R/plot2Loadings.R

Defines functions plot2Loadings

Documented in plot2Loadings

#'
#' Plot PCA Loadings from a Spectra Object Against Each Other
#'
#' Plots two PCA loadings specified by the user, and labels selected (extreme)
#' points.  Typically used to determine which variables (frequencies) are
#' co-varying, although in spectroscopy most peaks are represented by several
#' variables and hence there is a lot of co-varying going on.  Also useful to
#' determine which variables are contributing the most to the clustering on a
#' score plot.
#'
#' @param spectra An object of S3 class \code{\link{Spectra}}.
#'
#' @param pca An object of class \code{\link{prcomp}}, modified to include a
#' list element called \code{$method}, a character string describing the
#' pre-processing carried out and the type of PCA performed (it appears on the
#' plot).  This is automatically provided if \code{ChemoSpec} functions
#' \code{\link{c_pcaSpectra}} or \code{\link{r_pcaSpectra}} were used to create
#' \code{pca}.
#'
#' @param loads A vector of two integers specifying which loading vectors to
#' plot.
#'
#' @template param-graphics-dots
#' @template param-tol
#' @template param-graphics-return
#'
#' @template authors-BH-TG
#'
#' @seealso See \code{\link{plotLoadings}} to plot one loading against the
#' original variable (frequency) axis.  See \code{\link{sPlotSpectra}} for
#' a different approach.  Additional documentation at
#' \url{https://bryanhanson.github.io/ChemoSpec/}
#'
#' @keywords multivariate hplot
#'
#' @export plot2Loadings
#'
#' @importFrom graphics plot abline legend
#' @importFrom ggplot2 ggplot
#' @importFrom magrittr %>%
#' @importFrom plotly add_annotations
#' @importFrom grid gpar
#' @importFrom ChemoSpecUtils .getVarExplained
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' # This example assumes the graphics output is set to ggplot2 (see ?GraphicsOptions).
#' library("ggplot2")
#' data(SrE.IR)
#' pca <- c_pcaSpectra(SrE.IR)
#' myt <- expression(bolditalic(Serenoa) ~ bolditalic(repens) ~ bold(IR ~ Spectra))
#' p <- res <- plot2Loadings(SrE.IR, pca, loads = c(1, 2), tol = 0.001)
#' p <- p + ggtitle(myt)
#' p
#'
plot2Loadings <- function(spectra,
                          pca,
                          loads = c(1, 2),
                          tol = 0.05,
                          ...) {

  # Function to plot loadings against each other
  # Part of the ChemoSpec package
  # Bryan Hanson, DePauw University, June 2008

  .chkArgs(mode = 12L)
  if (length(loads) != 2) stop("You must choose exactly 2 loadings to plot.")
  chkSpectra(spectra)

  # pull the requested loadings

  loadings1 <- pca$rotation[, loads[1]]
  loadings2 <- pca$rotation[, loads[2]]

  variance <- .getVarExplained(pca)
  txt1 <- paste("PC", loads[1], " (", format(variance[loads[1]], digits = 2), "%", ") loadings", sep = "")
  txt2 <- paste("PC", loads[2], " (", format(variance[loads[2]], digits = 2), "%", ") loadings", sep = "")

  xrange <- range(loadings1) * c(1.0, 1.05) # makes room for labels
  yrange <- range(loadings2) * c(1.0, 1.05)

  go <- chkGraphicsOpt()

  if (go == "base") {
    plot(loadings1, loadings2, xlab = txt1, ylab = txt2, pch = 20, xlim = xrange, ylim = yrange, ...)
    abline(v = 0.0, col = "red")
    abline(h = 0.0, col = "red")
    legend("bottomleft", y = NULL, pca$method, bty = "n", cex = 0.75)

    if (is.numeric(tol)) .labelExtremes(pca$rotation[, loads], spectra$freq, tol)

    res <- data.frame(freq = spectra$freq, load1 = loadings1, load2 = loadings2)
    return(res)
  }

  if ((go == "ggplot2") || (go == "plotly")) {
    load1 <- load2 <- x <- y <- label <- NULL
    .chkReqGraphicsPkgs("ggplot2")

    res <- data.frame(freq = spectra$freq, load1 = loadings1, load2 = loadings2)

    p <- ggplot(res, aes(x = load1, y = load2)) +
      theme_bw() +
      xlab(txt1) +
      ylab(txt2)

    p <- p + geom_point() +
      geom_hline(yintercept = 0, color = "red") +
      geom_vline(xintercept = 0, color = "red")

    p <- p + theme(
      # Remove panel grid lines
      panel.grid.major = element_blank(),
      panel.grid.minor = element_blank()
    )

    if (go == "ggplot2") {
      # do this annotation here as plotly doesn't understand it/suppress warning from plotly
      p <- p + .ggAnnotate(pca$method, x = 0.05, y = 0.98, just = "left", gp = gpar(fontsize = 10))
      if (is.numeric(tol)) {
        CoordList <- .getExtremeCoords(pca$rotation[, loads], spectra$freq, tol)
        df <- data.frame(x = CoordList$x, y = CoordList$y, label = CoordList$l)
        p <- p + .ggRepel(df)
      }
      return(p)
    } else {
      .chkReqGraphicsPkgs("plotly")
      p <- ggplotly(p)
      if (is.numeric(tol)) {
        CoordList <- .getExtremeCoords(pca$rotation[, loads], spectra$freq, tol)
        df <- data.frame(x = CoordList$x, y = CoordList$y, label = CoordList$l)
        p <- p %>% add_annotations(
          x = df$x, y = df$y, text = df$label, xref = "x",
          yref = "y",
          showarrow = TRUE,
          arrowhead = 4,
          arrowsize = .5,
          ax = 10,
          ay = -20,
          font = list(
            size = 12
          )
        )
      }
      return(p)
    }
  }
}
bryanhanson/ChemoSpec documentation built on Jan. 9, 2022, 6:41 p.m.