R/fslbet_robust.R

Defines functions fslbet_robust

Documented in fslbet_robust

#' @title Robust Skull Stripping with COG estimation and Bias Correction
#' @description Skull Stripping (using FSL's BET) a file using \code{fslr}
#' functions and robustified by registration and neck removal
#' @param img (character) File to be skull stripped or object of class
#' nifti
#' @param outfile (character) output filename
#' @param retimg (logical) return image of class nifti
#' @param correct Perform bias field correction
#' @param correction (character) N3 or N4 correction?  
#' @param recog Rerun bet with a new center of gravity (COG) estimate
#' @param reorient (logical) If retimg, should file be reoriented when read in?
#' Passed to \code{\link{readnii}}. 
#' @param bet.opts Options for \code{\link{fslbet}}
#' @param nvoxels Number of voxels to dilate/erode.  See \code{\link{fslfill2}}.
#' If \code{nvoxels = 0}, then no smoothing is done.
#' @param swapdim Use \code{\link{fslswapdim}} to reorient image
#' @param remove.neck Run \code{\link{remove_neck}} to register the template to a 
#' thresholded image to remove neck slices.
#' @param remover if \code{remove.neck = TRUE}, then which function
#' would you like to use to remove the neck
#' @param robust.mask Run \code{\link{robust_brain_mask}} to register the template to a 
#' thresholded image and inflate for 
#' @param rbm.voxels Number of voxels to inflate mask for \code{\link{robust_brain_mask}}
#' @param template.file Template to warp to original image space, passed to 
#' \code{\link{remove_neck}}
#' @param template.mask Mask of template to use as rough brain mask, passed 
#' to \code{\link{remove_neck}} 
#' @param verbose (logical) Should diagnostic output be printed?
#' @param ... additional arguments passed to \code{\link{robust_brain_mask}} or 
#' \code{\link{remove_neck}}.
#' @return Skull-stripped \code{nifti} object 
#' @note This function first thresholds an image, runs a rigid registration
#' (default in \code{\link{remove_neck}}) to drop any slices below the transformed
#' skull stripped template to remove neck slices.  The neck-removed image is 
#' then skull stripped using defaults in \code{\link{fslbet}}.  A new 
#' center of gravity is estiamted using \code{\link{cog}}, then the image is
#' skull stripped again using the new cog. After the skull stripped mask is 
#' created, the image is dilated and eroded using \code{\link{fslfill2}} to
#' fill holes using a box kernel with the number of voxels \code{nvoxels} in 
#' all 3 directions.
#' @examples 
#' \dontrun{
#'   stubs = c("T1Strip.nii.gz",
#'   "T2Strip.nii.gz")
#'   img_files = system.file(stubs,
#'   package="WhiteStripe")
#'   
#'   if (all(file.exists(img_files)){
#'    fslbet_robust(system.file('T1Strip.nii.gz', package="WhiteStripe"))
#'   }
#' }
#' @export
#' @importFrom fslr fslbet fsldir fslfill2 fslcog
fslbet_robust <- function(
  img, 
  outfile = NULL,
  retimg = TRUE,
  correct = TRUE,
  correction = "N4",
  recog = TRUE,
  reorient = FALSE,  
  bet.opts = "",
  nvoxels = 0,
  swapdim = TRUE,
  remove.neck = TRUE,
  remover = c("remove_neck", "double_remove_neck"),
  robust.mask = FALSE,
  rbm.voxels = 7,
  template.file = file.path( fsldir(), "data/standard", 
                             "MNI152_T1_1mm_brain.nii.gz"),
  template.mask = file.path( fsldir(), "data/standard", 
                             "MNI152_T1_1mm_brain_mask.nii.gz"),    
  verbose=TRUE,
  ...
){
  
  outfile = check_outfile(outfile = outfile, 
                          retimg = retimg, 
                          fileext = "")
  outfile = nii.stub(outfile)
  
