R/lib.rpart.plot.R

Defines functions my.abbreviate unique.substr formatf format0 formate my.strwidth my.strheight set.family is.box.invisible is.invisible check.func.args is.leaf is.left is.na.or.zero

# lib.rpart.plot.R: miscellaneous definitions for rpart.plot.  See also lib.R.

# We use identical() and not is.na() below because is.na(x) gives warnings
# for certain x's, e.g if x is a function, and x == 0 gives warnings if x
# is a vector or a function etc.
# TODO this won't work if x is a numeric NA (as opposed to a logical NA)?

is.na.or.zero <- function(x) identical(x, NA) || identical(x, 0)

is.left <- function(nodes) nodes %% 2 == 0

is.leaf <- function(frame) frame$var == "<leaf>"

# Check that func is indeed a function and has the same args as
# the reference function.
#
# If func is a string, we find the function with that name (and the
# returned value is the function, not the string).  The advantage of
# specifying func as a string is that we only match on the object in
# the current environment that is a _function_.

check.func.args <- function(func, func.name.msg, ref.func)
{
    if(is.null(func))
        stop0("NULL is not a legal value for ", func.name.msg)
    if(is.character(func)) {
        if(length(func) != 1)
            stop0("bad value for", func.name.msg)
        # n=2 for the caller of this func's caller (this won't always
        # be a big enough n, but it helps prevent func name aliasing
        # with the internal objects of whoever called check.func.args)
        func <- eval.parent(func, n=2)
        func <- get(func, mode="function")
    }
    if(!is.function(func))
        stop0(func.name.msg, " is not a function");
    names <- names(formals(func))
    ref.names <- names(formals(ref.func))

    # some processing because the argnames for func have
    # to match the ref.func only up to the dots
    names.nodots <- names
    ref.names.nodots <- ref.names
    len <- length(ref.names.nodots)
    dots.index <- which(ref.names.nodots[len] == "...")
    if(length(dots.index))
    {
        # truncate to include only the argnames up to the dots
        newlen <- dots.index[1] - 1
        ref.names.nodots <- ref.names.nodots[1:newlen]
        if(newlen <= length(names.nodots))
            names.nodots <- names.nodots[1:newlen]
    }

    if(!identical(names.nodots, ref.names.nodots)) {
        if(length(names) == 0)
            stop0("the ", func.name.msg,
                " function needs the following argument:\n    ",
                paste.collapse(ref.names))
        else
            stop0("the ", func.name.msg,
                if(length(ref.names)==1)
                    " function needs the following argument:\n    "
                else
                    " function needs the following arguments:\n    ",
                paste.collapse(ref.names),
                "\nYou have:\n    ", paste.collapse(names))
    }
    func
}
# Return TRUE if col matches the background color
# where "match" means if we plot the color we will not see it

is.invisible <- function(col, bg)
{
    all(col == bg | col == 0 | col == "transparent" | is.na(col))
}
is.box.invisible <- function(box.col, border.col, bg)
{
    is.invisible(box.col, bg) && is.invisible(border.col, bg)
}

last.family.global <- "" # global to set.family and used only by that function

set.family <- function(family)
{
    if(family != last.family.global) {
        par(family=family)
        unlockBinding("last.family.global", asNamespace("rpart.plot"))
        last.family.global <<- family   # note <<- not <-
    }
}
# The standard strheight doesn't vectorize properly (as I would expect anyway).
# Also it return negative values for descending ylim (is that a bug?)
# Also it doesn't have a family argument.
# Hence this work around.  Also changed arg order for convenience in this package.
# TODO report vectorization issue.

my.strheight <- function(s, cex=NULL, font=NULL, family="", units="user")
{
    n <- length(s)
    units  <- repl(units, n)
    cex    <- repl(cex, n)
    font   <- repl(font, n)
    family <- repl(family, n)
    height <- double(n)
    if(n > 0) for(i in 1:n) {
        set.family(family[i])
        height[i] <- strheight(s[i], units[i], cex[i], font[i], vfont=NULL)
    }
    abs(height)
}
my.strwidth <- function(s, cex=NULL, font=NULL, family="", units="user")
{
    n <- length(s)
    units  <- repl(units, n)
    cex    <- repl(cex, n)
    font   <- repl(font, n)
    family <- repl(family, n)
    width  <- double(n)
    if(n > 0) for(i in 1:n) {
        set.family(family[i])
        width[i] <- strwidth(s[i], units[i], cex[i], font[i], vfont=NULL)
    }
    abs(width)
}
# formate converts the given number (could also be a vector of
# numbers) to a string using engineering exponents (multiple of 3).
# Numbers between smallest and largest will be printed by
# format() without an exponent.
# TODO test different values for smallest and largest

