# anova.lmrob: Analysis of Robust Deviances ('anova') for "lmrob" Objects In robustbase: Basic Robust Statistics

 anova.lmrob R Documentation

## Analysis of Robust Deviances ('anova') for "lmrob" Objects

### Description

Compute an analysis of robust Wald-type or deviance-type test tables for one or more linear regression models fitted by `lmrob`.

### Usage

``````## S3 method for class 'lmrob'
anova(object, ..., test = c("Wald", "Deviance"),
verbose = getOption("verbose"))
``````

### Arguments

 `object, ...` objects of class `"lmrob"`, typically the result of a call to `lmrob`. `...` arguments may also be symbolic descriptions of the reduced models (cf. argument `formula` in `lm`). `test` a character string specifying the test statistic to be used. Can be one of `"Wald"` or `"Deviance"`, with partial matching allowed, for specifying a `"Wald"`-type test or `"Deviance"`-type test. `verbose` logical; if true some informative messages are printed.

### Details

Specifying a single object gives a sequential analysis of a robust quasi-deviance table for that fit. That is, the reductions in the robust residual deviance as each term of the formula is added in turn are given in as the rows of a table. (Currently not yet implemented.)

If more than one object is specified, the table has a row for the residual quasi-degrees of freedom (however, this information is never used in the asymptotic tests). For all but the first model, the change in degrees of freedom and robust deviance is also given. (This only makes statistical sense if the models are nested.) As opposed to the convention, the models are forced to be listed from largest to smallest due to computational reasons.

In addition, the table will contain test statistics and P values comparing the reduction in robust deviances for the model on the row to that on top of it. There are two different robust tests available: The "Wald"-type test (`test = "Wald"`) and the Deviance-type test (`test = "Deviance"`). When using formula description of the nested models in the dot arguments and `test = "Deviance"`, you may be urged to supply a `lmrob` fit for these models by an error message. This happens when the coefficients of the largest model reduced to the nested models result in invalid initial estimates for the nested models (indicated by robustness weights which are all 0).

The comparison between two or more models by `anova.lmrob` will only be valid if they are fitted to the same dataset.

### Value

Basically, an object of class `anova` inheriting from class `data.frame`.

### Author(s)

Andreas Ruckstuhl

`lmrob`, `anova`.

### Examples

``````data(salinity)
summary(m0.sali  <- lmrob(Y ~ . , data = salinity))
anova(m0.sali, Y ~ X1 + X3)
## -> X2 is not needed
(m1.sali  <- lmrob(Y ~ X1 + X3, data = salinity))
anova(m0.sali, m1.sali) # the same as before
anova(m0.sali, m1.sali, test = "Deviance")
## whereas 'X3' is highly significant:
m2 <- update(m0.sali, ~ . -X3)
anova(m0.sali, m2)
anova(m0.sali, m2,  test = "Deviance")
## Global test [often not interesting]:
anova(m0.sali, update(m0.sali, . ~ 1), test = "Wald")
anova(m0.sali, update(m0.sali, . ~ 1), test = "Deviance")

if(require("MPV")) { ## Montgomery, Peck & Vining  datasets
Jet <- table.b13
Jet.rflm1 <- lmrob(y ~ ., data=Jet,
control = lmrob.control(max.it = 500))
summary(Jet.rflm1)

anova(Jet.rflm1, y ~ x1 + x5 + x6, test="Wald")

try( anova(Jet.rflm1, y ~ x1 + x5 + x6, test="Deviance") )
## -> Error in anovaLm....  Please fit the nested models by lmrob

## {{ since  all robustness weights become 0 in the nested model ! }}

## Ok: Do as the error message told us:
##    test by comparing the two *fitted* models:

Jet.rflm2 <- lmrob(y ~ x1 + x5 + x6, data=Jet,
control=lmrob.control(max.it=100))
anova(Jet.rflm1, Jet.rflm2, test="Deviance")

} # end{"MPV" data}

``````

robustbase documentation built on July 10, 2023, 2:01 a.m.