stri_split: Split a String By Pattern Matches

View source: R/search_split_4.R

stri_splitR Documentation

Split a String By Pattern Matches


These functions split each element in str into substrings. pattern defines the delimiters that separate the inputs into tokens. The input data between the matches become the fields themselves.


stri_split(str, ..., regex, fixed, coll, charclass)

  n = -1L,
  omit_empty = FALSE,
  tokens_only = FALSE,
  simplify = FALSE,
  opts_fixed = NULL

  n = -1L,
  omit_empty = FALSE,
  tokens_only = FALSE,
  simplify = FALSE,
  opts_regex = NULL

  n = -1L,
  omit_empty = FALSE,
  tokens_only = FALSE,
  simplify = FALSE,
  opts_collator = NULL

  n = -1L,
  omit_empty = FALSE,
  tokens_only = FALSE,
  simplify = FALSE



character vector; strings to search in


supplementary arguments passed to the underlying functions, including additional settings for opts_collator, opts_regex, opts_fixed, and so on

pattern, regex, fixed, coll, charclass

character vector; search patterns; for more details refer to stringi-search


integer vector, maximal number of strings to return, and, at the same time, maximal number of text boundaries to look for


logical vector; determines whether empty tokens should be removed from the result (TRUE or FALSE) or replaced with NAs (NA)


single logical value; may affect the result if n is positive, see Details


single logical value; if TRUE or NA, then a character matrix is returned; otherwise (the default), a list of character vectors is given, see Value

opts_collator, opts_fixed, opts_regex

a named list used to tune up the search engine's settings; see stri_opts_collator, stri_opts_fixed, and stri_opts_regex, respectively; NULL for the defaults


Vectorized over str, pattern, n, and omit_empty (with recycling of the elements in the shorter vector if necessary).

If n is negative, then all pieces are extracted. Otherwise, if tokens_only is FALSE (which is the default), then n-1 tokens are extracted (if possible) and the n-th string gives the remainder (see Examples). On the other hand, if tokens_only is TRUE, then only full tokens (up to n pieces) are extracted.

omit_empty is applied during the split process: if it is set to TRUE, then tokens of zero length are ignored. Thus, empty strings will never appear in the resulting vector. On the other hand, if omit_empty is NA, then empty tokens are substituted with missing strings.

Empty search patterns are not supported. If you wish to split a string into individual characters, use, e.g., stri_split_boundaries(str, type='character') for THE Unicode way.

stri_split is a convenience function. It calls either stri_split_regex, stri_split_fixed, stri_split_coll, or stri_split_charclass, depending on the argument used.


If simplify=FALSE (the default), then the functions return a list of character vectors.

Otherwise, stri_list2matrix with byrow=TRUE and n_min=n arguments is called on the resulting object. In such a case, a character matrix with an appropriate number of rows (according to the length of str, pattern, etc.) is returned. Note that stri_list2matrix's fill argument is set to an empty string and NA, for simplify equal to TRUE and NA, respectively.


Marek Gagolewski and other contributors

See Also

The official online manual of stringi at

Gagolewski M., stringi: Fast and portable character string processing in R, Journal of Statistical Software 103(2), 2022, 1-59, \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.18637/jss.v103.i02")}

Other search_split: about_search, stri_split_boundaries(), stri_split_lines()


stri_split_fixed('a_b_c_d', '_')
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_')
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_', omit_empty=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_', n=2, tokens_only=FALSE) # 'a' & remainder
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_', n=2, tokens_only=TRUE) # 'a' & 'b' only
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_', n=4, omit_empty=TRUE, tokens_only=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_', n=4, omit_empty=FALSE, tokens_only=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed('a_b_c__d', '_', omit_empty=NA)
stri_split_fixed(c('ab_c', 'd_ef_g', 'h', ''), '_', n=1, tokens_only=TRUE, omit_empty=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed(c('ab_c', 'd_ef_g', 'h', ''), '_', n=2, tokens_only=TRUE, omit_empty=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed(c('ab_c', 'd_ef_g', 'h', ''), '_', n=3, tokens_only=TRUE, omit_empty=TRUE)

stri_list2matrix(stri_split_fixed(c('ab,c', 'd,ef,g', ',h', ''), ',', omit_empty=TRUE))
stri_split_fixed(c('ab,c', 'd,ef,g', ',h', ''), ',', omit_empty=FALSE, simplify=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed(c('ab,c', 'd,ef,g', ',h', ''), ',', omit_empty=NA, simplify=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed(c('ab,c', 'd,ef,g', ',h', ''), ',', omit_empty=TRUE, simplify=TRUE)
stri_split_fixed(c('ab,c', 'd,ef,g', ',h', ''), ',', omit_empty=NA, simplify=NA)

stri_split_regex(c('ab,c', 'd,ef  ,  g', ',  h', ''),
   '\\p{WHITE_SPACE}*,\\p{WHITE_SPACE}*', omit_empty=NA, simplify=TRUE)

stri_split_charclass('Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet', '\\p{WHITE_SPACE}')
stri_split_charclass(' Lorem  ipsum dolor', '\\p{WHITE_SPACE}', n=3,
   omit_empty=c(FALSE, TRUE))

stri_split_regex('Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet',
   '\\p{Z}+') # see also stri_split_charclass

stringi documentation built on Nov. 23, 2023, 5:07 p.m.

Related to stri_split in stringi...