  #############################
  # Threshold Image
  #############################
  img = check_nifti(img, reorient = reorient)
  
  if (correct) {
    if (verbose) {
      message("# Running Bias-Field Correction\n")
    }
    n4img = bias_correct(img, correction = correction, retimg = TRUE,
                         verbose = verbose)
  } else {
    n4img = img
  }
  #############################
  # Removing Neck
  #############################
  if (remove.neck) { 
    # if (swapdim){
    #   if (verbose){
    #     message(paste0("# Swapping Dimensions \n"))
    #   }
    #   forms = getForms(n4img)
    #   sorient = forms$ssor       
    #   #       qorient = forms$sqor
    #   n4img = fslswapdim(file=n4img, retimg=TRUE, a="RL", b="PA", c="IS", 
    #                      verbose = verbose)
    # } 
    # if (verbose){
    #   message(paste0("# Removing Neck with template:", template.file, '\n'))
    # }
    # noneck = remove_neck(
    #   file = n4img, 
    #   template.file = template.file,
    #   template.mask = template.mask,
    #   rep.value = 0, 
    #   verbose = verbose,
    #   swapdim = swapdim,
    #   ...)
    L = list(    
        file = n4img,
        template.file = template.file,
        template.mask = template.mask,
        rep.value = 0,
        verbose = verbose,
        swapdim = swapdim,
        ret_mask = FALSE,
        ...)
    remover = match.arg(remover)
    noneck = do.call(remover, args = L)
    
    # noneck = remove_neck(n4img, 
    #                      template.file = template.file,
    #                      template.mask = template.mask,
    #                      rep.value=0, 
    #                      verbose = verbose,
    #                      ...)  
    # if (swapdim){
    #   if (verbose) {
    #     message(paste0("# Swapping Dimensions Back\n"))
    #   }
    #   noneck = fslswapdim(file=noneck, retimg=TRUE, a=sorient[1], 
    #                       b=sorient[2], c=sorient[3], verbose = verbose)
    #   n4img = fslswapdim(file=n4img, retimg=TRUE, a=sorient[1], 
    #                      b=sorient[2], c=sorient[3], verbose = verbose)      
    # } 
  } else {
    noneck = n4img
  }
  
  #############################
  # Removing Neck
  #############################
  if (robust.mask){ 
    if (verbose){
      message(paste0("# Robust Brain Mask from:", template.file, '\n'))
    }
    noneck = robust_brain_mask(noneck, 
                               template.file = template.file,
                               template.mask = template.mask,
                               nvoxels = rbm.voxels,
                               verbose = verbose,
                               ...)  
  } 
  
  #############################
  # Skull Stripping no-neck image
  #############################
  if (verbose){
    message(paste0("# Skull Stripping for COG\n"))
  }
  brain1 = fslbet(noneck, retimg=TRUE, opts = bet.opts, verbose = verbose)
  if (recog){
    if (verbose){
      message(paste0("# Skull Stripping with new cog\n"))
    }
    xyz = ceiling(fslcog(brain1, mm = FALSE, verbose=FALSE))
    opts =  paste("-c", paste(xyz, collapse = " "))
    opts = paste(bet.opts, opts)  
    brain1 = fslbet(noneck, retimg= TRUE, 
                    opts = opts, verbose = verbose)
    #### adding a 3rd bet
    #     brain1 = fslbet(noneck, retimg= TRUE, verbose = verbose, 
    #                     opts = bet.opts)
  } 
  ssmask = cal_img(brain1 > 0)
  
  #############################
  # Filling the mask
  ############################# 
  if (verbose){
    message(paste0("# Filling Holes \n"))
  }
  if (nvoxels > 0){
    kopts = paste0("-kernel boxv ", nvoxels)
    ssmask = fslfill2(ssmask, 
                      retimg = TRUE, 
                      kopts = kopts,
                      remove.ends = FALSE,
                      refill = FALSE,
                      verbose = verbose)
  }
  
  ss = mask_img(n4img, ssmask)
  
  ss = drop_img_dim(ss)
  writeNIfTI(ss, 
             filename = outfile)
  
  return(ss)
}
neuroconductor/extrantsr documentation built on Jan. 3, 2020, 10:22 p.m.