Survival in cardiac arrest

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Description

These data are from Section 12.2 of Levy and Lemeshow. They describe (a possibly apocryphal) study of survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Two out of five ambulance stations were sampled from each of three emergency service areas.

Usage

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data(scd)

Format

This data frame contains the following columns:

ESA

Emergency Service Area (strata)

ambulance

Ambulance station (PSU)

arrests

estimated number of cardiac arrests

alive

number reaching hospital alive

Source

Levy and Lemeshow. "Sampling of Populations" (3rd edition). Wiley.

Examples

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data(scd)

## survey design objects
scddes<-svydesign(data=scd, prob=~1, id=~ambulance, strata=~ESA,
nest=TRUE, fpc=rep(5,6))
scdnofpc<-svydesign(data=scd, prob=~1, id=~ambulance, strata=~ESA,
nest=TRUE)

# convert to BRR replicate weights
scd2brr <- as.svrepdesign(scdnofpc, type="BRR")
# or to Rao-Wu bootstrap
scd2boot <- as.svrepdesign(scdnofpc, type="subboot")

# use BRR replicate weights from Levy and Lemeshow
repweights<-2*cbind(c(1,0,1,0,1,0), c(1,0,0,1,0,1), c(0,1,1,0,0,1),
c(0,1,0,1,1,0))
scdrep<-svrepdesign(data=scd, type="BRR", repweights=repweights)

# ratio estimates
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scddes)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scdnofpc)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scd2brr)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scd2boot)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scdrep)

# or a logistic regression
summary(svyglm(cbind(alive,arrests-alive)~1, family=quasibinomial, design=scdnofpc))
summary(svyglm(cbind(alive,arrests-alive)~1, family=quasibinomial, design=scdrep))

# Because no sampling weights are given, can't compute design effects
# without replacement: use deff="replace"

svymean(~alive+arrests, scddes, deff=TRUE)
svymean(~alive+arrests, scddes, deff="replace")

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