# sammonsProjection: sammonsProjection In muHVT: Constructing Hierarchical Voronoi Tessellations and Overlay Heatmap for Data Analysis

 sammonsProjection R Documentation

## sammonsProjection

### Description

This is a wrapper for the sammon function of the MASS package for non-metric multidimensional scaling

### Usage

```sammonsProjection(
d,
y = stats::cmdscale(d, k),
k = 2,
niter = 100,
trace = TRUE,
magic = 0.2,
tol = 1e-04
)
```

### Arguments

 `d` distance structure of the form returned by dist, or a full, symmetric matrix. Data are assumed to be dissimilarities or relative distances, but must be positive except for self-distance. This can contain missing values. `y` An initial configuration. If none is supplied, cmdscale is used to provide the classical solution. (If there are missing values in d, an initial configuration must be provided.) This must not have duplicates. `k` The dimension of the configuration. `niter` The maximum number of iterations. `trace` Logical for tracing optimization. Default TRUE. `magic` initial value of the step size constant in diagonal Newton method. `tol` Tolerance for stopping, in units of stress.

### Details

This chooses a two-dimensional configuration to minimize the stress, the sum of squared differences between the input distances and those of the configuration, weighted by the distances, the whole sum being divided by the sum of input distances to make the stress scale-free.

An iterative algorithm is used, which will usually converge in around 50 iterations. As this is necessarily an O(n^2) calculation, it is slow for large datasets. Further, since the configuration is only determined up to rotations and reflections (by convention the centroid is at the origin), the result can vary considerably from machine to machine. In this release the algorithm has been modified by adding a step-length search (magic) to ensure that it always goes downhill.

### Value

 `points` A two-column vector of the fitted configuration. `stress` The final stress achieved.

### Examples

```
require(MASS)
swiss.x <- as.matrix(swiss[, -1])
swiss.sam <- sammonsProjection(dist(swiss.x))

```

muHVT documentation built on March 7, 2023, 6:38 p.m.