formate <- function(x, digits=2, smallest=.001, largest=9999, strip.leading.zeros=FALSE)
{
    formate1 <- function(x) # x is a scalar, convert it to eng notation
    {
        neg <- if(x < 0) "-" else ""
        n <- 0
        x <- abs(x)
        if(x > 1) {
            while(x / 10^n > 1)
                n <- n + 3
            n <- n - 3
            x <- paste0(neg, format(x / 10^n, digits=digits), "e+", n)
        } else { # x <= 1
            while(x * 10^n < 1)
                n <- n + 3
            x <- paste0(neg, format(x * 10^n, digits=digits), "e-", n)
        }
        x
    }
    format1 <- function(x) {  # x is a scalar, apply appropriate formatting function
        if(digits==0 || x == 0 || is.na(x) || is.infinite(x) ||
                (abs(x) >= smallest && abs(x) <= largest))
            format(x, digits=digits)
        else
            formate1(x)
    }
    # formate starts here
    digits <- abs(digits) # TODO correct?
    stopifnot(is.numeric(digits) && length(digits) == 1 && digits > 0)
    stopifnot(is.numeric(x) && length(x) >= 1)
    stopifnot(is.numeric(smallest) && length(smallest) == 1 && smallest <= .1)
    stopifnot(is.numeric(largest)  && length(largest) == 1  && largest >= 100)
    s <- sapply(x, format1)
    s <- gsub(" ", "", s) # remove spaces sometimes inserted by format
    if(strip.leading.zeros)
        s <- gsub("^0\\.([0-9])", ".\\1", s) # 0.12 becomes .12, -0.12 doesn't change
    s
}
# format0 converts the given number (could also be a vector of
# numbers) to a string in the following manner:
#
# (i)    Each number is formatted individually, so no
#        aggregation of widths etc.
#
# (ii)  If digits == 0 use options("digits")
#
# (iii) If digits < 0 use format()
#
#       If digits > 0 use exponents only for numbers not in range
#       .001 to 9999, and use engineering exponents (multiple of 3)
#
# (iv) Strips excess zeros from exponents: 0.1e+02 becomes .1e+2

format0 <- function(x, digits=2)
{
    check.integer.scalar(digits)
    if(digits == 0)
        digits <- getOption("digits")
    if(digits >= 0)
        formate(x, digits, smallest=.001, largest=9999)
    else # digits < 0
        sapply(x, format, digits=-digits)
}
# formatf converts the given number (could also be a vector of
# numbers) to a string in the following manner:
# (i)  Uses sprintf %.Df so fixed number of decimal places in all values in x
# (ii) If strip.leading.zeros then strips leading zeros: 0.12 becomes .12
#      (which is useful when space is tight)

formatf <- function(x, digits=2, strip.leading.zeros=FALSE)
{
    s <- sprintf("%.*f", if(digits > 0) digits else 0, x)
    if(strip.leading.zeros)
        s <- gsub("^0\\.([0-9])", ".\\1", s) # 0.12 becomes .12, -0.12 doesn't change
    s
}
# Truncate names to smallest length where all names
# are still unique, but retain at least minlen chars.

unique.substr <- function(names, minlen)
{
    stopifnot(minlen > 0)
    maxlen <- 100 # arbitrary
    if(minlen > maxlen)
        maxlen <- minlen + 1
    nbr.of.names <- length(unique(names))
    for(len in minlen:maxlen)
        if(length(unique(substr(names, 1, len))) == nbr.of.names)
            break
    if(len == maxlen) {
        warning0("could not find unique substring for \"", names[1],
                 "\" and related names")
        return(names) # NOTE: return
    }
    substr(names, 1, len)
}
# my.abbreviate does this:
#   minlen < 0  truncate names (but keep them unique, see unique.substr)
#   minlen = 0  leave names as is
#   minlen > 0  abbreviate names
# Also, if one.is.special and minlen=1 then print names using alphanumeric chars a, b, ...
# Note that this can only handle vecs (not lists etc. like abbreviate)

my.abbreviate <- function(names, minlen, one.is.special=FALSE)
{
    stopifnot(is.numeric(minlen) && floor(minlen) == minlen)
    if(minlen == 1 && one.is.special) {
        if(length(names) > 52) # 52 = 2 * 26 letters in alphabet
            stop0(deparse(substitute(minlen)),
                  "=1 but more than 52 levels: \"", names[1],
                  "\", \"", names[2], ", \"", names[3], "\" ...")
        c(letters, LETTERS)[1:length(names)]
    } else if(minlen > 0)
        abbreviate(names, minlen)
    else if(minlen < 0)
        unique.substr(names, -minlen)
    else # minlen == 0
        paste(names)
}

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rpart.plot documentation built on May 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.