Speed-Accuracy Data from Wagenmakers, Ratcliff, Gomez, & McKoon (2008, Experiment 1)
Responses and response times from an experiment in which instruction manipulated speed and accuracy between blocks. This data was also analyzed by Heathcote and Love (2012) who were the first to use the 17 participants also included here.
data.frame with 31,522 obs. and 9 variables:
accuracyfor blocks with accuracy instructions;
speedfor blocks with speed instruction
unique identifier of stimulus, stimuli are nested in frequency conditions
category of stimulus, either word or non-word
"high frequency word", "low frequency word", "very low frequency word", or non-words derived from the first three categories
nonword, or not interpretable response (
error, i.e., pushed a button, but not the right one and also not the one next to the right button)
response time in seconds
boolean indicating whether or not a response should be eliminated prior to analysis; uninterpretable response, too fast response (<180 ms), too slow response (>3 sec)
The data excludes the practice blocks but includes all trials. Variable
censor can be used for excluding all trials also excluded from the papers using it namely uninterpretable response, too fast response (<180 ms), too slow response (>3 sec). Heathcote and Love (2012, p. 7) describe the data as follows:
We fit the LBA and LNR models to data from Wagenmaker et al.'s (2008) experiment one, where participants made decisions about whether a string of letters constituted a word. These lexical decisions were made about four types of stimuli, non-words (nw) and high-frequency (hf), low-frequency (lf), and very low-frequency (vlf) words. Participants made decisions either under speed or accuracy emphasis instructions in different experimental blocks. Accuracy blocks were preceded by the message "Try to respond accurately" and "ERROR" was displayed after each wrong response. Speed blocks were preceded by the message "Try to respond accurately" and "TOO SLOW" was displayed after each response slower than 0.75 s.We report analyses of data from 17 participants (31,412 data points) in their Experiment 1, including the 15 participants analyzed in Wagenmakers et al. (2008) and two extras (we thank Eric-Jan Wagenmakers for supplying this data).
Wagenmakers, E.-J., Ratcliff, R., Gomez, P., & McKoon, G. (2008). A diffusion model account of criterion shifts in the lexical decision task. Journal of Memory and Language, 58(1), 140-159.
Heathcote, A., & Love, J. (2012). Linear deterministic accumulator models of simple choice. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Science, 3, 292. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00292
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data(speed_acc) str(speed_acc) # remove excluded trials: speed_acc <- droplevels(speed_acc[!speed_acc$censor,]) # new factors for obtaining values as in Table 1, Wagenmakers et al. (2008, p. 152) speed_acc$freq <- with(speed_acc, factor(ifelse(stim_cat == "nonword", "nonword", as.character(frequency)), levels = c("high", "low", "very_low", "nonword"))) # corr = correct (0 = correct, 1 = error) speed_acc$corr <- with(speed_acc, 1-as.numeric(stim_cat == response)) str(speed_acc) ## aggregated RTs: aggregate(rt ~ condition + freq + corr, speed_acc, mean) ## Error Rate: aggregate(corr ~ condition + freq + corr, speed_acc, mean)
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