huberM: Safe (generalized) Huber M-Estimator of Location

View source: R/huber.R

huberMR Documentation

Safe (generalized) Huber M-Estimator of Location

Description

(Generalized) Huber M-estimator of location with MAD scale, being sensible also when the scale is zero where huber() returns an error.

Usage

huberM(x, k = 1.5, weights = NULL, tol = 1e-06,
       mu = if(is.null(weights)) median(x) else wgt.himedian(x, weights),
       s =  if(is.null(weights)) mad(x, center=mu)
	    else wgt.himedian(abs(x - mu), weights),
       se = FALSE,
       warn0scale = getOption("verbose"))

Arguments

x

numeric vector.

k

positive factor; the algorithm winsorizes at k standard deviations.

weights

numeric vector of non-negative weights of same length as x, or NULL.

tol

convergence tolerance.

mu

initial location estimator.

s

scale estimator held constant through the iterations.

se

logical indicating if the standard error should be computed and returned (as SE component). Currently only available when weights is NULL.

warn0scale

logical; if true, and s is 0 and length(x) > 1, this will be warned about.

Details

Note that currently, when non-NULL weights are specified, the default for initial location mu and scale s is wgt.himedian, where strictly speaking a weighted “non-hi” median should be used for consistency. Since s is not updated, the results slightly differ, see the examples below.

When se = TRUE, the standard error is computed using the τ correction factor but no finite sample correction.

Value

list of location and scale parameters, and number of iterations used.

mu

location estimate

s

the s argument, typically the mad.

it

the number of “Huber iterations” used.

Author(s)

Martin Maechler, building on the MASS code mentioned.

References

Huber, P. J. (1981) Robust Statistics. Wiley.

See Also

hubers (and huber) in package MASS; mad.

Examples

huberM(c(1:9, 1000))
mad   (c(1:9, 1000))
mad   (rep(9, 100))
huberM(rep(9, 100))

## When you have "binned" aka replicated observations:
set.seed(7)
x <- c(round(rnorm(1000),1), round(rnorm(50, m=10, sd = 10)))
t.x <- table(x) # -> unique values and multiplicities
x.uniq <- as.numeric(names(t.x)) ## == sort(unique(x))
x.mult <- unname(t.x)
str(Hx  <- huberM(x.uniq, weights = x.mult), digits = 7)
str(Hx. <- huberM(x, s = Hx$s, se=TRUE), digits = 7) ## should be ~= Hx
stopifnot(all.equal(Hx[-4], Hx.[-4]))
str(Hx2 <- huberM(x, se=TRUE), digits = 7)## somewhat different, since 's' differs

## Confirm correctness of std.error :

system.time(
SS <- replicate(10000, vapply(huberM(rnorm(400), se=TRUE), as.double, 1.))
) # ~ 12.2 seconds
rbind(mean(SS["SE",]), sd(SS["mu",]))# both ~ 0.0508
stopifnot(all.equal(mean(SS["SE",]),
                    sd ( SS["mu",]), tolerance= 0.002))


robustbase documentation built on April 3, 2022, 1:05 a.m.