strat.plot: Plot a stratigraphic diagram

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/strat.plot.r

Description

Plots a diagram of multiple biological, physical or chemical parameters agains depth or time, as used in geology & palaeoecology.

Usage

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strat.plot (d, yvar=NULL, scale.percent=FALSE, graph.widths=1, minmax=NULL, 
            scale.minmax=TRUE, xLeft=0.07, xRight=1, yBottom=0.07, 
            yTop=0.8, title="", cex.title=1.8, y.axis=TRUE, x.axis=TRUE,
            min.width=5, ylim=NULL, y.rev=FALSE, y.tks=NULL, y.tks.labels=NULL, 
            ylabel="", cex.ylabel=1, cex.yaxis=0.8, xSpace=0.01, x.pc.inc=10, 
            x.pc.lab=TRUE, x.pc.omit0=TRUE, wa.order="none", plot.line=TRUE, 
            col.line="black", lwd.line=1, col.symb="black", plot.bar=TRUE, 
            lwd.bar=1, col.bar="grey", sep.bar=FALSE, bar.back=FALSE,
            plot.poly=FALSE, col.poly="grey", col.poly.line=NA, lwd.poly=1,
            plot.symb=FALSE, symb.pch=19, symb.cex=1, x.names=NULL, cex.xlabel=1.1, 
            srt.xlabel=90, mgp=NULL, ylabPos=2, cex.axis=.8, clust=NULL, clust.width=0.1,
            orig.fig=NULL, exag=FALSE, exag.mult=5, col.exag="grey90", exag.alpha=0.2, 
            col.bg=NULL, fun1=NULL, fun2=NULL, add=FALSE, omitMissing=TRUE, ...)

addZone (x, upper, lower=NULL, ...)

addClustZone(x, clust, nZone, ...)

Arguments

d

a matrix or data frame of variables to plot.

yvar

a vector of depths or ages to use for the y-axis (defaults to sample number).

scale.percent

logical to scale x-axes for (biological) percentage data.

graph.widths

a vector of relative widths for each curve, used if scale.percent=FALSE.

minmax

2 * nvar matrix of min and max values to scale each curve if scale.percent=FALSE.

scale.minmax

logical to show only min and max values on x-axes (to avoid label crowding).

xLeft, xRight, yBottom, yTop

x, y position of plot on page, in relative units.

title

main title for plot.

x.names

character vector of names for each graph, of same length as ncol(d).

cex.title

size of label for title.

y.axis

logical to control drawing of left-hand y-axis scale. Defaults to TRUE.

x.axis

logical or logical vector to control drawing of x-axes. Defaults to TRUE.

min.width

minimum upper value of x-axis when scaled for percent data.

ylim

numeric vector of 2 values to control limist of y-axis. Defaults to data range.

y.rev

logical to reverse y-axis. Defaults to FALSE.

y.tks

numerical vector listing values of y-axis ticks.

y.tks.labels

character vector listing values of y-axis labels.

ylabel

label for y-axis.

ylabPos

position for y-axis label.

cex.ylabel, cex.yaxis

text size for y-axis labels and values.

xSpace

space between graphs, in relative units.

x.pc.inc

increment for x-axis values when scale.percent is TRUE.

x.pc.lab

logical to control drawing of x-axis values when scale.percent is TRUE.

x.pc.omit0

logical to omit initial zero x-axis label when scale.percent is TRUE.

wa.order

"none", "topleft" or "bottomleft", to sort variables according to the weighted average with y.

plot.line, plot.poly, plot.bar, plot.symb

logical flags to plot graphs as lines, silhouettes, bars or symbols.

col.line, col.poly.line

colour of lines and silhouette outlines. Can be a single colour or a vector of colours, one for each graph.

col.poly

silhouette fill colour. Can be a single colour or a vector of colours, one for each graph.

lwd.line, lwd.poly, lwd.bar

line widths for line, silhouette or bar graphs.

col.bar

colour of bars in a bar graph. col.bar can be a vector to specify colours of individual bars or graphs.

col.symb

symbol colour.

sep.bar

If true, colours in col.bar are applied to individual bars, otherwise individual graphs.

bar.back

logical to plot bars behind (TRUE) or on top (FALSE: default) of curves.

cex.xlabel

size of label for variable names.

srt.xlabel

rotation angle for variable names.

symb.pch, symb.cex

symbol type / size.

exag

logical to add exaggerated curves when plot.poly=TRUE. Can be a single value or a vector to add exaggeration to individual curves.

exag.mult

multiplier for exaggerated curves. Can be a single value or a vector to control exaggeration to individual curves.

col.exag

colour for exaggerated curves. Can be a single value, a vector to control colour of individual curves, or "auto" for transparent version of main curve.

exag.alpha

alpha channel for transparent exaggerated curves when col.exag="auto".

mgp

value of mgp for x-axes. See par for details.

cex.axis

text size for x-axis labels. See par for details.

