R/pack.R

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# pack R package, copyright (C) Joshua M. Ulrich, 2007-2008               #
# Distributed under GNU GPL version 3                                     #
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------#

'pack' <-
function(template, ...) {

  # http://perldoc.perl.org/functions/pack.html

  template <- unlist(strsplit(template,"\\s"))
  values <- list(...)

  types <- gsub('[0-9]|\\*','',template)
  bytes <- gsub('[[:alpha:]]|/','',template)
  bytes <- gsub('\\*','-1',bytes)
  suppressWarnings(bytes <- as.numeric(bytes))
  result <- NULL

  # Loop over template / value pairs
  shift <- 0
  for( i in 1:length(template) ) {
        
    value <- values[i-shift][[1]]
    type <- types[i]
    byte <- bytes[i]

    # If template requires more args than given
    if( is.null(value) ) {
      val <- as.raw(0)
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    if( type == 'a' ) {
      value <- as.character(value)
      # In the case of 'a*'
      if( byte == -1 )
        byte <- nchar(value)
      if( nchar(value) > byte )
        stop(paste('list value (',value,') too large for template value',sep=''))
      val <- charToRaw( value )
      nul <- rep( as.raw(0), byte-nchar(value) )
    } else
    # A space padded ASCII string
    if( type == 'A' ) {
      value <- as.character(value)
      if( nchar(value) > byte )
        stop(paste('list value (',value,') too large for template value',sep=''))
      val <- charToRaw( value )
      nul <- rep( charToRaw(' '), byte-nchar(value) )
    } else
    # Bit string, low-to-high order
    if( type == 'b' ) {
      val <- packBits( value )
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    # Bit string, high-to-low order
    if( type == 'B' ) {
      val <- rev( packBits( value ) )
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    # A null padded string
    # An unsigned char (octet) value.
    if( type == 'C' ) {
      val <- numToRaw( value, 1 )
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    # An unsigned short (16-bit) in "VAX" (little-endian) order.
    if( type == 'v' ) {
      val <- numToRaw( value, 2 )
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    # An unsigned long (32-bit) in "VAX" (little-endian) order.
    if( type == 'V' ) {
      val <- numToRaw( value, 4 )
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    # A double-precision float in the native format.
    # A single-precision float in the native format.    
    # Packed item count followed by packed items
    if( regexpr('/',type)>0 ) {
      seq <- unlist(strsplit(type,'/'))
      len <- nchar(value)
      num <- pack(seq[1], len)
      val <- pack(paste(seq[2],len,sep=''),value)
      val <- c(num,val)
      nul <- raw(0)
    } else
    # A null byte
    if( type == 'x' ) {
      val <- as.raw(0)
      nul <- raw(0)
      shift <- shift + 1
    } else {
      stop('\'',type,'\' is an unsupported template value')
    }

    # Combine result
    result <- c(result,val,nul)
  }
  return(result)
}

Try the pack package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

pack documentation built on May 31, 2017, 3:29 a.m.