Benford: Benford data

Description Format Details Source


Two examples to test Benford's Law


A dataset with 9 observations on the following 4 variables.

Digit Leading digit (1-9)
BenfordP Expected proportion according to Benford's law
Address Frequency as a first digit in an address
Invoices Frequency as the first digit in invoice amounts


Leading digits from 1188 addresses sampled from a phone book and 7273 amounts from invoices sampled at a company.


Thanks to Prof. Richard Cleary for providing the data

Search within the Lock5Data package
Search all R packages, documentation and source code

Questions? Problems? Suggestions? or email at

Please suggest features or report bugs with the GitHub issue tracker.

All documentation is copyright its authors; we didn't write any of that.