# R/outpro.R In WRS2: A Collection of Robust Statistical Methods

```outpro<-function(m,gval=NA,center=NA,plotit=TRUE,op=TRUE,MM=FALSE,cop=3,
xlab="VAR 1",ylab="VAR 2",STAND=TRUE,tr=.2,q=.5,pr=TRUE,...){
#
# Detect outliers using a modification of the
# Stahel-Donoho  projection method.
#
# Determine center of data cloud, for each point,
# connect it with center, project points onto this line
# and use distances between projected points to detect
# outliers. A boxplot method is used on the
# projected distances.
#
# plotit=TRUE creates a scatterplot when working with
# bivariate data.
#
# op=T
# means the .5 depth contour is plotted
# based on data with outliers removed.
#
# op=F
# means .5 depth contour is plotted without removing outliers.
#
#  MM=F  Use interquatile range when checking for outliers
#
#  If value for center is not specified,
#  there are four options for computing the center of the
#  cloud of points when computing projections:
#
#  cop=2 uses MCD center
#  cop=3 uses median of the marginal distributions.
#  cop=4 uses MVE center
#  cop=5 uses TBS
#  cop=6 uses rmba (Olive's median ball algorithm)#  cop=7 uses the spatial (L1) median
#
#  args q and tr having are not used by this function. They are included to deal
#  with situations where smoothers have optional arguments for q and tr
#
#  When using cop=2, 3 or 4, default critical value for outliers
#  is square root of the .975 quantile of a
#  chi-squared distribution with p degrees
#  of freedom.
#
#  STAND=T means that marginal distributions are standardized before
#  checking for outliers.
#
#  Donoho-Gasko (Tukey) median is marked with a cross, +.
#
m<-as.matrix(m)
if(pr){
if(!STAND){
if(ncol(m)>1)print("STAND=FALSE. If measures are on different scales, might want to use STAND=TRUE")
}}
m=elimna(m)
m<-as.matrix(m)
nv=nrow(m)
if(ncol(m)==1){
dis<-sqrt(dis)
dis[is.na(dis)]=0
crit<-sqrt(qchisq(.975,1))
chk<-ifelse(dis>crit,1,0)
vec<-c(1:nrow(m))
outid<-vec[chk==1]
keep<-vec[chk==0]
}
if(ncol(m)>1){
if(is.na(gval) && cop==1)gval<-sqrt(qchisq(.95,ncol(m)))
if(is.na(gval) && cop!=1)gval<-sqrt(qchisq(.975,ncol(m)))
if(cop==1 && is.na(center[1])){
if(ncol(m)>2)center<-dmean(m,tr=.5,cop=1)
if(ncol(m)==2){
tempd<-NA
for(i in 1:nrow(m))
tempd[i]<-depth(m[i,1],m[i,2],m)
mdep<-max(tempd)
flag<-(tempd==mdep)
if(sum(flag)==1)center<-m[flag,]
if(sum(flag)>1)center<-apply(m[flag,],2,mean)
}}
if(cop==2 && is.na(center[1])){
center<-cov.mcd(m)\$center
}
if(cop==4 && is.na(center[1])){
center<-cov.mve(m)\$center
}
if(cop==3 && is.na(center[1])){
center<-apply(m,2,median)
}
#if(cop==5 && is.na(center[1])){
#center<-tbs(m)\$center
#}
if(cop==6 && is.na(center[1])){
center<-rmba(m)\$center
}
if(cop==7 && is.na(center[1])){
center<-spat(m)
}
flag<-rep(0, nrow(m))
outid <- NA
vec <- c(1:nrow(m))
for (i in 1:nrow(m)){
B<-m[i,]-center
dis<-NA
BB<-B^2
bot<-sum(BB)
if(bot!=0){
for (j in 1:nrow(m)){
A<-m[j,]-center
temp<-sum(A*B)*B/bot
dis[j]<-sqrt(sum(temp^2))
}
temp<-idealf(dis)
if(!MM)cu<-median(dis)+gval*(temp\$qu-temp\$ql)
outid<-NA
temp2<-(dis> cu)
flag[temp2]<-1
}}
if(sum(flag) == 0) outid <- NA
if(sum(flag) > 0)flag<-(flag==1)
outid <- vec[flag]
idv<-c(1:nrow(m))
keep<-idv[!flag]
if(ncol(m)==2){
if(plotit){
plot(m[,1],m[,2],type="n",xlab=xlab,ylab=ylab)
points(m[keep,1],m[keep,2],pch="*")
if(length(outid)>0)points(m[outid,1],m[outid,2],pch="o")
if(op){
tempd<-NA
keep<-keep[!is.na(keep)]
mm<-m[keep,]
for(i in 1:nrow(mm))tempd[i]<-depth(mm[i,1],mm[i,2],mm)
mdep<-max(tempd)
flag<-(tempd==mdep)
if(sum(flag)==1)center<-mm[flag,]
if(sum(flag)>1)center<-apply(mm[flag,],2,mean)
m<-mm
}
points(center[1],center[2],pch="+")
x<-m
temp<-fdepth(m,plotit=FALSE)
flag<-(temp>=median(temp))
xx<-x[flag,]
xord<-order(xx[,1])
xx<-xx[xord,]
temp<-chull(xx)
#xord<-order(xx[,1])
#xx<-xx[xord,]
#temp<-chull(xx)
lines(xx[temp,])
lines(xx[c(temp[1],temp[length(temp)]),])
}}}
list(n=nv,n.out=length(outid),out.id=outid,keep=keep)
}
```

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WRS2 documentation built on May 2, 2019, 4:46 p.m.