clust

an constrained classification object of class chclust to add to plot.

fun1, fun2

custom functions to add additional features to curve. Can be a single function applied to all curves or a vector to apply individual functions to individual curves. fun1 draws behind curves, fun2 draws on top of curves.

clust.width

width of dendrogram to add to right of plot, in relative units.

orig.fig

fig values to specify area of window in which to place diagram. See par for details. Defaults to whole window.

add

logical to contol drawing of new page. See par for details. Defaults to FALSE in which a call to strat.plot will start a new diagram. Set to TRUE to add a diagram to an existing plot.

x

a stratigraphic diagram object produced by strat.plot.

upper, lower

upper and (optional) lower limits of a zone to add to an existing stratigraphic diagram.

nZone

number of zones to draw.

omitMissing

remove missing values before plotting. Defaults to TRUE.

col.bg

background colour for each curve.

...

further graphical arguments.

Details

strat.plot plots a series of variables in a stratigraphic diagram. Diagrams can be plotted as line graphs and / or bar charts. Samples are plotted on the y-axis by sample number by default but may be plotted against sample age or depth by specifying a variable for yvar. Margins of the plotting area can be changed using xLeft, xRight, yBottom and yTop. A dendrogram produced by chclust can be added to the right of the diagram.

The function addZone can be used to add a horizontal line or box to an existing plot, and addClustZone will add a specified number of zones from a dendrogram (see examples).

The function uses fig to split the screen and may be incompatible with par(mfrow) and split.screen.

Value

Returns a list containing the following objects:

box

Vector of 4 values giving the coordinates of the left, right, bottom and top of the plotting area, in relative units.

usr

Ranges of the plotting area, in data units.

yvar

Variable used for the y-axis.

ylim

Limits of the y-axis.

Author(s)

Steve Juggins

See Also

chclust.

Examples

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library(vegan) ## decorana
data(RLGH)
## Not run: 
# create appropriately sized graphics window
windows(width=12, height=7) # quartz() on Mac, X11 on linux

## End(Not run)
# remove less abundant taxa
mx <- apply(RLGH$spec, 2, max)
spec <- RLGH$spec[, mx > 3]
depth <- RLGH$depths$Depth
#basic stratigraphic plot
strat.plot(spec, y.rev=TRUE)
#scale for percentage data
strat.plot(spec, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE)
# plot by sample depth
strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE,
title="Round Loch of Glenhead", ylabel="Depth (cm)")
# add a dendromgram from constrained cluster analysis
diss <- dist(sqrt(RLGH$spec/100)^2)
clust <- chclust(diss, method="coniss")
# broken stick model suggest 3 significant zones
bstick(clust)
x <- strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE,
scale.percent=TRUE, title="Round Loch of Glenhead", ylabel="Depth (cm)",
clust=clust)
# add zones
addClustZone(x, clust, 3, col="red")
# use fig to contol diagram size and position
x <- strat.plot(spec, xRight = 0.7, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE,
scale.percent=TRUE, title="Round Loch of Glenhead", ylabel="Depth (cm)")
# add curves for first two DCA components of diatom data
dca <- decorana(spec, iweigh=1)
sc <- scores(dca, display="sites", choices=1:2)
strat.plot(sc, xLeft = 0.7, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, xRight=0.99,
y.axis=FALSE, clust=clust, clust.width=0.08, add=TRUE)

# Use custom function to add smooth to curve

sm.fun <- function(x, y, i, nm) {
  tmp <- data.frame(x=y, y=x)
  tmp <- na.omit(tmp)
  lo <- lowess(tmp, f=0.3)
  lines(lo$y, lo$x, col="red", lwd=1)
}

x <- strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE, 
title="Round Loch of Glenhead", ylabel="Depth (cm)", fun1=sm.fun)

# Pollen diagram using built-in Abernethy Forest dataset
data(aber)
depth <- aber$ages$Age
spec <- aber$spec

# basic silhouette plot
strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE, ylabel="Depth (cm)", 
plot.poly=TRUE, col.poly="darkgreen", col.poly.line=NA)

# now with horizontal lines at sample positions
strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE, ylabel="Depth (cm)", 
plot.poly=TRUE, col.poly="darkgreen", plot.bar="Full", col.poly.line=NA)

# add exaggerated curves
strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE, ylabel="Depth (cm)", 
plot.poly=TRUE, col.poly="darkgreen", plot.bar="Full", col.poly.line=NA, exag=TRUE)

# use different colours for trees
xx <- 1:ncol(spec)
cc <- ifelse(xx < 8, "darkgreen", "darkred")
strat.plot(spec, yvar = depth, y.rev=TRUE, scale.percent=TRUE, ylabel="Depth (cm)", 
plot.poly=TRUE, col.poly=cc, plot.bar="Full", col.poly.line=NA, exag=TRUE, col.exag="auto")

rioja documentation built on Oct. 28, 2020, 5:07 p.m.

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