prophet_reg: General Interface for PROPHET Time Series Models

View source: R/parsnip-prophet_reg.R

prophet_regR Documentation

General Interface for PROPHET Time Series Models

Description

prophet_reg() is a way to generate a specification of a PROPHET model before fitting and allows the model to be created using different packages. Currently the only package is prophet.

Usage

prophet_reg(
  mode = "regression",
  growth = NULL,
  changepoint_num = NULL,
  changepoint_range = NULL,
  seasonality_yearly = NULL,
  seasonality_weekly = NULL,
  seasonality_daily = NULL,
  season = NULL,
  prior_scale_changepoints = NULL,
  prior_scale_seasonality = NULL,
  prior_scale_holidays = NULL,
  logistic_cap = NULL,
  logistic_floor = NULL
)

Arguments

mode

A single character string for the type of model. The only possible value for this model is "regression".

growth

String 'linear' or 'logistic' to specify a linear or logistic trend.

changepoint_num

Number of potential changepoints to include for modeling trend.

changepoint_range

Adjusts the flexibility of the trend component by limiting to a percentage of data before the end of the time series. 0.80 means that a changepoint cannot exist after the first 80% of the data.

seasonality_yearly

One of "auto", TRUE or FALSE. Toggles on/off a seasonal component that models year-over-year seasonality.

seasonality_weekly

One of "auto", TRUE or FALSE. Toggles on/off a seasonal component that models week-over-week seasonality.

seasonality_daily

One of "auto", TRUE or FALSE. Toggles on/off a seasonal componet that models day-over-day seasonality.

season

'additive' (default) or 'multiplicative'.

prior_scale_changepoints

Parameter modulating the flexibility of the automatic changepoint selection. Large values will allow many changepoints, small values will allow few changepoints.

prior_scale_seasonality

Parameter modulating the strength of the seasonality model. Larger values allow the model to fit larger seasonal fluctuations, smaller values dampen the seasonality.

prior_scale_holidays

Parameter modulating the strength of the holiday components model, unless overridden in the holidays input.

logistic_cap

When growth is logistic, the upper-bound for "saturation".

logistic_floor

When growth is logistic, the lower-bound for "saturation".

Details

The data given to the function are not saved and are only used to determine the mode of the model. For prophet_reg(), the mode will always be "regression".

The model can be created using the fit() function using the following engines:

  • "prophet" (default) - Connects to prophet::prophet()

Main Arguments

The main arguments (tuning parameters) for the model are:

  • growth: String 'linear' or 'logistic' to specify a linear or logistic trend.

  • changepoint_num: Number of potential changepoints to include for modeling trend.

  • changepoint_range: Range changepoints that adjusts how close to the end the last changepoint can be located.

  • season: 'additive' (default) or 'multiplicative'.

  • prior_scale_changepoints: Parameter modulating the flexibility of the automatic changepoint selection. Large values will allow many changepoints, small values will allow few changepoints.

  • prior_scale_seasonality: Parameter modulating the strength of the seasonality model. Larger values allow the model to fit larger seasonal fluctuations, smaller values dampen the seasonality.

  • prior_scale_holidays: Parameter modulating the strength of the holiday components model, unless overridden in the holidays input.

  • logistic_cap: When growth is logistic, the upper-bound for "saturation".

  • logistic_floor: When growth is logistic, the lower-bound for "saturation".

These arguments are converted to their specific names at the time that the model is fit.

Other options and argument can be set using set_engine() (See Engine Details below).

If parameters need to be modified, update() can be used in lieu of recreating the object from scratch.

Engine Details

The standardized parameter names in modeltime can be mapped to their original names in each engine:

modeltime prophet
growth growth ('linear')
changepoint_num n.changepoints (25)
changepoint_range changepoints.range (0.8)
seasonality_yearly yearly.seasonality ('auto')
seasonality_weekly weekly.seasonality ('auto')
seasonality_daily daily.seasonality ('auto')
season seasonality.mode ('additive')
prior_scale_changepoints changepoint.prior.scale (0.05)
prior_scale_seasonality seasonality.prior.scale (10)
prior_scale_holidays holidays.prior.scale (10)
logistic_cap df$cap (NULL)
logistic_floor df$floor (NULL)

Other options can be set using set_engine().

prophet

The engine uses prophet::prophet().

