# fullRank: Remove Columns (or Rows) From a Matrix to Make It Full Rank In robustbase: Basic Robust Statistics

 fullRank R Documentation

## Remove Columns (or Rows) From a Matrix to Make It Full Rank

### Description

From the QR decomposition with pivoting, (`qr(x, tol)` if n ≥ p), if the matrix is not of full rank, the corresponding columns (n >= p) or rows (n < p) are omitted to form a full rank matrix.

### Usage

```fullRank(x, tol = 1e-7, qrx = qr(x, tol=tol))
```

### Arguments

 `x` a numeric matrix of dimension n * p, or a similar object for which `qr()` works. `tol` tolerance for determining rank (deficiency). Currently is simply passed to `qr`. `qrx` optionally may be used to pass a `qr(x, ..)`; only used when `p <= n`.

### Value

a version of the matrix `x`, with less columns or rows if `x`'s rank was smaller than `min(n,p)`.

If `x` is of full rank, it is returned unchanged.

### Note

This is useful for robustness algorithms that rely on X matrices of full rank, e.g., `adjOutlyingness`.

This also works for numeric data frames and whenever `qr()` works correctly.

### Author(s)

Martin Maechler

`qr`; for more sophisticated rank determination, `rankMatrix` from package Matrix.

### Examples

```stopifnot(identical(fullRank(wood), wood))

## More sophisticated and delicate
dim(T <- tcrossprod(data.matrix(toxicity))) # 38 x 38
dim(T. <- fullRank(T)) # 38 x 10
if(requireNamespace("Matrix")) {
rMmeths <- eval(formals(Matrix::rankMatrix)\$method)
rT. <- sapply(rMmeths, function(.m.) Matrix::rankMatrix(T., method = .m.))
print(rT.) # "qr" (= "qrLinpack"): 13,  others rather 10
}
dim(T.2 <- fullRank(T, tol = 1e-15))# 38 x 18
dim(T.3 <- fullRank(T, tol = 1e-12))# 38 x 13
dim(T.3 <- fullRank(T, tol = 1e-10))# 38 x 13
dim(T.3 <- fullRank(T, tol = 1e-8 ))# 38 x 12
dim(T.) # default from above          38 x 10
dim(T.3 <- fullRank(T, tol = 1e-5 ))# 38 x 10 -- still

plot(svd(T, 0,0)\$d, log="y", main = "singular values of T", yaxt="n")
axis(2, at=10^(-14:5), las=1)
## pretty clearly indicates that  rank 10  is "correct" here.
```

robustbase documentation built on April 3, 2022, 1:05 a.m.