unmaskedRegions: Extract Unmasked Regions from 'MaskedBSgenome' Object

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/unmaskedRegions.R

Description

Create a GRangesList of unmasked regions from a MaskedBSgenome object

Usage

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unmaskedRegions(x, chrs=character(), pseudoautosomal=NULL,
                ignoreGaps=250, activeMasks=active(masks(x[[1]])))

Arguments

x

a MaskedBSgenome object

chrs

a character vector of chromosome names to restrict to; if empty (default), all chromosomes in x are considered.

pseudoautosomal

if NULL (default), the chromosomes are considered as they are; pseudoautosomal must be a data frame complying with the format of the pseudoautosomal.hg18, pseudoautosomal.hg19, and pseudoautosomal.hg38 from the GWASTools package (see details below).

ignoreGaps

skip assembly gaps only if larger than this threshold; in turn, if two unmasked regions are separated by an assembly gap not larger than ignoreGaps, they are joined in the resuling GRanges object.

activeMasks

masks to apply for determining unmasked region; defaults to the masks that are active by default in the MaskedBSgenome object x. Therefore, this argument only needs to be set if a masking other than the default is necessary.

Details

This function takes a MaskedBSgenome object x and extracts the genomic regions that are unmasked in this genome, where the set of masks to apply can be specified using the activeMasks argument. The result is returned as a GRangesList object each component of which corresponds to one chromosome of the genome x - or a subset thereof if the chrs argument has been specified.

The pseudoautosomal argument allows for a special treatment of pseudoautosomal regions. If not NULL, this argument must be a data frame that contains columns with names “chrom”, “start.base”, and “end.base”. The “chrom” column must contain chromosome names as they appear in the MaskedBSgenome object x. The columns “start.base” and “end.base” must contain numeric values that specify the starts and ends of pseudoautosomal regions, respectively. The function is implemented such that the data frames pseudoautosomal.hg18, pseudoautosomal.hg19, and pseudoautosomal.hg38 provided by the GWASTools package can be used (except for the chromosome names that need to be adapted to hg18/hg19/hg38). If the pseudoautosomal argument is specified correctly, the unmaskedRegions function produces separate components in the resulting GRangesList object - one for each pseudoautosomal region. These components are named as the corresponding row names in the data frame pseudoautosomal. Moreover, these regions are omitted from the list of unmasked regions of the chromosomes they are on.

Value

a GRangesList object (see details above)

Author(s)

Ulrich Bodenhofer bodenhofer@bioinf.jku.at

References

http://www.bioinf.jku.at/software/podkat

See Also

GRangesList, pseudoautosomal

Examples

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## load packages to obtain masked hg38genome and
##  pseudoautosomal.hg19 from GWASTools package
if (require(BSgenome.Hsapiens.UCSC.hg38.masked) && require(GWASTools))
{
    ## extract unmasked regions of all autosomal chromosomes
    regions <- unmaskedRegions(BSgenome.Hsapiens.UCSC.hg38.masked,
                               chrs=paste0("chr", 1:22))
    names(regions)
    regions$chr1

    ## adjust chromosome names
    pseudoautosomal.hg38
    psaut <- pseudoautosomal.hg38
    psaut$chrom <- paste0("chr", psaut$chrom)
    psaut

    ## extract unmasked regions of sex chromosomes taking pseudoautosomal
    ## regions into account
    regions <- unmaskedRegions(BSgenome.Hsapiens.UCSC.hg38.masked,
                               chrs=c("chrX", "chrY"), pseudoautosomal=psaut)
    names(regions)
    regions$chrX
    regions$X.PAR1

    ## check overlap between X chromosome and a pseudoautosomal region
    intersect(regions$chrX, regions$X.PAR1)
}

UBod/podkat documentation built on June 18, 2021, 10:01 a.m.