Creating Target Decoy Databases"

Using the package prozor for creating standardized fasta. The package can be used to:

 * merge several fasta files into a single fasta file
 * add reverse sequences to the fasta file.
 * add contaminants to the fasta file


This package provides two sets of typical contaminant proteins and peptides, one with and one without contaminants of human origin, which can be accessed by the functions loadContaminantsFasta and loadContaminantsNoHumanFasta. At the FGCZ we always are adding one of those two contaminant files to the database. To databases already containing human proteins, we will add the ContaminantsNoHumanFasta. The contaminants are easy to distinguish from other entries thanks to the zz|FGCZCont prefix.

length(loadContaminantsFasta2021(noHuman = TRUE))

Creating a fasta protein amino acid sequence database for searching.

To merge several fasta databases into a single file place them into a single folder and give the folder the name of the database. At the FGCZ the database name starts with the project number e.g. p1000 a consecutive number e.g. db1 and descriptive name example,i.e.p1000_db1_example`.

Add to the folder also an annotation.txt file. The annotation file should contain a single line formatted like a fasta entry header with the following conent: aa|p<project_number>_<database_name>|<YYYYMMDD> <detailed_description>.

Example : AA|p1000_db1_example|20180119_Example

The package provides an example of such a folder with the fasta files. Based on this folder a database can be created.

databasedirectory = system.file("p1000_db1_example",package = "prozor")
#databasedirectory <- file.path(find.package("prozor"), "p1000_db1_example")
dbname <- basename(databasedirectory)
fasta <- grep("fasta", dir(databasedirectory),value = TRUE)
files1 <- file.path(databasedirectory,fasta)
annot <- grep("annotation",dir(databasedirectory), value = TRUE)
annotation <- readLines(file.path(databasedirectory,annot))

Create non decoy database

resDB <- createDecoyDB(files1, useContaminants = loadContaminantsFasta2021(),
                       annot = annotation, revLab = NULL)

Based on the directory name we build the name of the fasta file adding the current date.

xx <- file.path(dirname(databasedirectory), paste(dbname,"_",format(Sys.time(), "%Y%m%d"),".fasta" ,sep = ""))
writeFasta(resDB, file=xx)

Create decoy database

To add a decoy database, using reverse sequences specify the revLab parameter in the createDecoyDB function. The resulting database will be twice as long as the non-decoy database.

resDBDecoy <- createDecoyDB(files1,
                            useContaminants = loadContaminantsFasta2021(),
                            annot = annotation,
                            revLab = "REV_")

resDBDecoy[[length(resDBDecoy) - 1]]


dbname_decoy <- unlist(strsplit(dbname,"_"))
dbname_decoy <- paste(c(dbname_decoy[1],"d",dbname_decoy[2:length(dbname_decoy)]),collapse = "_")

xx <- file.path(dirname(databasedirectory), paste(dbname_decoy,"_",format(Sys.time(), "%Y%m%d"),".fasta" ,sep = ""))
writeFasta(resDBDecoy, file = xx)

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prozor documentation built on Dec. 11, 2021, 9:51 a.m.