US 2004 presidential election data at state or county level

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Description

A sample of voting data from US states or counties (depending on data availability), sampled with probability proportional to number of votes. The sample was drawn using Tille's splitting method, implemented in the "sampling" package.

Usage

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data(election)

Format

election is a data frame with 4600 observations on the following 8 variables.

County

A factor specifying the state or country

TotPrecincts

Number of precincts in the state or county

PrecinctsReporting

Number of precincts supplying data

Bush

Votes for George W. Bush

Kerry

Votes for John Kerry

Nader

Votes for Ralph Nader

votes

Total votes for those three candidates

p

Sampling probability, proportional to votes

election_pps is a sample of 40 counties or states taken with probability proportional to the number of votes. It includes the additional column wt with the sampling weights.

election_insample indicates which rows of election were sampled.

election_jointprob are the pairwise sampling probabilities and election_jointHR are approximate pairwise sampling probabilities using the Hartley-Rao approximation.

Source

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Examples

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data(election)
## high positive correlation between totals
plot(Bush~Kerry,data=election,log="xy")
## high negative correlation between proportions
plot(I(Bush/votes)~I(Kerry/votes), data=election)

## Variances without replacement
## Horvitz-Thompson type
dpps_br<- svydesign(id=~1,  fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps="brewer")
dpps_ov<- svydesign(id=~1,  fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps="overton")
dpps_hr<- svydesign(id=~1,  fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps=HR(sum(election$p^2)/40))
dpps_hr1<- svydesign(id=~1, fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps=HR())
dpps_ht<- svydesign(id=~1,  fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps=ppsmat(election_jointprob))
## Yates-Grundy type
dpps_yg<- svydesign(id=~1,  fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps=ppsmat(election_jointprob),variance="YG")
dpps_hryg<- svydesign(id=~1,  fpc=~p, data=election_pps, pps=HR(sum(election$p^2)/40),variance="YG")

## The with-replacement approximation
dppswr <-svydesign(id=~1, probs=~p, data=election_pps)

svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_ht)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_yg)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_hr)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_hryg)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_hr1)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_br)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dpps_ov)
svytotal(~Bush+Kerry+Nader, dppswr)

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