xDAGanno: Function to generate a subgraph of a direct acyclic graph...

Description Usage Arguments Value Note See Also Examples

View source: R/xDAGanno.r

Description

xDAGanno is supposed to produce a subgraph induced by the input annotation data, given a direct acyclic graph (DAG; an ontology). The input is a graph of "igraph", a list of the vertices containing annotation data, and the mode defining the paths to the root of DAG. The induced subgraph contains vertices (with annotation data) and their ancestors along with the defined paths to the root of DAG. The annotations at these vertices (including their ancestors) can also be updated according to the true-path rule: those annotated to a term should also be annotated by its all ancestor terms.

Usage

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xDAGanno(g, annotation, path.mode = c("all_paths", "shortest_paths",
"all_shortest_paths"), true.path.rule = TRUE, verbose = TRUE)

Arguments

g

an object of class "igraph" to represent DAG

annotation

the vertices/nodes for which annotation data are provided. It can be a sparse Matrix of class "dgCMatrix" (with variants/genes as rows and terms as columns), or a list of nodes/terms each containing annotation data, or an object of class 'GS' (basically a list for each node/term with annotation data)

path.mode

the mode of paths induced by vertices/nodes with input annotation data. It can be "all_paths" for all possible paths to the root, "shortest_paths" for only one path to the root (for each node in query), "all_shortest_paths" for all shortest paths to the root (i.e. for each node, find all shortest paths with the equal lengths)

true.path.rule

logical to indicate whether the true-path rule should be applied to propagate annotations. By default, it sets to true

verbose

logical to indicate whether the messages will be displayed in the screen. By default, it sets to true for display

Value

Note

For the mode "shortest_paths", the induced subgraph is the most concise, and thus informative for visualisation when there are many nodes in query, while the mode "all_paths" results in the complete subgraph.

See Also

xRDataLoader

Examples

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## Not run: 
# 1) SNP-based ontology
# 1a) ig.EF (an object of class "igraph" storing as a directed graph)
g <- xRDataLoader('ig.EF')

# 1b) load GWAS SNPs annotated by EF (an object of class "dgCMatrix" storing a spare matrix)
anno <- xRDataLoader(RData='GWAS2EF')

# 1c) prepare for annotation data
# randomly select 5 terms/vertices (and their annotation data)
annotation <- anno[, sample(1:dim(anno)[2],5)]

# 1d) obtain the induced subgraph according to the input annotation data
# based on shortest paths (i.e. the most concise subgraph induced)
dag <- xDAGanno(g, annotation, path.mode="shortest_paths",
verbose=TRUE)

# 1e) color-code nodes/terms according to the number of annotations
data <- sapply(V(dag)$anno, length)
names(data) <- V(dag)$name
dnet::visDAG(g=dag, data=data, node.info="both")

####################
# Below is for those SNPs annotated by the term called 'ankylosing spondylitis'
# The steps 1a) and 1b) are the same as above
# 1c') prepare for annotation data
# select a term 'ankylosing spondylitis'
terms <- V(g)$term_id[grep('ankylosing spondylitis',V(g)$term_name,
perl=TRUE)]
ind <- which(colnames(anno) %in% terms)
annotation <- lapply(ind, function(x){names(which(anno[,x]!=0))})
names(annotation) <- colnames(anno)[ind]

# 1d') obtain the induced subgraph according to the input annotation data
# based on all possible paths (i.e. the complete subgraph induced)
dag <- xDAGanno(g, annotation, path.mode="all_paths", verbose=TRUE)

# 1e') color-code nodes/terms according to the number of annotations
data <- sapply(V(dag)$anno, length)
names(data) <- V(dag)$name
dnet::visDAG(g=dag, data=data, node.info="both")

###########################################################
# 2) Gene-based ontology
# 2a) ig.MP (an object of class "igraph" storing as a directed graph)
g <- xRDataLoader('ig.MP')

# 2b) load human genes annotated by MP (an object of class "GS" containing the 'gs' component)
GS <- xRDataLoader(RData='org.Hs.egMP')
anno <- GS$gs # notes: This is a list

# 2c) prepare for annotation data
# randomly select 5 terms/vertices (and their annotation data)
annotation <- anno[sample(1:length(anno),5)]

# 2d) obtain the induced subgraph according to the input annotation data
# based on shortest paths (i.e. the most concise subgraph induced) 
# but without applying true-path rule
dag <- xDAGanno(g, annotation, path.mode="shortest_paths",
true.path.rule=TRUE, verbose=TRUE)

# 2e) color-code nodes/terms according to the number of annotations
data <- sapply(V(dag)$anno, length)
names(data) <- V(dag)$name
dnet::visDAG(g=dag, data=data, node.info="both")

## End(Not run)

hfang-bristol/XGR documentation built on Nov. 18, 2018, 2:37 a.m.