Function Parameters:

#> function (df = NULL, growth = "linear", changepoints = NULL, n.changepoints = 25, 
#>     changepoint.range = 0.8, yearly.seasonality = "auto", weekly.seasonality = "auto", 
#>     daily.seasonality = "auto", holidays = NULL, seasonality.mode = "additive", 
#>     seasonality.prior.scale = 10, holidays.prior.scale = 10, changepoint.prior.scale = 0.05, 
#>     mcmc.samples = 0, interval.width = 0.8, uncertainty.samples = 1000, 
#>     fit = TRUE, ...)

Parameter Notes:

  • df: This is supplied via the parsnip / modeltime fit() interface (so don't provide this manually). See Fit Details (below).

  • holidays: A data.frame of holidays can be supplied via set_engine()

  • uncertainty.samples: The default is set to 0 because the prophet uncertainty intervals are not used as part of the Modeltime Workflow. You can override this setting if you plan to use prophet's uncertainty tools.

Regressors:

  • Regressors are provided via the fit() or recipes interface, which passes regressors to prophet::add_regressor()

  • Parameters can be controlled in set_engine() via: regressors.prior.scale, regressors.standardize, and regressors.mode

  • The regressor prior scale implementation default is regressors.prior.scale = 1e4, which deviates from the prophet implementation (defaults to holidays.prior.scale)

Logistic Growth and Saturation Levels:

  • For growth = "logistic", simply add numeric values for logistic_cap and / or logistic_floor. There is no need to add additional columns for "cap" and "floor" to your data frame.

Limitations:

  • prophet::add_seasonality() is not currently implemented. It's used to specify non-standard seasonalities using fourier series. An alternative is to use step_fourier() and supply custom seasonalities as Extra Regressors.

Fit Details

Date and Date-Time Variable

It's a requirement to have a date or date-time variable as a predictor. The fit() interface accepts date and date-time features and handles them internally.

  • fit(y ~ date)

Univariate (No Extra Regressors):

For univariate analysis, you must include a date or date-time feature. Simply use:

  • Formula Interface (recommended): fit(y ~ date) will ignore xreg's.

  • XY Interface: fit_xy(x = data[,"date"], y = data$y) will ignore xreg's.

Multivariate (Extra Regressors)

Extra Regressors parameter is populated using the fit() or fit_xy() function:

  • Only factor, ordered factor, and numeric data will be used as xregs.

  • Date and Date-time variables are not used as xregs

  • character data should be converted to factor.

Xreg Example: Suppose you have 3 features:

  1. y (target)

  2. date (time stamp),

  3. month.lbl (labeled month as a ordered factor).

The month.lbl is an exogenous regressor that can be passed to the arima_reg() using fit():

  • fit(y ~ date + month.lbl) will pass month.lbl on as an exogenous regressor.

  • fit_xy(data[,c("date", "month.lbl")], y = data$y) will pass x, where x is a data frame containing month.lbl and the date feature. Only month.lbl will be used as an exogenous regressor.

Note that date or date-time class values are excluded from xreg.

See Also

fit.model_spec(), set_engine()

Examples

library(dplyr)
library(parsnip)
library(rsample)
library(timetk)
library(modeltime)

# Data
m750 <- m4_monthly %>% filter(id == "M750")
m750

# Split Data 80/20
splits <- initial_time_split(m750, prop = 0.8)

# ---- PROPHET ----

# Model Spec
model_spec <- prophet_reg() %>%
    set_engine("prophet")

# Fit Spec
model_fit <- model_spec %>%
    fit(log(value) ~ date, data = training(splits))
model_fit



modeltime documentation built on Nov. 16, 2022, 5:09 p.m.