistic `Z.m` on a Cartesian coordinate system produces a "sequential path" on a continuation area as a triangle. As long as the statistic remains within that triangle, additional data have to be sampled. If the path touches or exceeds the borderlines of the triangle, sampling is completed. Depending on the particular borderline, the null-hypothesis is either accepted or rejected.

## Value

Returns an object of class `seqtest`, to be used for later update steps. The object has following entries:

 `call` function call `type` type of the test (i.e., correlation coefficient) `spec` specification of function arguments `tri` specification of triangular `dat` data `res` list with results

## Author(s)

Takuya Yanagida takuya.yanagida@univie.ac.at,

## References

Schneider, B., Rasch, D., Kubinger, K. D., & Yanagida, T. (2015). A Sequential triangular test of a correlation coefficient's null-hypothesis: 0 < ρ ≤ ρ0. Statistical Papers, 56, 689-699.

## See Also

`update.seqtest`, `sim.seqtest.cor`

## Examples

 ``` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18``` ```#-------------------------------------- # H0: rho = 0.3, H1: rho != 0.3 # alpha = 0.05, beta = 0.2, delta = 0.2 seq.obj <- seqtest.cor(0.46, k = 14, rho = 0.3, delta = 0.2, alpha = 0.05, beta = 0.2, plot = TRUE) seq.obj <- update(seq.obj, c(0.56, 0.76, 0.56, 0.52)) #-------------------------------------- # H0: rho <= 0.3, H1: rho > 0.3 # alpha = 0.05, beta = 0.2, delta = 0.2 seq.obj <- seqtest.cor(0.46, k = 14, rho = 0.3, alternative = "greater", delta = 0.2, alpha = 0.05, beta = 0.2, plot = TRUE) seq.obj <- update(seq.obj, c(0.56, 0.76, 0.66)) ```

miscor documentation built on May 1, 2019, 10:14 p.m.