triwa_sb: Titration Curve for Triprotic Weak Acid

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) Examples

View source: R/triwa_sb.R

Description

This function calculates and plots the titration curve for a triprotic weak acid analyte using a monoprotic strong base as the titrant. The calculation uses a single master equation that finds the volume of titrant needed to achieve a fixed pH, as outlined in R. de Levie's Principles of Quantitative Chemical Analysis (McGraw-Hill, 1997).

Usage

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triwa_sb(conc.acid = 0.1, conc.base = 0.1, pka1 = 4, pka2 = 7,
  pka3 = 10, pkw = 14, vol.acid = 50, plot = TRUE, eqpt = FALSE,
  overlay = FALSE, ...)

Arguments

conc.acid

Molar concentration of the triprotic weak acid analyte; defaults to 0.10 M.

conc.base

Molar concentration of the strong base titrant; defaults to 0.10 M.

pka1

The pKa1 value for the triprotic weak acid analyte; defaults to a pKa1 of 4.

pka2

The pKa2 value for the triprotic weak acid analyte; defaults to a pKa2 of 7.

pka3

The pKa3 value for the triprotic weak acid analyte; defaults to a pKa3 of 10.

pkw

The pKw (or pKs) value for the solvent; defaults to water as a solvent with a pKw of 14.

vol.acid

The initial volume, in mL, of the solution that contains the weak acid analyte; defaults to 50.00 mL.

plot

Logical; if TRUE, plots the titration curve.

eqpt

Logical; if TRUE, draws a vertical line at the titration curve's equivalence point.

overlay

Logical; if TRUE, adds the current titration curve to the existing titration curve.

...

Additional arguments to pass to plot() function.

Value

A two-column data frame that contains the volume of titrant in the first column and the solution's pH in the second column. Also produces a plot of the titration curve with options to display the equivalence point and to overlay titration curves.

Author(s)

David T. Harvey, DePauw University. [email protected]

Examples

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### Simple titration curve with equivalence points
ex7 = triwa_sb(eqpt = TRUE)
head(ex7)

### Overlay titration curves using different pKa1 and pKa2 values
triwa_sb(pka1 = 4, pka2 = 7, pka3 = 10, eqpt = TRUE)
triwa_sb(pka1 = 3, pka2 = 7, pka3 = 11, overlay = TRUE)
triwa_sb(pka1 = 5, pka2 = 7, pka3 = 9, overlay = TRUE)

Example output

      volume   ph
1 0.02153947 2.51
2 0.08999953 2.52
3 0.15852091 2.53
4 0.22713343 2.54
5 0.29586693 2.55
6 0.36475129 2.56

titrationCurves documentation built on May 29, 2017, 3:06 p.m.