pipe.RIPpeaks: Turn RIP-seq Data Alignments into Wiggle Tracks and RIP...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also

Description

Pipeline step that generates files of RIP peaks for one sample. The alignment BAM files are converted to strand specific and unique/multi-hit wiggle tracks, and then the read pileup depth is interogated for the presence of RIP peaks.

Usage

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pipe.RIPpeaks(sampleID, annotationFile = "Annotation.txt", optionsFile = "Options.txt", 
	speciesID = NULL, results.path = NULL, loadWIG = FALSE, storage.mode = "normal", 
	doPeakSearch = TRUE, peak.type = "auto", cutoff.medians = 3, 
	min.width = 50, max.width=1000,
	use.multicore = TRUE, p.value = 0.075, verbose = FALSE, 
	controlPeaksFile = NULL, scaledReadCount = NULL, visualize = interactive())

Arguments

sampleID

The SampleID for this sample. This SampleID keys for one row of annotation details in the annotation file, for getting sample-specific details. The SampleID is also used as a sample-specific prefix for all files created during the processing of this sample.

annotationFile

File of sample annotation details, which specifies all needed sample-specific information about the samples under study. See DuffyNGS_Annotation.

optionsFile

File of processing options, which specifies all processing parameters that are not sample specific. See DuffyNGS_Options.

speciesID

The SpeciesID of the target species to calculate a transcriptome for. By default, transcriptome for all species in the current target are generated.

results.path

The top level folder path for writing result files to. By default, read from the Options file entry 'results.path'.

loadWIG

Logical, should all wiggle track data structures be rebuilt from the alignment BAM files. By default, the wiggle files are only created if they do not yet exist for this sample.

storage.mode

Controls the behavior of how alignments are loaded into the the wiggle track data objects.

doPeakSearch

Logical, controls whether the full peak search algorithm is run, or to instead just rerun the post-search summarization and plotting steps of this pipeline.

peak.type

Controls the type of peak shapes the picker evaluates against the raw pileup data. Choices are 'gaussian', 'gumbel', 'pulse' (a singleton square wave), and 'auto'. The default 'auto' lets the peak picker use all known peak shapes and select the one that best fits the raw data at each location.

cutoff.medians

Defines the cutoff threshold between noise and potential true peaks, as a multiple of the strand's median raw read pileup depth. Only locations having higher read depth than the cutoff threshold will be passed to the lower level peak picking algorithm. Setting the cutoff too low will slow computation and introduce false peaks, while setting it too high will cause some true but smaller peaks to be missed.

min.width
max.width

Used to define the expected 'half-width at half-height' (HWHH) of an expected RIP peak in the sample. As the RIP peaks themselves are a result of read pileups at various locations along the genome, the best minimum estimate for the canonical width will be exactly the length in nucleotides of the raw reads in the FASTQ data. Since RIP peaks are a function of mRNA expression, there is no robust way to know the upper limit on a RIP peak's width. Peak scores will get down-graded when the observed width is outside these bounds.

use.multicore

Logical, should the two strands of raw read pileup data (forward, reverse) be run in parallel as two separate child peakpick processes. As of R version 3, plotting during multicore is no longer supported, so care should be taken with this argument.

p.value

The limiting P-value for determining how many peaks to include in the final tables of RIP peak results. Peaks with poor scoring final P-values are omitted.

verbose

Logical, send progress information to standard out.

controlPeaksFile

Character filename of a set of negative control peaks from samples that should not have real RIP peaks. This set of 'non-peaks' are used for calculating the P-values for peaks in the given sample. Not yet implemented for RIP-seq data...

scaledReadCount

Total raw read count that all samples will be scaled to prior to peak picking, to assure that all samples will be scored in an equivalent manner. Many of the peak shape scoring metrics are influenced by read depth, so this helps give uniform peak scoring between samples.

visualize

Logical, should the pipeline generate plot images of peak evaluation and final peak calls during the peak search run. Plotting can only occur in an interactive session. Assumes the program is running on a machine that supports X11 graphics.

Details

This is the high level pipeline step for finding RIP peaks in a sample. If needed, it first turns the BAM alignments into wiggle track data; then calls the peak peaker, and finally generates several files of RIP peak results.

The algorithm was written and tuned for the transcription factor induction data from the ISB's Baliga lab for M.tuberculosis. It may need some retuning for other genomes and/or sequencing data variabilities.

This function operates on a single sample. In a typical experiment, there will be multiple samples that need to be evaluated as a set. See pipe.RIPpeaksToAltGeneMap for combining RIP peaks from multiple samples into one set of features to be interogated for differential expression abundance.

Value

A family of files are written to this sample's subfolder in the 'RIPpeaks' folder of results. These include:

Strand specific peak files

Two text files of single strand peak calls, for the forward and reverse wiggle tracks.

Strand specific ROC curve plots

If interactive graphics were generated, ROC curves of the peak pick score distributions are made.

Final peaks text file

One text file of final peak calls, after merging the 2 strand-specific results. There is no joining based on forward/reverse peak pairs, as that behavior is not required or expected in RIP-seq data.

Final peaks .CSV file

One Excel readable file of final peak calls, after appending a column of the genomic DNA sequence under the peak. This column is configured as FASTA sequences that can be submitted to a motif detection algorithm to find the binding motif of that sample's transcription factor.

Final peaks .html file

One web browser readable file of final peak calls, with hyperlinks into a subfolder of plot images of all high scoring final RIP peaks.

Peaks scoring details

One text file of all scoring metric details for all identified peaks. Useful for tuning the algorithm or just understanding why peaks got scored as they did.

Author(s)

Bob Morrison

References

RIPSeeker: a statistical package for identifying protein-associated transcripts from RIP-seq experiments. Yue Li, Dorothy Yanling Zhao, Jack Greenblatt, Zhaolie Zhang Nucleic Acids Research, 2013, Vol. 41, No 8.

See Also

calcWigRIPpeaks for the intermediate level implementation, and findRIPpeaks for the low level single strand read pileup depth peak pick tool. pipe.RIPpeaksToAltGeneMap for the next step of joining peak sites into gene features for differential detection.


robertdouglasmorrison/DuffyNGS documentation built on Dec. 7, 2018, 8:01 a.m.