Specify survey design with replicate weights

Description

Some recent large-scale surveys specify replication weights rather than the sampling design (partly for privacy reasons). This function specifies the data structure for such a survey.

Usage

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svrepdesign(variables , repweights , weights, data,...)
## Default S3 method:
svrepdesign(variables = NULL, repweights = NULL, weights = NULL, 
   data = NULL, type = c("BRR", "Fay", "JK1","JKn","bootstrap","other"),
   combined.weights=TRUE, rho = NULL, bootstrap.average=NULL,
   scale=NULL, rscales=NULL,fpc=NULL, fpctype=c("fraction","correction"),
   mse=getOption("survey.replicates.mse"),...)
## S3 method for class 'imputationList'
svrepdesign(variables=NULL, repweights,weights,data,
   mse=getOption("survey.replicates.mse"),...)
## S3 method for class 'character'
svrepdesign(variables=NULL,repweights=NULL, weights=NULL,data=NULL,
type=c("BRR","Fay","JK1", "JKn","bootstrap","other"),combined.weights=TRUE, rho=NULL, 
bootstrap.average=NULL, scale=NULL,rscales=NULL,fpc=NULL,
fpctype=c("fraction","correction"),mse=getOption("survey.replicates.mse"),
 dbtype="SQLite", dbname,...) 

## S3 method for class 'svyrep.design'
image(x, ..., col=grey(seq(.5,1,length=30)), type.=c("rep","total"))

Arguments

variables

formula or data frame specifying variables to include in the design (default is all)

repweights

formula or data frame specifying replication weights, or character string specifying a regular expression that matches the names of the replication weight variables

weights

sampling weights

data

data frame to look up variables in formulas, or character string giving name of database table

type

Type of replication weights

combined.weights

TRUE if the repweights already include the sampling weights. This is usually the case.

rho

Shrinkage factor for weights in Fay's method

bootstrap.average

For type="bootstrap", if the bootstrap weights have been averaged, gives the number of iterations averaged over

scale, rscales

Scaling constant for variance, see Details below

fpc,fpctype

Finite population correction information

mse

If TRUE, compute variances based on sum of squares around the point estimate, rather than the mean of the replicates

dbname

name of database, passed to DBI::dbConnect()

dbtype

Database driver: see Details

x

survey design with replicate weights

...

Other arguments to image

col

Colors

type.

"rep" for only the replicate weights, "total" for the replicate and sampling weights combined.

Details

In the BRR method, the dataset is split into halves, and the difference between halves is used to estimate the variance. In Fay's method, rather than removing observations from half the sample they are given weight rho in one half-sample and 2-rho in the other. The ideal BRR analysis is restricted to a design where each stratum has two PSUs, however, it has been used in a much wider class of surveys.

The JK1 and JKn types are both jackknife estimators deleting one cluster at a time. JKn is designed for stratified and JK1 for unstratified designs.

Averaged bootstrap weights ("mean bootstrap") are used for some surveys from Statistics Canada. Yee et al (1999) describe their construction and use for one such survey.

The variance is computed as the sum of squared deviations of the replicates from their mean. This may be rescaled: scale is an overall multiplier and rscales is a vector of replicate-specific multipliers for the squared deviations. That is, rscales should have one entry for each column of repweights If thereplication weights incorporate the sampling weights (combined.weights=TRUE) or for type="other" these must be specified, otherwise they can be guessed from the weights.

A finite population correction may be specified for type="other", type="JK1" and type="JKn". fpc must be a vector with one entry for each replicate. To specify sampling fractions use fpctype="fraction" and to specify the correction directly use fpctype="correction"

repweights may be a character string giving a regular expression for the replicate weight variables. For example, in the California Health Interview Survey public-use data, the sampling weights are "rakedw0" and the replicate weights are "rakedw1" to "rakedw80". The regular expression "rakedw[1-9]" matches the replicate weight variables (and not the sampling weight variable).

data may be a character string giving the name of a table or view in a relational database that can be accessed through the DBI or ODBC interfaces. For DBI interfaces dbtype should be the name of the database driver and dbname should be the name by which the driver identifies the specific database (eg file name for SQLite). For ODBC databases dbtype should be "ODBC" and dbname should be the registed DSN for the database. On the Windows GUI, dbname="" will produce a dialog box for interactive selection.

The appropriate database interface package must already be loaded (eg RSQLite for SQLite, RODBC for ODBC). The survey design object will contain the replicate weights, but actual variables will be loaded from the database only as needed. Use close to close the database connection and open to reopen the connection, eg, after loading a saved object.

The database interface does not attempt to modify the underlying database and so can be used with read-only permissions on the database.

To generate your own replicate weights either use as.svrepdesign on a survey.design object, or see brrweights, bootweights, jk1weights and jknweights

The model.frame method extracts the observed data.

Value

Object of class svyrep.design, with methods for print, summary, weights, image.

Note

To use replication-weight analyses on a survey specified by sampling design, use as.svrepdesign to convert it.

Note

The successive difference weights in the American Community Survey use scale = 4/ncol(repweights) and rscales=rep(1, ncol(repweights). JK2 weights use scale=1, rscales=rep(1, ncol(repweights))

References

Levy and Lemeshow. "Sampling of Populations". Wiley.

Shao and Tu. "The Jackknife and Bootstrap." Springer.

Yee et al (1999). Bootstrat Variance Estimation for the National Population Health Survey. Proceedings of the ASA Survey Research Methodology Section. https://web.archive.org/web/20151110170959/http://www.amstat.org/sections/SRMS/Proceedings/papers/1999_136.pdf

See Also

as.svrepdesign, svydesign, brrweights, bootweights

Examples

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data(scd)
# use BRR replicate weights from Levy and Lemeshow
repweights<-2*cbind(c(1,0,1,0,1,0), c(1,0,0,1,0,1), c(0,1,1,0,0,1),
c(0,1,0,1,1,0))
scdrep<-svrepdesign(data=scd, type="BRR", repweights=repweights, combined.weights=FALSE)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, scdrep)

## Not run: 
## Needs RSQLite
library(RSQLite)
db_rclus1<-svrepdesign(weights=~pw, repweights="wt[1-9]+", type="JK1", scale=(1-15/757)*14/15,
data="apiclus1rep",dbtype="SQLite", dbname=system.file("api.db",package="survey"), combined=FALSE)
svymean(~api00+api99,db_rclus1)

summary(db_rclus1)

## closing and re-opening a connection
close(db_rclus1)
db_rclus1
try(svymean(~api00+api99,db_rclus1))
db_rclus1<-open(db_rclus1)
svymean(~api00+api99,db_rclus1)




## End(Not run)

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