R/overlay.R

Defines functions .overlayList

# Author: Robert J. Hijmans
# Date :  June 2008
# Version 0.9
# Licence GPL v3
# version 1, April 2012



		
setMethod('overlay', signature(x='Raster', y='Raster'), 
function(x, y, ..., fun, filename="", recycle=TRUE, forcefun=FALSE){ 
	if (missing(fun)) { 
		stop("you must supply a function 'fun'.\nE.g., 'fun=function(x,y){return(x+y)} or fun=sum'") 
	}
	lst <- list(...)
	isRast <- sapply(lst, function(x) inherits(x, 'Raster'))
	if (sum(unlist(isRast)) > 0) {
		x <- c(x, y, lst[isRast])
		lst <- lst[! isRast ]
	} else {
		x <- list(x, y)
	}
	lst$fun <- fun
	lst$filename <- filename
	lst$recycle <- recycle
	lst$forcefun <- forcefun
	lst$x <- x
	do.call(.overlayList, lst)
}
)


setMethod('overlay', signature(x='Raster', y='missing'), 
function(x, y, ..., fun, filename="", unstack=TRUE, forcefun=FALSE){ 
	if (missing(fun)) { 
		stop("you must supply a function 'fun'.\nE.g., 'fun=function(x,y){return(x+y)} or fun=sum'") 
	}
	
	x <- .makeRasterList(x, unstack=unstack)	
	.overlayList(x, fun=fun, filename=filename, forcefun=forcefun, ...)
}
)


.overlayList <- function(x, fun, filename="", recycle=TRUE, forcefun=FALSE, ...){ 

	ln <- length(x)
	if (ln < 1) { 
		stop('no Rasters') 
	}
	if (ln > 1) { 
		compareRaster(x) 
	}
	
	nl <- sapply(x, nlayers)
	maxnl <- max(nl)

	filename <- trim(filename)

	testmat <- NULL
	testlst <- vector(length=length(x), mode='list')
	w <- getOption('warn')
	options('warn'=-1) 
	for (i in 1:length(testlst)) {
		v <- extract(x[[i]], 1:5)
		testmat <- cbind(testmat, as.vector(v))
		testlst[[i]] <- v
	}
	options('warn'= w) 

	test1 <- try ( apply(testmat, 1, fun) , silent=TRUE )
	
	if (class(test1) != "try-error" & (!forcefun)) {
		doapply <- TRUE
		if (! is.null(dim(test1))) {
			test1 <- t(test1)
		} else {
			test1 <- matrix(test1, ncol=maxnl)
		}
		nlout <- NCOL(test1)
	} else {
		doapply <- FALSE
		dovec <- FALSE
		test2 <- try ( do.call(fun, testlst), silent=TRUE )
		nlout <- length(test2)/5
		if (class(test2) == "try-error" | length(test2) < 5) {
			dovec <- TRUE
			testlst <- lapply(testlst, as.vector)
			test3 <- try ( do.call(fun, testlst), silent=TRUE )
			nlout <- length(test3)/5
			if (class(test3) == "try-error" | length(test3) < 5) {
				stop('cannot use this formula, probably because it is not vectorized')
			}
		} 
	}

	if (nlout == 1) {
		out <- raster(x[[1]])
	} else {
		out <- brick(x[[1]], values=FALSE, nl=nlout)
	}
	
	if ( canProcessInMemory(out, sum(nl)+maxnl) ) {
		pb <- pbCreate(3, label='overlay', ...)			
		pbStep(pb, 1)
		if (doapply) {
			valmat <- matrix(nrow=ncell(out)*maxnl, ncol=length(x)) 
			for (i in 1:length(x)) {
				if (ncell(x[[i]]) < nrow(valmat)) {
					options('warn'=-1) 
					valmat[,i] <- as.vector(getValues(x[[i]])) * rep(1, nrow(valmat))
					options('warn'= w) 
				} else {
					valmat[,i] <- as.vector(getValues(x[[i]]))
				}
			}
			pbStep(pb, 2)

			vals <- apply(valmat, 1, fun)
			if (! is.null(dim(vals))) {
				vals <- t(vals)
			}
			vals <- matrix(vals, nrow=ncell(out))
			
		} else {
			for (i in 1:length(x)) {
                x[[i]] <- getValues(x[[i]])
            }
			if (dovec) {
				x <- lapply(x, as.vector)
			}
			pbStep(pb, 2)
			vals <- do.call(fun, x)
			vals <- matrix(vals, nrow=ncell(out))
		}
		pbStep(pb, 3)
		out <- setValues(out, vals)
		if (filename != "") { 
			out <- writeRaster(out, filename=filename, ...) 
		}
		pbClose(pb)
		return(out)
		
	} else {
	
		if (filename == "") {
			filename <- rasterTmpFile()
		} 
		out <- writeStart(out, filename=filename, ...)
		
		
		tr <- blockSize(out, n=sum(nl)+maxnl)
		pb <- pbCreate(tr$n, label='overlay', ...)
		
		if (doapply) { 
			valmat = matrix(nrow=tr$nrows[1]*ncol(out)*maxnl, ncol=length(x)) 
			for (i in 1:tr$n) {
				if (i == tr$n) {
					valmat = matrix(nrow=tr$nrows[i]*ncol(out)*maxnl , ncol=length(x))
				}
				for (j in 1:length(x)) {
					v <- as.vector(getValues(x[[j]], row=tr$row[i], nrows=tr$nrows[i]))
					if (length(v) < nrow(valmat)) {
						options('warn'=-1) 
						valmat[,j] <- v * rep(1, nrow(valmat))
						options('warn'=w) 
					} else {
						valmat[,j] <- v
					}
				}	
				
				vv <- apply(valmat, 1, fun)
				if (! is.null(dim(vv))) {
					vals <- t(vv)
				}
				vv <- matrix(vv, ncol=nlout)
				out <- writeValues(out, vv, tr$row[i])
				pbStep(pb, i)
			}
			
		} else {
			vallist <- list()
			for (i in 1:tr$n) {
				if (dovec) {
					for (j in 1:length(x)) {
						vallist[[j]] <- as.vector( getValues(x[[j]], row=tr$row[i], nrows=tr$nrows[i]) )
					}	
				} else {
					for (j in 1:length(x)) {
						vallist[[j]] <- getValues(x[[j]], row=tr$row[i], nrows=tr$nrows[i])
					}
				}	

				vv <- do.call(fun, vallist)
				vv <- matrix(vv, ncol=nlout)
				out <- writeValues(out, vv, tr$row[i])
				pbStep(pb, i)
			}
		}
		pbClose(pb)
		out <- writeStop(out)
	} 
	return(out)
}

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raster documentation built on Aug. 5, 2019, 3:37 p.m.