intervals.gls: Confidence Intervals on gls Parameters

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/gls.R

Description

Approximate confidence intervals for the parameters in the linear model represented by object are obtained, using a normal approximation to the distribution of the (restricted) maximum likelihood estimators (the estimators are assumed to have a normal distribution centered at the true parameter values and with covariance matrix equal to the negative inverse Hessian matrix of the (restricted) log-likelihood evaluated at the estimated parameters). Confidence intervals are obtained in an unconstrained scale first, using the normal approximation, and, if necessary, transformed to the constrained scale.

Usage

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## S3 method for class 'gls'
intervals(object, level, which, ...)

Arguments

object

an object inheriting from class "gls", representing a generalized least squares fitted linear model.

level

an optional numeric value for the interval confidence level. Defaults to 0.95.

which

an optional character string specifying the subset of parameters for which to construct the confidence intervals. Possible values are "all" for all parameters, "var-cov" for the variance-covariance parameters only, and "coef" for the linear model coefficients only. Defaults to "all".

...

some methods for this generic require additional arguments. None are used in this method.

Value

a list with components given by data frames with rows corresponding to parameters and columns lower, est., and upper representing respectively lower confidence limits, the estimated values, and upper confidence limits for the parameters. Possible components are:

coef

linear model coefficients, only present when which is not equal to "var-cov".

corStruct

correlation parameters, only present when which is not equal to "coef" and a correlation structure is used in object.

varFunc

variance function parameters, only present when which is not equal to "coef" and a variance function structure is used in object.

sigma

residual standard error.

Author(s)

José Pinheiro and Douglas Bates [email protected]

References

Pinheiro, J.C., and Bates, D.M. (2000) "Mixed-Effects Models in S and S-PLUS", Springer.

See Also

gls, intervals, print.intervals.gls

Examples

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fm1 <- gls(follicles ~ sin(2*pi*Time) + cos(2*pi*Time), Ovary,
           correlation = corAR1(form = ~ 1 | Mare))
intervals(fm1)

Example output

Approximate 95% confidence intervals

 Coefficients:
                       lower       est.      upper
(Intercept)        10.908531 12.2163982 13.5242656
sin(2 * pi * Time) -4.044019 -2.7747122 -1.5054050
cos(2 * pi * Time) -2.272201 -0.8996047  0.4729919
attr(,"label")
[1] "Coefficients:"

 Correlation structure:
        lower      est.     upper
Phi 0.6684247 0.7532079 0.8186683
attr(,"label")
[1] "Correlation structure:"

 Residual standard error:
   lower     est.    upper 
3.974690 4.616172 5.361183 

nlme documentation built on April 7, 2018, 5:03 p.m.