Fits one of three versions of the Ball-Berry type stomatal conductance models to observations of stomatal conductance (gs), photosynthesis (A), atmospheric CO2 concentration (Ca) and vapour pressure deficit (VPD).
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Input dataframe, containing all variables needed to fit the model.
List of names of variables in the input dataframe. Relative humidity (RH) is only needed when the original Ball-Berry model is to be fit.
One of BBOpti (Medlyn et al. 2011), BBLeuning (Leuning 1995), BallBerry (Ball et al. 1987), or BBOptiFull (Medlyn et al. 2011 but with an extra parameter gk, see Duursma et al. 2013)
If TRUE, also fits the intercept term (g0, the 'residual conductance'). Default is FALSE.
Note that unlike in some publications (e.g. Leuning et al. 1995), the models fit here do not include the CO2 compensation point. This correction may be necessary but can be added by the user (by replacing Ca with the corrected term).
Note that all models use atmospheric CO2 concentration (Ca) instead of, as sometimes argued, intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci). Using the latter makes these models far more difficult to use in practice, and we have found no benefit of using Ci instead of Ca (and Ca arises from an optimization argument, see Medlyn et al. 2011). The idea that we should use Ci because 'stomata sense Ci, not Ca' is probably not valid (or at least, not sufficient), and note that Ci plays a central role in the steady-state solution to stomatal conductance anyway (see
At the moment no batch utility is includes (like
fitacis), but this will likely appear in a future version of this package.
A list with several components, most notably
fit, the object returned by
nls. If the user needs more information on the goodness of fit etc, please further analyze this object. For example, use the broom package for quick summaries. Or use
confint to calculate confidence intervals on the fitted parameters.
Ball, J.T., Woodrow, I.E., Berry, J.A., 1987. A model predicting stomatal conductance and its contribution to the control of photosynthesis under different environmental conditions., in: Biggins, J. (Ed.), Progress in Photosynthesis Research. Martinus-Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, pp. 221-224.
Leuning, R. 1995. A critical-appraisal of a combined stomatal-photosynthesis model for C-3 plants. Plant Cell and Environment. 18:339-355.
Medlyn, B.E., R.A. Duursma, D. Eamus, D.S. Ellsworth, I.C. Prentice, C.V.M. Barton, K.Y. Crous, P. De Angelis, M. Freeman and L. Wingate. 2011. Reconciling the optimal and empirical approaches to modelling stomatal conductance. Global Change Biology. 17:2134-2144.
Duursma, R.A., Payton, P., Bange, M.P., Broughton, K.J., Smith, R.A., Medlyn, B.E., Tissue, D.T., 2013. Near-optimal response of instantaneous transpiration efficiency to vapour pressure deficit, temperature and [CO2] in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 168, 168-176. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.09.005
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